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Albino Racism

 

As the first Black Humans moved out and away from the place/places where they came into being in Africa, they began the first tentative, but inexorable, movements toward becoming civilized creatures, with belief systems, structures, and rules of behavior, this by at least 11,500 B.C. as attested to by paraphernalia at the site of Göbekli Tepe in what is now Turkey. In time, those Black people did this all over the World, as they settled each new place.

 

 

 

 

In time, the Black people who left Africa formed "Homogenous" geographical groups - depending on their phenotypes. for reasons that we can still only guess at.

 

 

In Central Asia, the Dravidian Blacks, formerly of India, and before that, probably of East Africa, with the disease called Albinism, coalesced and became dominant.

 

 

 

In North Asia, Blacks with what we today call the Mongol phenotype became dominant.

 

 

 

 

Over time, and due to unknown associations, stimuli, conditions, whatever: the formerly Black Mongol people, became a "Mixed Race" society of mainly Mulatto people. Though the Mongol people produce their own Albinos, it is unclear if today's Chinese population of Han mulattoes is due solely to admixture with their own Mongol Albinos, or a combination of their own Albinos "AND" their next-door neighbors, the Dravidian Albinos.

 

 

 

 

 

 

As can be plainly seen by the Black color most of the Qin soldiers were painted, the Chinese people of that time (200 B.C.) were still predominately Black.

 

 

 

However, in 206 B.C. the Han replaced the Qin as the rulers of China. It may be that as in Europe, with the Germanics, Slavs, and Turks: the original Han were an Albino people who supplanted the Black rulers of China. Actually Europe is a bad example, there the Albinos were able to almost completely eradicate the Blacks and Browns of Europe. Whereas in China, and all other places, a mixed race (mulatto) society resulted.

 

By observation of Ancient Chinese artifacts, and modern Han phenotype, it is clear that the "Ancient" Chinese looked quite different from the modern Han/Han Mulattoes of today:

 

   

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Under the heading: "Birds of a Feather"

The New York Times
Air China Will Fly You to London, and Warn You About Dark-Skinned People There.

By Edward Wong Sept. 7, 2016

An article in a recent issue of Wings of China, an Air China in-flight magazine, has drawn criticism as being racist. Credit Kim Kyung-Hoon/Reuters
The September issue, dedicated to tourist attractions in London and other well-known British towns, took a sharp detour into an international social media uproar and national embarrassment with some ill-chosen words on safety.
The passage, written in Chinese and English, said tourists should take precautions “when entering areas mainly populated by Indians, Pakistanis and black people.” It added, “We advise tourists not to go out alone at night, and females always to be accompanied by another person when traveling.”

Wash the Black off!

A Chinese laundry detergent commercial has spurred outrage online, with many social media users accusing it of blatant racism. In the commercial for Qiaobi laundry detergent, an Asian woman shoves a detergent pod into the mouth of a black worker and unceremoniously pushes him headfirst into a washing machine. After a quick cycle, the machine is opened and a pale Asian man emerges with a wink, to the woman’s delight. The advertisement, which has been airing in China at least since April, has been met abroad with a combination of anger and disbelief. Proof positive - Fearful, Xenophobic, Murderous: Albinos are the same, wherever you find them - World Wide.

By appearance and mentality, it appears that most modern Mongols are indeed a product of Albino admixture.

And just as with White skinned Mongols, the Mulatto Mongols of South East Asia: Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam, Taiwan: (Just like the Mulattoes of North africa, the Middle East, and Arabia), tend to have emulated their Albino ancestors rather than their Black ancestors. As is always the case, Vassal populations tend to identify with those having the most power.

 

 

This Youtube video has a few Thai commercialís, showing just how far the Albino delusion of Albinism being a good and healthy thing has progressed, solely because of Albino power and promotion: Click anywhere on this text.

 

 

Meanwhile, All other Africans, regardless of phenotype, skin color, or location: continued to live together all over the world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long after the advancements at Göbekli Tepe, Black people learned to communicate their thoughts through the use of icons and created symbols - this is what we know today as writing. What may have been some of the first attempts at writing are the symbols found on the Dispilio Tablet in Greece, and many other places in Eastern Europe. (The Dispilio tablet is a wooden tablet bearing inscribed markings, unearthed during George Hourmouziadis's excavations of Dispilio in Greece and carbon 14-dated to about 7300 B.P. It was discovered in 1993 in a Neolithic lakeshore settlement that occupied an artificial island near the modern village of Dispilio on Lake Kastoria in Kastoria regional unit, Greece). To date, more than a thousand fragments with similar inscriptions have been found on various archaeological sites throughout south-eastern Europe, notably in Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, Romania, eastern Hungary, Moldova, and southern Ukraine.

