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Ancient Man and His First Civilizations

South America-2

 

The Lima culture

At about 1,000 A.D, the Lima culture began to take shape along the central Peruvian coast, the Lima are known for their painted adobe buildings. Sometime later, the Lima were conquered by the Huari (Wari) people. Like the Moche before them, the Huari were a warrior society that appreciated fine artistry and design. Coastal Huari cultures produced textiles of the highest quality. Their ceramics, although less refined than those of Tiwanaku, stressed solid construction, bold design, and a rich use of colors.

 

The Huari

Later, Huari was the center of a militaristic Empire that dominated much of the Peruvian highlands and coastal region during the early part of the Middle Horizon. The Huari shared a religion and iconography with the Tiwanaku, but were socio-economically separate. Between about 750 and 1000 A.D, the Huari Empire unified all of Peru.

 

 

 

For reasons unknown, Huari and its large urban centers like Cajamarquilla, collapsed at around 800 A.D. This marks the end of urban life in southern Peru - until the Inca arrive. Curiously though, at the same time, urban centers are starting to pop-up on the northern coast of Peru, at the sites of future cities such as Chan Chan, Pacatnamú, and others.

 

 

 

 

The Chimu

The kingdom of the Chimu, was the first mega-state in Peru, before the establishment of the Inca Empire. It reached the height of its power in the fifteenth century, not long before being conquered by the Incas. The Chimú state originated in the Moche Valley, where its capital Chan Chan lay. The center of this great city is divided into nine walled "citadels," each constructed out of adobe brick finished with mud, and each containing temples, cemeteries, gardens, reservoirs and symmetrically arranged rooms. These citadels it is believed, were the living quarters, burial places and warehouses of the aristocracy. The bulk of the city's population however, lived outside of the citadels in much more modest quarters. There were other Chimu cities at Farfán and Pacatnamú in the Pacasmayo Valley, and at Purgatorio and Apurlé in the Leche and Motupe valleys. Chan Chan, now largely destroyed, once produced a spectacular array of artistic works such as gold jewelry, feather mantles, great textiles, and considerable work in wood and clay. The arid climate has preserved more art from the Chimú region than from most others.

 

 

 

Like all other great civilizations, the Chimu were militaristic and expansionistic. However in their quest for more territory, they unfortunately ventured south, and ran into the Inca. The Chimu conflict with the Inca began in 1462, and by 1475-1476 A.D, it was over, the Inca had conquered the Chimu state. The entire Chimu state, was absorbed into the Tawantinsuyu community and resettled in the city of Cuzco, to serve their new Inca rulers.

 

 

The Chincha

Contemporary with the Chimú, were the Chincha, on the southern coast of Peru. They were a similarly well-organized state. But they were unique in one respect, it appears that they were a completely specialized people, oriented totally towards a fishing economy. Excess from fishing and marine gathering was then used to barter for other goods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Columbia

Before going on, we should note that at the same time as these Andean Cultures, and even before them, there was the cultures in the "gateway" to South America, Columbia. Colombia lies at the crossing point between South and Central America. However cultures of Colombia have been little investigated, because almost none of them, left behind spectacular monuments. But their art reveals a high degree of craftsmanship, and their gold-work is the best in the whole continent, both for their techniques and artistic design. Their notable sites were San Agustín, Tierradentro and Ciudad Perdida. The cultures are known as the Tayrona, Sinú, Muisca, Quimbaya, Tolima, Calima,Tierradentro, San Agustín, Nariño, and Tumaco.

 

 

The Sicán

Continuing on in Peru: Sicán (800-1375) A.D, was a society of farmers, ceramic artisans, fishermen, and metalworkers. They built brick (adobe) platform mounds for ceremonial and funerary purposes. Like their Moche precursors, the people of Sicán built monumental temples and palaces, where rituals and funerals demanded splendid paraphernalia. The people of Sicán built highly refined irrigation projects, which opened the desert to richly productive agriculture. Their region, a broad river valley extending some 25 miles between the Pacific Ocean and the Andean foothills, is called Batán Grande.

 

 

 

The lords of the Sicán civilization, were buried in deep tombs, lying at the bottom of vertical shafts. In 1995 Izumi Shimada, excavated one of the richest tombs ever found in the western hemisphere. It contained more than a ton of precious metal shaped as jewelry, and other ritual artifacts. These objects show the highly perfected techniques achieved by Sicán gold and silver smiths.

 

 

The Inca

 

The Inca, who called themselves the Tawantinsuyu - ruled an empire extending from Ecuador to central Chile, their capital was called Cuzco/Cosco. The Inca were a Peruvian highland warrior people. The king of the Inca Empire was called the Sapa Inca (emperor), or simply Inca.

The race of the Inca, as well as the Holy Roman Emperors, who later came to rule them during the reign of Charles V, has long been in contention. Two old paintings with provenance in Peru, answers both questions definitively.

 

The Inca Nobles

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modern Peruvian People

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Inca King list

 

Click here for blowup of the entire painting

Click here for blowup of the middle part of the painting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Albino Fakes and Frauds

 

 

Click here for blowup of entire painting

 

 

They even made Jesus - A HEBREW - White!

 

Jesus Before
 
Jesus After
 

 

 

Emperor Charles V Before
 
Emperor Charles V After
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Cause?

 

 

 

 

BUT THERE IS ANOTHER POSSIBILITY!

See Charles V in the Black Holy Roman Empire Section.

 

 

 

From the above evidence, we can safely conclude that THESE people are the true descendents of the Inca.

 

 

Lovely Black Peruvian women in Chincha Peru - Picking Cotton

 

 

 

And THESE people are clearly NOT descendents of the Inca.

Though some do show Black admixture.

   

 

 

So who were the Mongol type people, like those above, and what was their function in Inca culture?

 

A pause here to look at something unique and disturbing.

 

 

Capacocha is the sacred Inca ceremony of human sacrifice. Sacrifices were often made during or after a calamity such as: an earthquake, an epidemic, a drought, or after the death of an Inca Emperor. The Inca sacrifices often involved the child of a chief. The sacrificed child was thought of as a deity, ensuring a tie between the chief and the Inca emperor, who was considered a descendant of the Sun god. The sacrifice also bestowed an elevated status on the chief's family and descendants. The "honor" of sacrifice was bestowed not only on the family, but was forever immortalized in the child. It is believed that the sacrificial children had to be perfect, without so much as a blemish or irregularity in their physical beauty.

