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The Phantom First African Slaves in the United States

 

Publications like this one, and others: publicizing the fact that Blacks in the Americas are mostly descendents of Black Paleoamericans and Black Europeans, is causing the Albino people to modify their false history so as to try and stay ahead of the game. And as the Albino people keep moving their false history, we will try to keep up by debunking it, just like we debunked their first version.

 

HERE ARE SOME BEFORE AND AFTER EXAMPLES.

About.com

The Arrival of the First Slaves

Historians normally date the start of slavery in the North American colonies to 1619. That year, a Dutch ship carrying African slaves docked at Point Comfort, which served as Jamestown's checkpoint for ships wanting to trade with the colonists. The crew of the Dutch ship was starving, and as John Rolfe noted in a letter to the Virginia Company's treasurer Edwin Sandys, the Dutch traded 20 African slaves for food and supplies.

http://afroamhistory.about.com/od/slavery/a/The-Start-Of-Slavery-In-North-America.htm

University of California at Berkeley

First Slaves

In 1619, a Dutch ship, the White Lion, captured 20 Enslaved Africans in a battle with a Spanish ship. They landed at Jamestown, Virginia for repairs from the battle. For food and supplies, the Dutch traded the enslaved Africans to the Colonials as indentured servants.

https://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~arihuang/academic/abg/slavery/history.html

PBS - Educational Broadcasting Corporation

1619 - At Jamestown, Virginia, approximately 20 captive Africans are sold into slavery in the British North American colonies.

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/1619.html

 

Also from PBS - Educational Broadcasting Corporation

It is late summer. Out of a violent storm appears a Dutch ship. The ship's cargo hold is empty except for twenty or so Africans whom the captain and his crew have recently robbed from a Spanish ship. The captain exchanges the Africans for food, then sets sail.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p263.html

 

Wikipedia

Slavery in the colonial United States

The first recorded Africans in British North America (including most of the future United States) were "20 and odd negroes" who came to Jamestown, Virginia via Cape Comfort (southeastern Virginia) in August 1619 as indentured servants. As English settlers died from harsh conditions, more and more Africans were brought to work as laborers. Typically, young men or women would sign a contract of indenture in exchange for transportation to the New World. The landowner received 50 acres of land from the state (headrights) for each servant purchased (around £6 per person [equivalent to 9 months income in the 17th century]) from a ships captain. An indentured servant (who could be white or black) would work for several years (usually four to seven) without wages. The status of indentured servants in early Virginia and Maryland was similar to slavery. Servants could be bought, sold, or leased and they could be physically beaten for disobedience or running away. Unlike slaves, they were freed after their term of service expired or was bought out, their children did not inherit their status, and on their release from contract they received "a year's provision of corn, double apparel, tools necessary" and a small cash payment called "freedom dues".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_the_colonial_United_States

Wikipedia - African American

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_American

(Both pages and probably others have this same nonsense).

RELATED:

Barbados:

Pedro a Campos gave the island the name "Os Barbados" when the Portuguese stopped by in 1536 en-route to Brazil, but choosing not to stay, left wild pigs behind that greeted the first British colonizers. It is believed that "Os Barbados" was derived from the Iberians' fascination with the hanging, aerial roots of the Bearded Fig Tree (A Ficus), which resembled a long, thick beard. "Barba" translates as"beard" and "barba-dos" translates as the "bearded ones", hence "Barbados." Another viewpoint points out that the reference was not to any trees on the island but to actual bearded men who may have been earlier Afrikan explorers, or their offspring through unions with the Amerindians.

It was not until May 14, 1625 that a ship stopped on the island as a result of the navigational blunders of Captain John Henry Powell, and after confirming that it was deserted, returned to England to formalize a plan to introduce a permanent settlement on the island. Two years later on February 17, 1627, a British ship carrying 10 African slaves and over 80 British colonists landed at a site called Jamestown now Holetown to claim the island in the name of king James 1st. This settlement was funded by Sir William Courteen, a London merchant who owned the title to Barbados and other unclaimed islands.

This piece on Barbados was included because these lying Albinos in the Wiki piece are trying to suggest that the British settlers were of too sensitive a nature to have actually used Slaves, so they converted them to Indentures. The Barbados piece proves that is a lie.

Since the Dutch were chosen to be the convenient villains in this Bogus history, let us investigate the Dutch Slave trade. (Because all Albino sources lie about something or other as regards to race, it is important to identify and use pieces from many sources).

