The Archaeological Institute of America is North America’s oldest and largest organization devoted to the world of archaeology. The AIA is a nonprofit organization founded in 1879 and chartered by the United States Congress in 1906. <Link to article at AIA>
Commonly asked questions of Egyptologists and Nubiologists (the scientific study of Ancient Nubia and its antiquities), center on the “Race” of the people they study. However, the traditional anthropological “RACES” are not actually races, which refers to subspecies, they do not meet the criteria of evolutionary differentiation. Societally, “race” refers to groups that are constructed around physical traits and ancestry and these associations build a hierarchy that affects the lived realities of these people. The ancient Egyptians did not have an equivalent to the Western ideas of racial identity in their science or theory.
|Merriam-Webster - RACE
1a) any one of the groups that humans are often divided into based on physical traits regarded as common among people of shared ancestry.
b) Old usage: a group of people sharing a common cultural, geographical, linguistic, or religious origin or background.
c) archaic: the descendants of a common ancestor: a group sharing a common lineage.
We at Realhistoryww agree with the Archaeological Institute on this point, for the simple reason that for all the time Egyptians ruled themselves, THERE WERE NO WHITE PEOPLE (Albinos) IN THEIR LIVES! Except of course, the odd home grown African Albino.
But that all changed with the conquest of Egypt by the Persians: The WHITE “RACE” meaning the “Amalgamation” of Albinos: as opposed to the individual Albino, is what makes a “Race” is in agreement with the Archaeological Institute and the Roman Historian Tacitus. Here we quote Tacitus:
Tacitus book 1: 4. For my own part, I agree with those who think that the tribes of Germany are free from all taint of intermarriages with foreign nations, and that they appear as a distinct, unmixed race, like none but themselves. Hence, too, the same physical peculiarities throughout so vast a population. All have fierce blue eyes, red hair, huge frames, fit only for a sudden exertion. They are less able to bear laborious work. Heat and thirst they cannot in the least endure; to cold and hunger their climate and their soil inure them.
Though Albinos had reached Europe by 1,200 B.C. There is no evidence that they had reached Africa. That all changed after Persia invaded and conquered Egypt circa 500 B.C. (27th. Dynasty). The Scythians were an Albino people in Central Asia whom the Persians blocked from crossing “Persia proper” and thus entering into Arabia and Africa. But with the conquest of Egypt, Persia moved west, and so did its Vassal people.
Now of course all Albinos will jump to their feet and cry in unison "Crazy Afrocentric, Whites have always been in Europe, Whites "Evolved" Whiteness in Europe!
Moving on - The Scythians (pronounced 'SIH-thee-uns') were a group of ancient tribes of nomadic warriors who originally lived in what is now southern Siberia. Their culture flourished from around 900 B.C. to around 200 B.C., by which time they had extended their influence all over Central Asia – from China to the northern Black Sea – British Museum.
Also - East of the Caspian Sea there emerged from the steppe of Central Asia a nomadic Scythian tribe called the Parni. Later called the Parthians, They took over the Seleucid Empire (what was left of Alexander's Empire), and fending off the Romans, they established themselves as a superpower in their own right (312 B.C. to 63 B.C.).
Back to the Archaeological Institute of America: In the two-hour workshop, panelists will discuss how they use ancient source material to approach questions of “race” and variation. In this sense, they say they may adopt racialist methods of analysis, that is, using “race” in the modern sense to carry out research, although most biological anthropologists and geneticists reject the concept of doing racial analyses. A few key facts ground the discussion: (1) the ancient Nile River Valley cultures are indisputably African cultures with base populations that crystallized there; and (2) these ancient cultures did not have a conception of “race” or human variation that can be equated to modern Western conceptions.
The accounts of classical writers are quick to highlight red hair amongst the tribes they encountered in central and Western Europe. As early as the fifth century BC, Herodotus described the Budini, a Scythian tribe from the central western Eurasian steppes as having ”grey eyes and red hair,” as were the Thracians whose lands covered parts of modern Turkey, southeastern Bulgaria, and northeast Greece. These tribes were regarded barbarian by the Greeks, despite their military prowess and sophisticated art. However, this was most likely because they were non-Hellenic than because of their hair color.
Meanwhile, the Romans were also noticing the abundance of red hair amongst the tribes they were encountering as their empire progressed ever westwards. Seneca noted that “The color of the Ethiopian is not singular among his countrymen, nor is red hair tied up in a knot a peculiarity among the Germans.”Livy in his History of Rome describes the Gaul’s as of “tall stature” and having“Long red hair.” These physical characteristics married with their behavior in battle which was to “terrify and appall.” (38.17.4).
Tacitus also noticed the prevalence of red hair amongst the Germans. “For my own part, I agree with those who think that the tribes of Germany are free from all taint of intermarriages with foreign nations and that they appear as a distinct, unmixed race, like none but themselves, “ he noted in his Germania. “Hence, too, the same physical peculiarities throughout so vast a population. All have fierce blue eyes, red hair, huge frames”.
He also noticed that many of the Celtic tribes of Britain also had red hair- and concluded- correctly- that this pointed to an interrelationship between the Celts, Germans and Gauls who all unbeknown to him originated from the central Asian migrations into Europe. In particular, Tacitus noted the Caledonians had “red hair and large limbs” which he felt pointed to a “Germanic origin.”
All of these red-haired tribes match the genetic makeup of the current inhabitants of the lands they occupied. Scotland, Wales and Ireland respectively– the British Celtic nations- all having the high level of red gene carriers and manifestations. On mainland Europe, Brittany, the border between France and Belgium, Switzerland, and Jutland – the ancestral lands of the Gaulish and Germanic tribes- also carry high levels of the red-haired gene. Southwest Norway is unique amongst the Scandinavian countries for the emergence of red hair which some feel justifies the portrayal of Viking as red-haired. However, genetic analysis suggests that the genes dictating red hair in Norway was brought back there from Ireland and Scotland by Viking raiders.
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