 

As can clearly be seen, sacrificial victims appear to have been exclusively,

the Mongol type people.

 

 

The Uros People

The Uros are a pre-Incan people who live on forty-two self-fashioned floating islands in Lake Titicaca Puno, Peru and Bolivia. The Uros descend from a millennial town that, according to legends, are "pukinas" who speak Uro or Pukina and that believe they are the owners of the lake and water. Uros used to say that they have black blood because they did not feel the cold. Also they call themselves "Lupihaques" (Sons of The Sun). Nowadays, Uros do not speak the Uro language, nor practice their old beliefs but keep some old customs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The purpose of the island settlements was originally defensive, and if a threat arose they could be moved. The largest island retains a watchtower almost entirely constructed of reeds. The Uros traded with the Aymara tribe on the mainland, intermarrying with them and eventually abandoning the Uro language for that of the Aymara. About 500 years ago they lost their original language. When conquered by the Inca empire, they had to pay taxes to them, and often were made slaves.

 

 

 

 

 

Inca Gold

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From as far back as the ancient Egyptians,

Black people often depicted Bald headed Black females.

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inca technology and architecture were highly developed. Their irrigation systems, palaces, temples, and fortifications can still be seen throughout the Andes. Their economy was based on agriculture, its staples being corn (maize), white and sweet potatoes, squash, tomatoes, peanuts (groundnuts), chili peppers, coca, cassava, and cotton. They raised guinea pigs, ducks, llamas, alpacas, and dogs. Clothing was made of llama wool and cotton. Houses were made of stone or adobe mud. Inca farms were high in the mountains, sometimes over 12,000 feet high. In order to make the best use of all available land, the Inca practiced terrace farming in the high mountains.

 

 

 

 

Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca estate located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). It was built about 1450 A.D. and it was abandoned in 1572.

Relating to the Incas being painted as "Dark" Blacks: Perú has recorded some of the highest levels of UV rays in the world. People with less than "heavy" pigmentation could not work the "High Altitude" Terrace Farms for very long. The nonsense put forth by the Albinos of light-skinned Incas is just more racist Albino falsification.

 

 

 

 

 

Because of the varied altitudes that the Inca inhabited, they became expert at using temperature and humidity as a food preservative, (they invented "Jerk" meat). The Inca built a vast network of roads throughout their empire.

 

 

 

 

There were two main roads, one north to south, running along the coast for about 2,250 miles, the other inland along the Andes for a comparable distance, with many interconnecting roads and links. Many short rock tunnels and vine-supported suspension bridges were also constructed. The Inca Empire was a patchwork of languages, cultures and peoples, naturally those that had been conquered were not loyal.

 

 

How it all came about.

 

 

Pedro Álvares Cabral

Cabral was a Portuguese noble, military commander, navigator and explorer regarded as the discoverer of Brazil.

On 15 February 1500, Cabral was appointed Capitão-mor (literally Major-Captain, or commander-in-chief) of a fleet sailing for India. It was then the custom for the Portuguese Crown to appoint nobles to naval and military commands, regardless of experience or professional competence. This was the case for the captains of the ships under Cabral's command—most were nobles like himself. Cabral conducted the first substantial exploration of the northeast coast of South America and claimed it for Portugal. While details of Cabral's early life are sketchy, it is known that he came from a minor noble family and received a good education. He was appointed to head an expedition to India in 1500, following Vasco da Gama's newly opened route around Africa. The object of the undertaking was to return with valuable spices and to establish trade relations in India—bypassing the monopoly on the spice trade then in the hands of Arab, Turkish and Italian merchants.

 

 

His fleet of 13 ships sailed far into the western Atlantic Ocean, perhaps intentionally, where he made landfall on what he initially assumed to be a large island. As the new land was within the Portuguese sphere according to the Treaty of Tordesillas, Cabral claimed it for the Portuguese Crown. He explored the coast, realizing that the large land mass was probably a continent, and dispatched a ship to notify King Manuel I of the new territory. The continent was South America, and the land he had claimed for Portugal later came to be known as Brazil. The fleet reprovisioned and then turned eastward to resume the journey to India.

 

Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Estremadura, Spain, probably in 1471. He was the illegitimate son of Gonzalo Pizarro and Francisca González, she paid little attention to his education and he grew up without learning how to read or write. His father was a captain of infantry, and had fought in the Neopolitan war.

In 1522, after having heard accounts of the achievements of Hernán Cortés in Mexico, and with the return of Pascual de Andagoya from his expedition to the southern part of Panama, which had brought news of the countries situated along the west coast of south America. Cortés became filled with enthusiasm for exploration and conquest. He formed together with Diego de Almagro, a soldier of fortune who was at that time in Panama, and Hernando de Luque, a Spanish cleric, a company to conquer the lands situated to the south of Panama. Their project seemed so utterly unattainable that the people of Panama called them the "company of lunatics".

However after many failed attempts, Pizarro finally made it to the Incas territory. By the scoundrels luck, he shows up just as the Inca princes, the brothers Atahuallpa and Huascar, are engaged in a civil war over succession to the throne.

 

 

Additionally, there is a smallpox epidemic raging, smallpox having been introduced by Aleixo García, a Portuguese adventurer who had eight years earlier, entered South America through the Río de la Plata Estuary, which divides Argentina and Uruguay. García was intrigued by reports of "the White King" (see below), who it was said, lived far to the west and governed cities of incomparable wealth and splendor. His intention was to plunder Inca territory from the east. In Asunción his group gathered a small army of 2,000 Guaraní warriors to assist the invasion. García became the first European to cross the Chaco, and penetrate the outer defenses of the Inca Empire in the foothills of the Andes Mountains in present-day Bolivia. The García entourage engaged in plundering and amassed a considerable horde of silver. Only fierce attacks by the reigning Inca, Huayna Cápac, {who has since died}, convinced García to withdraw. Indian allies later murdered García and the other Europeans, but news of the raid on the Incas reached the Spanish explorers on the coast and attracted Sebastian Cabot to the Río Paraguay two years later.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Just before Pizarro's arrival, Atahuallpa's armies, led by the able generals Quisquis and Challcuchima, had marched south and won a series of decisive victories at Cajamarca, Bombon, and Ayacucho. As they moved southward, Huascar formed another army to defend Cuzco from the invaders. His forces were defeated, and he was captured a few miles from Cuzco in April 1532. The generals killed his entire family, and fastened them to poles along a highway leading from the capital. They also killed a number of people in Topa Inca Yupanqui's corporation because they had supported Huascar during the civil war; and they burned the mummy of the deceased ruler, which was venerated by the members of this group. Atahuallpa was in the north, setting up his administration, when he learned of the victory. He ordered Challcuchima to bring Huascar to the north so he could insult him properly before being crowned.