THE DUTCH SLAVE TRADE

The Dutch-Portuguese Wars

Between 1620 and 1655 the Netherlands and Portugal were at war, a struggle that became increasingly dictated by the needs of the slave trade. The Dutch were late comers to Africa, and their attempts to establish trading posts inevitably led to confrontation with the Portuguese. The Dutch were initially chasing African gold, but after they captured the sugar plantations in northern Brazil, they turned to slavery to help realise its full potential. Plans made to conquer the Portugeuse headquarters on the gold coast, São Jorge da Mina, to ensure a steady flow of slaves, were successful and it fell in 1637. The newly renamed Elmina, proved disappointing, but it drove them on to Angola, and the island depot of São Tomé, and gave Dutch slavers a taste of the profit had at the expense of human beings. When Brazil fell in 1654 the trade continued at a pace, with colonies like Curacou emerging as vast slave markets open to the whole Caribbean.

http://old.antislavery.org/breakingthesilence/slave_routes/slave_routes_netherlands.shtml

The Dutch Slave Trade (Book)

The Dutch bought their slaves in West Africa and the Congo/Angola region, and they bought them on the open market. This could be a slow business. In the eighteenth century it took about five to seven months cruising off the coast of Africa before a full cargo could be obtained, and although traders had their preferences they usually had to take what they could get. With regard to the conditions on the ships during the crossing of the Atlantic, Emmer stresses that high rates of mortality were not a consequence of deliberate inhumanity, but rather of disease, ignorance, and overcrowding. There was no profit in dead slaves, but disease came aboard with the slaves and flourished in the cramped conditions in which the slaves were forced to live. A major problem seems to have been the lack of sufficient drinking water—in the hot conditions of the slave-holds the slaves suffered severe dehydration as far less water was available than they needed. It was not cruelty that kept rates of mortality aboard the slave ships high but a combination of ignorance of its causes together with an inability to treat tropical—indeed any—diseases effectively. However, the Dutch did lag behind when the English, in the late-eighteenth century, began to improve conditions on their slave ships by better ventilation of the slave holds. If there was inhumanity involved, it was of a much more general nature and not especially directed at slaves. The rates of mortality among the crews of slave ships were also high, as they were for the crews of the Dutch East India Company ships on the long voyage to Java. Emmer notes that a particular problem for Dutch slave ships was the difficulty of finding ships’ surgeons with experience of the slave trade and its problems, as more than half of them died on their first voyage.

The slaves were mostly taken to the West Indies or Surinam and Emmer gives a brief account of their treatment on arrival and the conditions of life on the plantations where most of them were sent. One problem he considers is the relative reproductive failure of slaves in the Dutch West Indies and Surinam, which meant that a constant supply of slaves was required to satisfy the needs of the plantation economy. The chief reason for this seems to have been a constant high mortality rate caused by the continual importation of West African diseases along with the slaves. (Emmer points out that mortality among Europeans in the West Indies was even higher than that of the slaves.) The effects of this unhealthy environment were compounded by the low ratio of female to male slaves, so the birth rate was never able to exceed the death rate.

http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/545

 

 

 

As any historical source will tell you, the Dutch destination was Suriname (Close to Brazil in South America) and the Dutch Antilles (In the Caribbean), and the Portuguese destination was Brazil. So how could a Dutch Slave Ship or a Portuguese Slave ship, or any ship, wind up Thousands of miles away in Virginia, North America: when the route from Africa to South America is short and direct? (Reference the map above). Point being, it would be IMPOSSIBLE for a Ship to be blown that far off course. And of course, a ship coming from Europe would NOT have African Slaves aboard, as it would be carrying goods to trade for Slaves. Not to mention the fact that the Dutch slave trade didn't really start until 1637 (see the entry above).

"But for every weakness in the Albino lie, another Albino has a Plug."

The Dutch and slavery in New Netherlands

Were the Dutch the first ones?
According to many American history books, the Dutch were the first to bring enslaved Africans to the shores of Virginia in 1619. John Rolfe, resident of Jamestown, noted in his diary that about twenty black people had been brought to the settlement in a Dutch man-of-war. John Pory describes the same event in a letter. As a result, some people now pin the responsibility for this act on the Dutch navy. This is impossible, however, for the simple reason that there was no Dutch navy at that time.

The ship by which the unfortunate Africans came to America was in all probability the Trier, a pirate ship from Vlissingen. The Trier and the English pirate ship the Treasurer had overtaken the Portuguese slave ship the Sao Joa Bautista, which was on its way from Angola to South America. Both ships plundered the Portuguese ship and then sped on to Jamestown to sell their human booty. The Dutch ship was just a bit faster than the English.

http://www.geheugenvannederland.nl/hgvn/webroot/files/File/extra/atlanticworld/atlanticworld1EN/tentoon3.html

 

Do you see how they keep alternating between Black Servants, Black Slaves, and just plain Blacks?

That's because when you are making up lies to fit ever-changing discoveries, it's hard to stay on point.

 

But central to Albino "lie-history" is that Black = Slave, and Black = African.

 

Pause for a few common-sense observations:

The Africans transported to the Americas could not have been Indentured Servants, simply because they were NOT voluntary (as is an Indentured). Africans did not voluntarily come to the Americas to work off their passage to the Americas, as did destitute or Expelled Europeans. THEY THEMSELVES WERE PAID FOR - Exclusive of the cost of transportation!!!!

So by the time an African reached the Americas, his cost/value was the Ships and Crew costs to come to Africa, the cost of them spending time waiting in Africa, the high cost actually paid for them by the Ships captain, and the cost of transporting them to the Americas.
Now then, which idiot could seriously claim that these very expensive African Slaves could possibly be made into indentures who would be set free after seven years? As you can see, once you start breaking down the Albino lies, none of it makes any sense - it is PURE LIE!!!