 

 

 

In time, all of the original Black civilizations around the world developed their own writing systems. Over the many thousands of years that these Black civilizations existed, those Black people recorded all of their thoughts and emotions in their writings. And in all of those perhaps 9,000 years of writing, there is only one known instance where civilized Blacks disparaged the appearance and habits of other people - but not denigrating their intelligence.

 

The cursing of Agade - translation. Sumer, circa 3,000 B.C.

Paragraph-13) Enlil brought out of the mountains those who do not resemble other people, who are not reckoned as part of the Land, the Gutians, an unbridled people, with human intelligence but canine instincts (some mss. have instead: feelings) and monkeys' features. Like small birds they swooped on the ground in great flocks. Because of Enlil, they stretched their arms out across the plain like a net for animals. Nothing escaped their clutches, no one left their grasp. Messengers no longer travelled the highways, the courier's boat no longer passed along the rivers.

Today, we have all become so used to acts of racism by the Albino people, formerly of Central Asia. That we simply busy ourselves in dealing with them, (Protecting ourselves), and neglect to ponder their strangeness and outrageousness. How absurd that one group - a group that exists as a group, only because of a shared physical defect - should try to contort reality through the Coercion of arms, and by uniformly declaring that their defect makes them special and unique. They say that their defect is a sign of higher evolution, and is therefore a superior trait. Now of course, without the threat of arms, such claims from underlings are laughed at as the rants of lunatics. So for the Albinos to make their rants believable - probably to themselves as well, they had to find a ways to put themselves in a dominant position over the normal Black and Brown Humans of the world.

Their first attempt at dominance was in their former homeland of India, which they invaded in about 1,500 B.C. Though they were able to take and hold territory in India, their numbers were not sufficient to overcome the Dasyus, Dasas and Simyus: which is the names by which they knew the local Indian people. In India, the best the Albinos could do was to create a population of Mulattoes (Hindu's), who they imbued with their convoluted concept of superiority. (This was repeated in North Africa and the middle East with the Turk Mulattoes, and in the Americas too). Even at this early date, the Albino tribes leaving Central Asia felt the need to declare the uniqueness and specialness of their Whiteness, and to frame everything in racial terms. The following excerpts are from the Rig Veda, the Hindu Bible of sorts, written long after the Albinos arrived in India. (The Albinos were an illiterate people, who resisted learning how to write, it is therefore unknown when the Rig Veda was written).

 

1) He, much invoked, hath slain Dasyus and Simyus, after his wont, and laid them low with arrows. The mighty Thunderer with his fair-complexioned friends won the land, the sunlight, and the waters.
2 ) Sing, with oblation, praise to him who maketh glad, who with Rjisvan drove the dusky brood away.
3) Strengthened by songs of praise thou rentest piecemeal the Dasa, him who deemed himself immortal. With us mayst thou, O Indra, waxen splendid, with Surya overcome the Dasa races.
4) Indra the Vrtra-slayer, Fort-destroyer, scattered the Dasa hosts who dwelt in darkness. {Prof. Uthaya Naidu translates this as "who sprang from a black womb."}
5) When in his arms they laid the bolt, he slaughtered the Dasyus and cast down their forts of iron.
6) His kine their Lord hath shown, e'en Vrtra's slayer, through the black hosts he passed with red attendants.
7) Active and bright have they come forth, impetuous in speed like bulls, Driving the black skin far away.
8) Blowing away with supernatural might from earth and from the heavens the swarthy skin which Indra hates.

 

Shortly after the Albinos invaded India, they also invaded Europe (circa 1,200 B.C.). And just as in India, their numbers were only sufficient to create a mixed-race, Mulatto subset in Black European Society.

 

 

 

 

 

The SECOND Albino Invasion

[See the Wikipedia article titled: "Migration Period" Click here:]

 

And so things stayed until the second wave of Dravidian Albinos invaded Europe circa 200-600 A.D. These new Albino invaders included the Germanics, the Slavs, and lastly the Turks. They ascended to power in Europe after after doing away with their former Black masters in Europe via the creation of the anti-Black catholic "Protestant" religions: and the thirty years wars (circa 1640) that Protestantism generated. Almost immediately after their victory, the Albinos of Europe set out on a campaign denigrating Browns and Blacks, and writing them out of history. To this day, many Blacks are mystified by this behavior, and do not know why Albinos do it.