Meanwhile, the Spaniards had landed at Tumbes, on the northern coast of Peru early in 1532, and were seeking an interview with Atahuallpa, so that they could kidnap him. It is clear that they understood the nature of the Inca civil war and were dealing with emissaries from both factions. Their actions, however, must have seemed puzzling to Atahuallpa. On the one hand, Pizarro and his men were deposing and executing leaders who were loyal to him, and on the other hand, they were sending messages that recognized him as the legitimate ruler of Tawantinsuyu. As the Spaniards moved toward Cajamarca, he sent them a message indicating that he was now the sole ruler of his father's domain. Furthermore, he reminded the Spaniards that they were far from their base of supply and in a land controlled by his armies. The Spaniards replied to this veiled threat by indicating that they would come to his aid against any group that opposed his rule. Atahuallpa clearly wanted the Spaniards as allies but continually misinterpreted their intentions and underestimated their abilities—even after he was kidnapped in Cajamarca on November 16, 1532.

On 15 November, after a long, distressing journey and without opposition from the Indians, Pizarro entered the city of Caxamalca (now Caxamarca). Atahuallpa was invited into the camp of the Spaniards, the Indian prince presented himself accompanied by his bodyguard but unarmed. At a given signal, the Spaniards rushed upon the unsuspecting Indians, massacred them in the most horrible manner, and took possession of their king. Deprived of its leader the great army that was encamped near Caxamalca, not knowing what to do, retreated into the interior. As the price of his release the Inca monarch offered his captives gold enough to fill the room (22 x 17 feet) in which he was held captive.

Atahuallpa was allowed to meet with his advisers while the Spaniards held him prisoner, and he arranged to have the ransom they demanded paid. An enormous ransom was raised, but Pizarro did not free him because it would have been too dangerous for the Spaniards. While he was in prison, Atahuallpa decided that the Spaniards were indifferent to the idea of having his brother slain and ordered Huascar's death. The Spaniards, of course, wanted all pretenders to authority removed, but later used this act to justify their execution of the Inca ruler. Realizing that Atahuallpa's death was a mistake, because it weakened their position, they approved the coronation of Topa Huallpa, a candidate whom they thought would be acceptable to both Inca factions. But the Spaniards miscalculated. Topa Huallpa had not supported Atahuallpa and, in fact, had been in hiding as long as Atahuallpa was alive. He was supported by Huascar's group and was opposed by Atahuallpa's following, who believed that the legitimate heir was the deceased ruler's son in Lima. With this act, the Spaniards suddenly found themselves closely allied with Huascar's faction and were so viewed by both Inca groups.

Topa Huallpa died within a few months—poisoned, according to Huascar's supporters. At this point, the Spaniards reaffirmed their alliance with Huascar's following, placing Huascar's brother, Manco Inca, on the throne and assisting him in dispersing the remnants of Atahuallpa's army. Although Manco Capac was allowed to rule in Cuzco as a puppet monarch, Spanish abuses forced him to lead an unsuccessful revolt. By 1535 the Inca ruler realized that the Spaniards were more dangerous than any threat posed by the remnants of Atahuallpa's followers. the Inca were eventually driven into a remote mountainous area called Vilcabamba, where Manco Capac established an independent Inca state. There they remained for over thirty years. In 1572, the last of the Inca rulers, Túpac Amaru, was beheaded and Tawantinsuyu officially came to an end. Of course, these great battles were not really fought by the Spanish.

As with the tribes in Mesoamerica, the tribes of South America saw Pizarro and his army as a focal point to rally around, and free themselves from Inca tyranny. It would not be revealing to ask which tribes joined Pizarro, it would be more accurate to ask, which did not! One tribe, upon being faced with the brutal truth, actually tried to sue.

Pizarro had acquired a steadfast ally, the Wanka/Cañaris. It was in their territory Xauxa, that the Europeans established their first capital. Along with thousands of soldiers and bearers, the Canaris provided the newcomers with strategic information, plus the food and weapons stored in hundreds of warehouses built by the Inka and filled locally. In one region where the Inka had managed to cobble together some resistance, known as Huánuco, the Europeans had to call on Canaris troops to help them put down the rebellion. All this assistance provided the Europeans, was recorded with care on a khipu Kept by the Canaris lords. This record was first described by Cieza de León, some fifteen years after the invasion. Such bookkeeping later became evidence submitted at a trial initiated at the vice regal court at Lima, by one of the chief's, who in 1532 had opened the country to the Spanish troops of King Charles V. This indian man, titled don Francisco Cusichac, felt betrayed by the ill treatment of his people and the neglect of his own privileges.

Of course, the tribes soon learned that the Spaniards were not there to free anybody, they were there to plunder and loot. As soon as the Inca were destroyed, the Spanish then turned on the tribes, and one by one they were subdued. In the Americas, the lack of Native American metal artifacts is due to the fact that the spanish melted down and carried away, everything that they could find. After all the booty had been taken, the Spanish turned to farming and mining to generate wealth. The Indians were then enslaved to work the farms and mines. Here again: killing, slavery and disease due to overwork and malnutrition (Not European disease), wiped out much of the population.

 

Francisco Brandao Gomes: Activist for the independence of Brazil. After independence was proclaimed, he took the name "Ge Francisco Acayaba of Montezuma" the name thus incorporating all the elements that form the Brazilian nation, and a tribute to the Aztec Emperor Montezuma

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conquest of the Americas

Did it really come about because of a local Race War?

Click Here >>>

 

 

 

 

Debunking White Lies

The indigenous Black population of the Americas

 

 

 

The 2005 study, published by The National Academy of Sciences
Cranial morphology of early Americans from Lagoa Santa, Brazil:                                                                                         Implications for the settlement of the New World

by Walter A. Neves and Mark Hubbe
Laboratório de Estudos Evolutivos Humanos, Departamento de Genética e Biologia Evolutiva, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, 05508-090 São Paulo, Brazil.
Abstract

Comparative morphological studies of the earliest human skeletons of the New World have shown that, whereas late prehistoric, recent, and present Native Americans tend to exhibit a cranial morphology similar to late and modern Northern Asians (short and wide neurocrania; high, orthognatic and broad faces; and relatively high and narrow orbits and noses): the earliest South Americans tend to be more similar to present Australians, Melanesians, and Sub-Saharan Africans (narrow and long neurocrania; prognatic, low faces; and relatively low and broad orbits and noses).