THERE IS MORE!!!

From Virtual Jamestown:

{Jamestown and the Virginia Experiment

The Virtual Jamestown Archive is a digital research, teaching and learning project that explores the legacies of the Jamestown settlement and "the Virginia experiment." As a work in progress, Virtual Jamestown aims to shape the national dialogue on the occasion of the four hundred-year anniversary observance in 2007 of the founding of the Jamestown colony.}

1619
July 30: Virginia House of Burgesses meets for first time.
July 30-August 4: The General Assembly meets in the choir of the Jamestown church; its first law requires tobacco to be sold for at least three shillings per pound.
August: Twenty blacks are purchased from a passing Portuguese slave ship bound from Luanda, Angola, to Vera Cruz. They may not have been the first, since some 32 Africans were noted five months earlier in a Virginia census of 1619. Ninety young women are transported to Virginia to make wives for former tenants; the Virginia Company prices them at "one hundredth and fiftie [pounds] of the best leafe Tobacco".

http://www.virtualjamestown.org/timeline2.html

 

As we have seen, the Albinos are falling all over themselves,

alternating between African Slaves and African Indentures,

But NEVER a Black American or Black European in their lying racist history.

 

So how can we be sure that OUR history is correct?

BECAUSE THE FIRST MENTION OF A SLAVE IN VIRGINIA, IS IN DOCUMENTS FROM THE 1690s - NO EARLIER!

 

ARTICLE:

Long-lost identities of slaves uncovered in old Virginia papers.

A historical society in Virginia, has discovered the identities of 3,200 slaves from unpublished private documents, providing new information for today's descendants in a first-of-its-kind online database, society officials say.

Many of the slaves had been forgotten to the world until the Virginia Historical Society received a $100,000 grant to pore over some of its 8 million unpublished manuscripts -- letters, diaries, ledgers, books and farm documents from Virginians dating to the 1600s -- and began discovering the long-lost identities of the slaves, said society president and CEO Paul Levengood

Guide to African American Manuscripts
Introduction

As Great Britain's largest and wealthiest North American colony, and later as the state with the largest slave and free black population before the Civil War, Virginia long occupied center stage in America's turbulent history of bondage, freedom, and the quest for racial equality. For four centuries the lives and careers of African Americans in the Old Dominion have figured intimately in the shaping of state, regional, and national history.

The full assessment and acknowledgment of that participation, however, have only recently begun to take place. Increased accessibility to various records of African American life that survive in archival repositories has proven essential in fostering this modern historical reevaluation.

The Virginia Historical Society began collecting manuscript records of the commonwealth's past at the institution's founding in 1831. Over the years, a major collection of documentary materials has been compiled, the great bulk of which is concentrated on the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Within these records, much evidence of the lives and contributions of African Americans both free and enslaved.

The society's holdings of African American materials consist largely of the records of slaves and slavery in the Old Dominion. Other materials concern the African colonization movement, freedmen and women in the immediate post–Civil War era, black educators in the early and middle twentieth century, and desegregation in modern Virginia.

The collection entries that make up this guide reveal the broad range and scope of materials that touch on many aspects of African American life in Virginia and in the United States over the past four centuries.

This online guide was originally issued in published form. Compiled and adapted by F. Holly Hodges. Through support from a grant by The National Endowment for the Humanities, an independent federal agency. A reviewed and enlarged second edition was prepared by Harold M. Marsh, Jr., and E. Lee Shepard with support from grants by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and Public Policy as part of its African-American Heritage program.
How to use this Guide

The majority of the entries in this guide cover major manuscript collections (that is, numbering fifty items or more). In many instances, entries begin with a very brief summary of the overall collection in order both to provide context and to suggest to researchers potentially useful groups of papers into which they might venture in the hope of discovering additional, related materials.

Each entry heading contains the collection or item name, date range, item (or page) count, and the collection or item call number. In some instances, reference is made to the availability of microfilm, which generally means that the filmed version of the collection may be leased through interlibrary loan. In such instances, the researcher should contact the society's reference department for additional information.

In most cases, location of a described item or items is indicated by reference to section numbers i.e, series or sub-series levels), and in some rare cases, by item numbers (such as item b133). Researchers may be required to go to the society's online catalog, for additional supplementary identification of item numbers in order to request specific material.

Some collections contain so many African American materials that we have only provided samples of items to be found there. Specific entries will reflect such instances. In other cases, supplementary finding aids are available in the society's reading room that provide much greater detail on specific collections than can be included in this guide. For the most part, we have not included in this guide secondary studies in the society's holdings (such as theses, dissertations, essays, or speeches) or copies of materials in other repositories unless the content or rarity of the item seemed to dictate otherwise.

If a collection or portion thereof has been published, an attempt has been made to include that information in the guide entry. Virginia is assumed in the identification of all localities unless otherwise indicated.

Materials are constantly being identified in and added to the society's African American manuscripts holdings. The best source for information on those items is now the online catalog.

http://unknownnolonger.vahistorical.org/search/advanced

 

 

 

 

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