 

Wiki - (sometimes Wiki is reasonably accurate)                                                                                                                           Slavery in the Spanish New World colonies

The enslavement of Africans in the Spanish Americas began in 1502 and was finally outlawed in 1716 in all colonies with the exceptions of Cuba and Puerto Rico, where it remained in a semi-legal state until it was finally abolished 1866 and 1863 respectively. Native slavery was prohibited during the first half of the sixteenth century, although some enslavement continued under the guise of just war. Most of the earliest black immigrants to the Americas were born in Spain and were not slaves, men such as Pedro Alonso Niño, a navigator who accompanied Christopher Columbus on his first voyage, and the black colonists who helped Nicolás de Ovando form the first Spanish settlement on Hispaniola in 1502. The name of Nuflo de Olano appears in the records as that of a black slave present when Vasco Núñez de Balboa sighted the Pacific Ocean in 1513. Other blacks served with Hernán Cortés when he conquered Mexico and with Francisco Pizarro when he marched into Peru.

Estevanico, one of the survivors of the unfortunate Narváez expedition from 1527 to 1536, was a black slave. With three other survivors, he spent six years traveling overland from Texas to Sinaloa and finally Mexico City, learning several Native American languages in the process. Later, while exploring what is now New Mexico for The Seven Cities of Gold, he lost his life in a dispute with the Zuñi. Juan Valiente, another black person, led Spaniards in a series of battles against the Araucanian people of Chile between 1540 and 1546. He was rewarded with an estate near Santiago and control of several Native American villages. José de Rodríguez was another prominent Black Spaniard who served as a buccaneer during the 17th century in the Caribbean waters at Spain's service. He was known for his brutality against British and Dutch prisoners.

In 1502 the Spanish monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella, granted permission to the colonists of the Caribbean to import African slaves. Opponents of their enslavement cited their weak Christian faith and their penchant for escaping to the mountains. Proponents declared that the rapid diminution of the Native American population required a consistent supply of reliable work hands, since the Spanish population at the time was far too low to carry out all the manual labour needed to assure the economic viability of the colonies as the first years of Spaniard presence in America were marked by a terrible outbreak of a tropical epidemic flu in the Caribbean that decimated the populations of local natives and Spaniard explorers. In 1518 the first shipment of African-born slaves was sent to the West Indies. The Spaniards, although purchasers of slaves, mostly from the Portuguese and the British, did not engage on slave trade on the African coast themselves, and the number of African slaves in their colonies was sensibly inferior to those of Portuguese or British.

 

Viceroyalty of New Granada census 1789

The Viceroyalty of New Granada, was a Spanish colonial jurisdiction in northern South America, corresponding mainly to modern Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. The territory corresponding to Panama was incorporated later in 1739. In addition to these core areas, the territory of the Viceroyalty of New Granada included Guyana, and parts of northwestern Brazil, northern Peru, Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

In the Americas, the largest number of African slaves were shipped to Brazil. However, in the Spanish viceroyalty of New Granada, the free Black population in 1789 was 420,000, whereas African slaves numbered only 20,000. Free Blacks also outnumbered slaves in Brazil. In Cuba, by contrast, free Blacks made up only 15% in 1827; and in Saint-Domingue it was a mere 5% in 1789. Some half-million slaves, most of them born in Africa, worked the booming plantations of Saint-Domingue (the Caribbean island of Hispaniola - Haiti and the Dominican Republic).

Note: The Spanish could only take a census of people in their settlements and the surrounding areas. The actual native population was of course much larger, the estimated native population of south America alone (pre-Columbus) was 44 million.

 

 

 

An interesting note here:

In those few times when Albino scholars and scientists DO present truthful and accurate history, especially regarding race: they try to limit it's availability to the general public. This paper, which is based on the 1789 census of the Viceroyalty of New Granada, while posted on the internet, has embedded security so that it cannot be copied. Here is a link to the pdf file.

http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/borra074.pdf

 

 

 

 

Reminder: The Viceroyalty of New Granada, was a Spanish colonial jurisdiction in northern South America, corresponding mainly to modern Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. The territory corresponding to Panama was incorporated later in 1739. In addition to these core areas, the territory of the Viceroyalty of New Granada included Guyana, and parts of northwestern Brazil, northern Peru, Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

Clearly, as indicated by the New Granada census, Latin American racial history is quite different from what the Albino people teach. As recently as 235 years ago, Blacks were the majority of the non-Albinos, who were a majority of the total population (49% + 6.2%). Yet today there is nowhere near that: what happened to them?

Please see the video:

Evidence for Black Genocide in Europe and the Americas

Medieval evidence indicates that there is millions of Black people missing from the current populations of Europe and the Americas. This video first proves their original existence: by scientific studies, historical documents, and artifacts. And then examines evidences of what may have happened to them.
Thus this video seeks to answer the question: Is there evidence of Black genocide?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ze0ITj0lihM

 

EXAMPLE:

Francisco Álvarez de Toledo (1515 - 1582) was the fifth Viceroy of Peru, he became viceroy of Peru in 1569. He was appointed viceroy by Philip II after serving as a steward in the royal court. A detailed census was taken describing the different ethnic groups and their economic status by viceroy Toledo during an extensive inspection tour of the colony, he traveled over 8,000 km in more than five years.

Túpac Amaru or Thupa Amaro (Quechua: Thupaq Amaru) (1545–1572) was the last indigenous monarch (Sapa Inca) of the Inca state in Peru. He was executed by Viceroy Toledo. The last census taken by the Inca themselves, indicated that there were 12 million inhabitants of Inca Peru; 45 years later, under viceroy Toledo, the census figures amounted to only 1,100,000 Inca.

 

Toledo's reforms had a huge negative effect on the Inca's lives:

Click here for a research paper on that subject: >>>

 

 

 

 

The reason for carefully detailing the facts about South America above, is in order to refute this typical White historical nonsense below.

 

Library of Congress (U.S.A.) Country Studies

The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress (USA), freely available for use by researchers. The Country Studies Series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world. The series examines the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by cultural factors. The books represent the analysis of the authors and should not be construed as an expression of an official United States Government position, policy, or decision. The authors have sought to adhere to accepted standards of scholarly objectivity.

Ecuador

Dennis M. Hanratty, ed. Ecuador: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1989.

http://countrystudies.us/ecuador/

 

Between 1544 and 1563, Ecuador was an integral part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, having no administrative status independent of Lima. It remained a part of the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1720, when it joined the newly created Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada; within the viceroyalty, however, Ecuador was awarded its own audiencia in 1563, allowing it to deal directly with Madrid on certain matters. The Quito Audiencia, which was both a court of justice and an advisory body to the viceroy, consisted of a president and several judges (oidores). The territory under the jurisdiction of Quito considerably exceeded that of present-day Ecuador, extending southward to the port of Paita in the north of present-day Peru, northward to the port of Buenaventura and the city of Cali in the south of present-day Colombia, and well out into the Amazon River Basin in the east. Quito was also the site of the first (founded in 1547) and most important municipal council within the area comprising modern-day Ecuador. It consisted of several councilmen (regidores) whose extensive responsibilities included the maintenance of public order and the distribution of land in the vicinity of the local community.

The borders of the Audiencia (or kingdom as it was also known) of Quito were poorly defined, and a great deal of its territory remained either unexplored or untamed throughout much of the colonial era. Only in the Sierra, and there only after a series of battles that raged throughout the mid-sixteenth century, was the native population fully subjugated by the Spanish. The jungle lowlands in both the Oriente and the coastal region of Esmeraldas were, in contrast, refuges for an estimated one-quarter of the total native population that remained recalcitrant and unconquered throughout most or all of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Despite Orellana's harrowing journey of discovery, the Oriente remained terra incognita to the Spanish until its settlement by Jesuit missionaries beginning in the mid-seventeenth century, and it continued to be largely inaccessible throughout the remainder of the colonial period.

The coastal lowlands north of Manta were conquered, not by the Spanish, but by blacks from the Guinean coast who, as slaves, were shipwrecked en route from Panama to Peru in 1570. The blacks killed or enslaved the native males and married the females, and within a generation they constituted a population of zambos (mixed black and Indian) that resisted Spanish authority until the end of the century and afterwards managed to retain a great deal of political and cultural independence.

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Coming from so august a body as the U.S. Congress, Mr. Hanratty's nonsense is widely held as truth, and is widely quoted. It is an indisputable fact that the great majority of White authors seek to portray all Blacks in the Americas as being brought to those shores as Slaves. There is disagreement as to why that is: some say it's as if Whites had a genetic pre-disposition to do so. Others say their lies represent their hopes, still others say it's just a deep seated need to bolster themselves by denigrating Blacks, others say it's just normal White degeneracy. Whatever their reasons: Mr. Hanratty's nonsense is eagerly seized upon by most Whites, and is most vilely used to misidentify this first painting that we have of native Black Americans.

 

 

No doubt using Mr. Hanratty's nonsense history: this painting of indigenous native Black Americans, is often titled and described, as depicting Mulattoes or Zambos/Sambos of Esmeraldas - in conformity with Mr. Hanratty's nonsense history.

Please note this White nonsense accompanying the Inca Nobleman painting above.

Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe
An exhibition at the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, MD
October 14, 2012–January 21, 2013. Open Wed.-Sun., 10a.m.-5p.m.

(fig. 17), executed as a European "likeness" by an Ecuadorian painter and sent to the Spanish king by Don Francisco de la Robe, headman of a community in Ecuador founded by escaped slaves. It represents Don Francisco and his sons in European-style dress, adorned with striking gold ornament, traditional, local markers of status.

 

 

 

Let us now debunk these pathetic, degenerate, Albino lies!

 

To do that, we will use the latest and greatest tool available to researchers today - Voyages - the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database with information on almost 36,000 slaving voyages. Created by Emory University, in Partnership with - National Endowment for the Humanities, Hutchins Center for African and African American Research (Harvard University), The University of Hull (UK), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand).

 

 

The ships destination is the last column on the right: Please note that NONE, ZERO, NADA, Spanish Slave Ships, were ever lost anywhere near Peru or Ecuador during Slavery times!

 

FURTHER!

 

 

Please note that for the entire Slavery period, the Spanish landed only 263 Africans in Peru and none in Ecuador. Today there are millions of Blacks in Ecuador and Peru who were probably taught these same lies by Albinos and Ignorant, Dumb-Assed, Stockholm Syndromed - Negroes So Stupid as To Teach Every Lie the Albinos Teach Them, To Trusting Black People who don't know any better!

 

 

 

 

 

 

Once the Albinos "hook" onto what they consider a "good lie": Everyone piles on, and adds their own embellishments. Note the nonsense in this book by Kris Lane.

 

 

 

 

Because the plaque in the top right-hand corner is impossible to read with the naked eye, some Albinos claim that the Inca are referred to as "Mulatos/Zambos de Esmeraldas by Adrián Sánchez Galque, 1599" on the plaque.

 

Please feel free to Google that term, you will find that Albino Universities and Museums all over the world use and embellish this fraud on history.

 

 

 

Actually what the plaque says is:

"Philippo 3 Catholico Regi Hispaniar
Indiar q dn o suo
doctor Johanes del Barrio a Sepulveda auditor
sue Cancelleriae del Quito
suis expensis fieri curavit Anno 1599"

 

Translated means: The painting is dedicated to king Philip III of Spain (Reign - 13 September 1598 – 31 March 1621), and it was commissioned and paid for by the Judge of Quinto: "Doctor Joannes A Sepulveda" in 1599.

 

 

 

For those familiar with actual history, we are often amazed at just how really stupid Albino historical lies are - Fantasy really.

So then, a runaway slave with his Indian bride escape into a foreign country that neither of them knows anything about. At a time when strangers were likely to be attacked or enslaved. This escaped slave reappears 22 years later, as a wealthy nobleman of the Inca empire, with two Black sons who show no sign of Zambohood (Black/Indian Mulatto).

 

THIS IS WHAT ZAMBO'S ACTUALLY LOOK LIKE!

 

 

DOES EITHER OF DEROBE'S SONS LOOK LIKE THIS?

 

 

 

One of the reasons that the Albinos feel so comfortable in telling such stupid historical lies, is because they know that the world has been carefully conditioned by them to believe that Blacks were always either Slaves or Servants in Europe, and all over the world for that matter. They have even been so successful that many Blacks believe that Blacks were Slaves and nothing else. In truth, Blacks, Albinos, and everyone else were enslaved. And the Albinos grudge against Blacks goes well before, and beyond that.

 

This painting provides a truer picture of what "Medieval Europe" actually looked like. Note that Blacks were the Ruler/Royalty.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It is the Black artist and sculptor Michelangelo, who shows us what a "Slave" really looked like in past times.

Not surprisingly, it is completely opposite to what the Albino people say.

 

 

 

Wiki: The Dying Slave is a sculpture by the Italian Renaissance artist Michelangelo. Created between 1513 and 1515, it was to serve with another figure, the Rebellious Slave, at the tomb of Pope Julius II. It is a marble figure 2.15 metres (7' 4") in height, and is held at the Louvre, Paris.

 

 

 

 

 

Suriname (formerly Dutch Guiana)

 

The Dutch captured the British colony of Suriname (formerly Dutch Guiana) during the Second Anglo-Dutch War(1667), and under the WIC it was developed as a plantation slave society. It was a primary destination for the Dutch slave trade, yet unusually it never experienced a general slave rebellion. The regime was one of extreme and deliberate brutality, even by the standards of the time. Mortality was so high that although 300,000 slaves were imported between 1668 and 1823, the ravaged population was never able to grow beyond a figure of 50,000. 'Maroonage' emerged as the main method of resistence.

 

 

 

 

As most of the land was given to the production of sugar cane, The Dutch relied on African slaves. As the country is mostly rain forest, escape was not difficult. Many Africans escaped virtually off the boat. With the help of the Black native populations they were able to create their own villages and form independent ‘tribes’. Among the various tribes in Suriname are the Saramaka, Paramaka, Ndyuka, Kwinti, Aluka and Matawai (ethnicity unclear). These ‘Maroons’ as they were called by the Spanish, raided plantations, freed more slaves, and killed many planters.

 

 

 

 

Unable to militarily defeat them, the Dutch formed treaties which gave the Maroons sovereign status over the land they occupied and various trading rights. In 1760 the Treaty of Ouca guaranteed the autonomy of these Maroons. They were the first peoples of the Americas to gain independence from colonial control. Slavery was officially abolished in 1863 but it wasn’t until 1873 the slaves were released after a ten year transition period. As soon as they gained their freedom, the ex-slaves left the plantation for the city of Paramaribo. The various tribes continue to live in Suriname as they have for hundreds of years.

The Scottish-Dutch soldier John Gabriel Stedman witnessed the oppression of the slaves during a campaign against the maroons in 1774. His book a Narrative of a Five Years Expedition Against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam, with vivid illustrations by William Blake and Francesco Bartolozzi was taken to heart by abolitionists.

 

Click here for a Blow-up of this image:>>>

 

Note; care must be taken when deciding who (ethnically) a particular group was. As seen below, Black Native American peoples were part of the mix, and as we know Albinos love to falsely teach that the only Blacks in the Americas were African Slaves. We are thinking particularly of the Maroons, could that many African Slaves really have escaped? Or is that a clever cover for the existence of the Black native Americans, who the Albino historians claim didn't exist?

 

 

 

 

 

 

The large indigenous Black population of the Americas was destroyed by murder and disease due to overwork and malnutrition (Not European disease) just like the Amerindian population. However, whereas Blacks were originally the most numerous people in the Americas, today their population is inferior to that of the Mongol extract native Americans. Some thoughts on why that is, are explored here:

 

An interesting comparison of White accounts of the Aztec and Inca wars.    Click Here >>>

 

 

 

Casta Paintings

Casta is an Iberian word (existing in Spanish, Portuguese and other Iberian languages since the Middle Ages), meaning lineage, breed, or race, to describe as a whole, the mixed-race people which appeared in the post-Conquest period. The social composition of Mexico during the eighteenth century was based on the existence of various castas or castes. Click here for examples of Casta Paintings >>>

 

 

 

 

The American Genocide

Here are some interesting numbers.

At the time of Columbus’s landing in the America’s in 1492, the population of the Hemisphere was approximately 100 million people.

Six million (6) in the Caribbean, ten million (10) in the United States and Canada, forty million (40) in Mexico and Central America, forty four (44) million in South America.

By 1650 the Indian population of the Caribbean, Mexico-Central America and South America, was approximately fifteen (15) million people total. Today the Amerindian population of the Caribbean is all but extinct. By 1906 the Indian population of the United States and Canada was only one (1) million people.

Systematic killings for their land and goods, being killed through the overwork and malnutrition of Slavery, and the use of disease as a biological weapon, where indigenous Americans were purposefully infected with Smallpox and other such diseases, (the Albinos would give the Blankets and clothing of Europeans killed by diseases like Smallpox and Measles to impoverished indigenous Americans, whose immune systems were already weak because of overwork and malnutrition): these methods killed almost nine (9) of every ten (10) people.

However, the story later generations of American Albinos tell to cover up the atrocities committed in the Americas, is just plain stupid. That is the ridiculous assertion that indigenous Americans were wiped-out by "European Diseases" that they had no immunity for. And it is a testament to Albino collusion that never has any Albino medical professional come forward and said the truth: initially NO ONE has immunity from a disease. Immunity is developed only AFTER you have gotten, and SURVIVED, a particular disease.

Thus, ANYONE from ANYWHERE, if they have not had Measles or a Measles vaccine, they WILL get sick if exposed to the Measles virus - Ditto Smallpox and all other diseases. And just as these diseases killed SOME EUROPEANS, they would of course also kill SOME indigenous Americans, OR Africans, OR Australians, OR Asians, OR Pacificans, OR MARTIANS!

But since those diseases did not kill off 80-90% of the European population, or 80-90% of the African population, or 80-90% of the Australian population, or 80-90% of the the Asian population, or 80-90% of the Pacifican population: We can confidently conclude that the claim that those diseases killed off 80-90% of the indigenous American population is a vile Albino lie, contrived to cover up the brutal murder of millions of people.

 

And oh, by the way, as it turns out, Blacks have the LEAST susceptibility to disease of all Humans.

So clearly, the diseases killed the original Americans story, was just one of many Albino lies!

 

 

 

In his Study; Genes, Peoples, and Languages: Cavalli-Sforza sets the number at 95% dead.

However, it is a true indication of Albino degeneracy, how causally the murder and death of 95 million souls is mentioned.

 

 

 

But more to the point: Do you really believe that the many hundred of millions of Black and Brown people of the Americas is descended from just 5 million original survivors and 11 million or so African slaves? Clearly Albino history is pure lie and obfuscation. The Special Subject Page: "Who are Americas Black People?" does an analysis and count, of all the countries in the Americas. The results clearly show who Americas Blacks and Browns actually are.

Click here for the page >>

 

 

 

SCIENCE PROVES THE LIE!

 

But for those still clinging to the Albinos fabrications, here is the scientific data which proves that "Native Americans" were NOT killed off by disease!

A diseases ability to infect humans is tempered by each individuals body chemistry, that limiting effect is quantified by the diseases R0 (as a percent).

 

 

Polio has historically been one of the most feared diseases in history:

YET 95% OF THE PEOPLE INFECTED WITH POLIO NEVER "GET" POLIO!

 

 

EXAMPLES

 

 

 

 

 

Please note: Smallpox is often falsely cited as the disease that killed the majority of Native Americans.

LIKE POLIO, 95% OF THE PEOPLE INFECTED NEVER GOT THE DISEASE!

 

 

The saying goes "A little knowledge can be a dangerous thing."

Naturally - this information does not mean the people can be careless in the face of infectious disease:

it could cost you your life.

 

 

 

The Albino people go to great lengths to claim that Blacks in the Americas arrived as African Slaves. However, the fact that Blacks were the original settlers of the Americas, and the creators of the great civilizations of the Americas, is easily proved by the results of current scientific studies, and an analysis of pre-colombian artifacts. The in-progress paper: The Americas - Deconstructing Albino myth to attain a truthful understanding: organizes what we currently know as fact, and lists what information is still needed for a complete picture of past American demographics.

 

Click here for link >>>

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brazil

 

 

 

 

Brazil was the last country in the Western world to abolish slavery. By the time it was abolished, in 1888, an estimated four million slaves had been imported from Africa to Brazil, 40% of the total number of slaves brought to the Americas.

{Like all Albino/near-White mulatto dominated countries, Brazil is very careful with what kind of population statistics it publishes. Thus it is not possible to determine what portion of Brazils Black population is African, and what portion is Native American. Of course like all Albino/near-White mulatto dominated countries, Brazil teaches all Blacks that they are the descendants of African Slaves}.

Albino/near-White mulatto Brazilians make up 49.73% of Brazil's population, or around 91 million people, according to the 2010 Census. Brazil has the third largest white (European-descended) population in the world, after the United States and Russia.

But Brazil also has the largest black population outside Africa. It is estimated that about half of the country’s population is of African ancestry, and yet, Blacks are almost totally absent from positions of power.

An important factor about whiteness in Brazil is the racial stigma of being Amerindian or black, which is undesirable and avoided for a large part of the population. Scientific racism largely influenced race relations in Brazil since the late 19th century. The predominant nonwhite, mostly Afro-Brazilian population was seen as a problem for Brazil in the eyes of the predominantly White elite of the country. In Brazil, miscegenation was always legal, what was expected was that miscegenation would eventually turn all Brazilians into Whites.

As a result of that desire of whitening its own population, the Brazilian ruling classes encouraged the arrival of massive European immigration to the country. In just the 1890s alone, 1.2 million European immigrants were added to the country's 5 million whites.

However, Blacks and Asians were excluded.

Text of a decree-law 1945, repealed only in the 1980s:

Section 1 - Any foreigner may enter Brazil if it satisfies the conditions laid down by the law. Article 2 - Attending will, on admission of immigrants, the need to preserve and develop the ethnic composition of the population, the most convenient features of their European ancestry, as well as the defense of the national worker."

Even though expectations of the Brazilian elite to whiten its own population through European immigration eventually came to an end, the whitening ideology still influences racial relations in Brazil today. In general, the population still expects that blacks must biologically whiten themselves by marriage with lighter skinned people, or culturally through the assimilation of the traditions of the dominant white population.

 

THIS IS WHAT THE ALBINOS OF BRAZIL WANT.

 

 

Harold George "Harry" Belafonte, Jr. (born March 1, 1927) is an American singer, songwriter, actor and social activist. He was dubbed the "King of Calypso" for popularizing the Caribbean musical style with an international audience in the 1950s. Born Harold George Bellanfanti, Jr. at Lying-in Hospital in Harlem, New York: Belafonte was the son of Melvine (née Love) – a housekeeper of Jamaican descent – and Harold George Bellanfanti, Sr., a Martiniquan.
 

 

 

 

INSTEAD, THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED!

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death to undesirables: Brazil's murder capital: Killing squads are hiring police officers to 'cleanse' a city of petty criminals, reports Evan Williams from Recife. "It's a perverse kind of killing," said Mr Machado. "I call it social cleansing because the people being killed are normally black, they're poor and they're from the slums that surround the city. They have become what I call 'the killables'."

 

 

 

Brazils Black population undoubtedly has the numerical strength to effect change. But just as certainly, they lack the strength-of-will to do so. Apparently they have accepted the Albino point-of-view, and are more-or-less, content with their circumstance - which is of course, their right to do.

 

 

 

 

Were Whites a part of the ancient American population?

 

Earlier we had deplored certain "unseemly" behaviors by some White scientist, researchers and academic's. One reason - other than the obvious - is because those behaviors tend to obscure science. A perfect example is with Huayna Cápac, we had earlier established that Caucasians were probably one part of the "Clovis" migration across the Bering straits. This theory was further strengthened by the discovery of Scythian mummies in Mongolia. What all this means, is that it is entirely possible that some members of the Inca nation, could have been Albinos. But because of those unseemly behaviors, we can't be sure if this 500 year-old description of Huayna Cápac is accurate, or just an embellishment by some poor misguided Albino person, with unhealthy racial issues.  

The depictions of Caucasian looking Amerindians by early 19th century painters, only adds to the mystery. We know that Whites often demonstrate a kind of psychosis when dealing with historical fact. Their need and desire to be included in everything, everywhere, has often led them to fabricate artifacts, which depict White people in places and at times that they did not exist. This psychotic need to show themselves as all of the worlds great people, has led them to depict themselves as everything from Jesus Christ to Attila the Hun. An excellent example is the French-Brazilian painter Antoine Hercule Romuald Florence (1804–1879) known as Hercule Florence. This man seemed to have a psychotic need to depict all people with Albino features and coloring.

Update: The above was written many years ago when data was still scarce. Today we know that original Americans did NOT come across the Bering Straits; and the obvious Caucasian look of North American Indians is due simply to the fact that they are the Mulattoes of Black and Mongol Native Americans and Albino “Frontiersmen”.

That fact gives us a clue as to how different real history is from the lies of Albinos. Consider the situation where an Albino invader can venture out into the American hinterland “ALONE”. He can pick out a plot of land he likes, clear it, farm it, and then when he gets lonely, he can take a Native American Wife. Forget the lies of Albinos, for the most part they were welcomed by Native Americans, and it was that trust that allowed Albinos to Murder Native Americans wholesale. And by the time Native Americans understood what degenerate Thieves and Murderers Albinos were, it was too late for them to save themselves. Estimates are that Hemisphere-wide, 80-90 million were killed. See results of a new study refuting the "Clovis" theory at the bottom of this linked page. Click here: >>

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The White looking Kaingang Indians (spelled caingangue in Portuguese) as painted by Defret or Rugendas

 

 

Young Uyghur Boy

The Uyghur people are a Turkic ethnic group living in Eastern and Central Asia. They are the last White tribe remaining in the White mans ancestral home. Today Uyghurs live primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China. An estimated 80% of Xinjiang's Uyghurs live in the southwestern portion of the region, the Tarim Basin - famous for the ancient White Tarim mummies. Today few Uyghurs are pure White, due to admixture with Mongols.

 

 

Modern Kaingang Indian girl with White and Mongol features.
Young Uyghur woman with White and Mongol features.

 

 

Typical Amerindian girls with Mongol features.

 

 

 

According to the Wiki "Afro-Brazilian:"

Brazilians rarely use the American-style phrase "African Brazilian" to categorize themselves, and never in informal discourse: the IBGE's July 1998 PME shows that, of Black Brazilians, only about 10% consider themselves of "African origin"; most of them identify as having a "Brazilian origin". In the July 1998 PME, the categories "Afro-Brasileiro" (Afro-Brazilian) and "Africano Brasileiro" (African Brazilian) weren't used even once; the category "Africano" (African) was used by 0.004% of the respondents. In the 1976 PNAD, none of these were used even once.

Some may think that sentiment is because Black Brazilians want to distance themselves from the perceived backwardness of Africa. But perhaps they know their actual history better than everyone else. We are told that Black Brazilians are due to four million African Slaves being imported over several hundred years. But who told us that? Well it was the same Albino People who told us all the other Historical lies. We know for sure that the Americas had very large populations of PaleoAmericans (Black Americans), they were in fact the Original settlers of the Americas, and everywhere else too. So is it such a stretch to believe that the Albinos also lied about how many Africans were imported into Brazil?

 

 

 

 

 

Magellan's voyage around the world

 

Ferdinand Magellan (1480 - 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organized the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, which was completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano after Magellan's death in 1521. Magellan was selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands"). Commanding a fleet of five vessels, he headed south through the Atlantic Ocean to Patagonia, passing through the Strait of Magellan into a body of water he named the "peaceful sea" (the modern Pacific Ocean). Magellan did not complete the entire voyage, as he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines in 1521. Magellan was succeeded by Juan Sebastián Elcano as commander of the expedition.

 

 

 

 

 

Magellan's voyage around the world by ANTONIO PIGAFETTA

After we had passed the equinoctial line going south, we lost the north star, and hence we sailed south south-west until [we reached] a land called the land of Verzin which lies in 23.54 degrees of the Antarctic Pole. It is the land extending from the cape of Santo Augustino, which lies in 8 degrees of the same pole. {Cabo de Santo Agostinho (Cape of Saint Augustine) is 35 km south of the city of Recife, state of Pernambuco, Brazil, the most easterly (closest to Africa) point of Brazil}. That land of Verzin is wealthier and larger than Spagnia, Fransa, and Italia put together, and belongs to the king of Portugalo. The people of that land are not Christians, and have no manner of worship. They live according to the dictates of nature, and reach an age of one hundred and twenty-five and one hundred and forty years. They go naked, both men and women. They live in certain long houses which they call boii and sleep in cotton hammocks called amache, which are fastened in those houses by each end to large beams. A fire is built on the ground under those hammocks. In each one of those boii, there are one hundred men with their wives and children, and they make a great racket. They have boats called canoes made of one single huge tree, hollowed out by the use of stone hatchets. Those people employ stones as we do iron, as they have no iron. Thirty or forty men occupy one of those boats. They paddle with blades like the shovels of a furnace, and thus, black, naked, and shaven, they resemble, when paddling, the inhabitants of the Stygian marsh. Men and women are as well-proportioned as we. They eat the human flesh of their enemies, not because it is good, but because it is a certain established custom.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jean-Baptiste Debret (April 18, 1768 – June 28, 1848) was a French painter. He traveled to Brazil in March 1816 as a member of the so-called French Artistic Mission, a group of bonapartist French artists and artisans bound to creating in Rio de Janeiro an arts and crafts lyceum (Escola Real de Artes e Ofícios) under the auspices of King D. João VI and the Conde da Barca, which later became the Academia Imperial de Belas-Artes (Imperial Academy of Fine Arts) under Emperor Dom Pedro I. He established his atelier at the Imperial Academy in December 1822 and became a valued teacher in 1826.

He corresponded frequently with his brother in Paris. Noticing his brother's interest in his depiction of everyday life in Brazil, he started to sketch street scenes, local costumes and relations of the Brazilians in the period between 1816 and 1831. He took a particular interest in slavery of blacks, and in the indigenous peoples of Brazil. Together with the German painter Johann Moritz Rugendas (1802-1858) (in Brazil 1821 - 1825), his work is one of the most important graphic documentation of life in Brazil during the early decades of the 19th century.

 

 

Native South Americans (1816 - 1831)

PaleoAmericans and the Mongol type people (Indians)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From the picture above: Apparently the rather gross custom of Lip Plating is very ancient, and far ranging. It is not known if the Amerindian developed this custom independently in Asia, or if they learned it from the Africans/Australians/Polynesians they found in the Americas when they arrived there.

 

 

Note: Polynesian is a term that the Albino people have applied to Pacificans/Austronesians who have significant "White Mongol/European" admixture. They reserve the term Melanesian for the original "Pure Black" Pacificans/Austronesians who have resisted admixture.

 

 

 

Modern African with Lip Plate
Modern Amerindian with Lip Plate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Free Blacks and Slaves

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is the End

of our Presentation, we hope you enjoyed it.

 

Please visit the "Additional Material Area" for many more photographs of each civilization, and related material <Click>

 

 

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