 

 

The White mans stated reason for Slavery

 

Throughout the pages of Realhistoryww we harp on the fact that the only reason for Black Slavery was the White/Albino Mans inability to stay out in the Sun long enough to do normal farming. This meant that without help, White people/Albinos could not feed themselves. Thus without Blacks/pigmented people to do outside work for them, Whites/Albinos would starve or die in the fields.

When we deduced that reality from an analysis of the evidence, we thought that we had achieved a great breakthrough in understanding not just American history, but also World History.

Silly us, once again we had failed to take into account the abject worthlessness of the Negro: as opposed to the Black and even the "Colored" Man. For you see dear reader, unknown to the everyday Black person, and even the average White/Albino person, the Albinos reason for Black Slavery has been known all along. One hundred and sixty years ago, the Southern Albinos themselves, told us in surprising honesty their reasons for enslaving Blacks.


Later Albinos didn't repeat it for obvious reasons, and the Negroes, especially those associated with Negro Institutions (Like Negro Colleges), didn't broadcast it, also for obvious reasons - Albino contributions to their Institutions. The result of this withholding of the "Truth" has been the psychological torturing of Blacks, with many of them wondering why their God had abandoned them, and why they were so lacking as Humans, that they find themselves in such a condition. With many wishing they were White, like what they were taught is "Normal" people.


These feelings of despair and worthlessness were encouraged and exasperated by the Albinos recently created religion of "Protestantism" (that is a religion in “Protest” by the Albinos over their treatment by the Black Catholic Church. The first Bible of this Protest religion was the "Tyndale Bible" which was printed in Germany in 1525. Protestantism was itself a derivative of the Black Roman Christianity called Catholicism.


This new Protestant religion and the racial conflicts it represented, is seen as the reason for usurpation by the Germanic and Slavic Albinos of Black Rule in Europe as a result of their victory in the “Thirty Years War” on the continent: and the “English Civil Wars” in Britain. Catholicism was itself a derivative of the Black Hebrew religion of Judaism, which was previously usurped by the Turkic Khazar's. These Albino versions of Black religions: Enslaved Blacks of every kind, from everywhere, were required to accept as their own. (Background: Islam had been usurped by the Turkic Seljuq Chieftain Toghril Beg in 1055 A.D.).


After the Albino defeat of the heavily outnumbered Black forces in Europe, (the Mongols emptied Asia of its Dravidian Albinos - millions upon millions were forced into Europe), the survivors were shipped to the Americas as Slaves or Indentures. For many years English ships ran the route of the Ship Jamaica Galley, which was Rotterdam Germany to pickup Palatines (Blacks), then to Cowes in England to pickup British Blacks, then on to American ports to deliver the Slaves and indentures.

The Protestant Albinos used two particular passages in their newly created Bible to justify their atrocities. Genesis 9, 18–27: (The curse of Ham), and the other favorite came from the Apostle Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians, VI, 5-7: Quote - “Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ; not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart; with good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men: knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free.” (Paul repeated himself, almost word for word, in the third chapter of his Epistle to the Colossians.)

The Albino Catholic Atrocities:
Newsstory, Friday 10 July 2015. On his first papal visit to his native Latin America (the Pope is of course NOT a native American, his family are Italian immigrants to Argentina), Pope Francis issued an historic apology to the native peoples of the Americas for sins committed by the Catholic Church during the conquest of the continents.
In his speech, Francis said that many Latin American Catholic leaders have previously addressed the "grave sins committed against the native peoples of America in the name of God". He also recalled that, during a visit to the Dominican Republic in 1992, Pope John Paul II had apologised for the "pain and suffering" over the hundreds of years since the Church arrived at American shores. But Francis went further: He said: "I humbly ask forgiveness, not only for the offences of the church herself, but also for crimes committed against the native peoples during the so-called conquest of America."

 

This painting is housed in the Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Spain

 

Many paintings like this one, showing the Black Political and Religious Rulers of Europe before the Albino conquest, still exist in some European Museums, and the old Castles of Black nobility. In Britain it is another story entirely, there almost all Black Paintings and other art, or Black depictions, were destroyed by the government of Oliver Cromwell. Oliver Cromwell was an English general and statesman who led England's armies against King Charles I during the English Civil War and ruled the British Isles as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658: (king Charles was of course Black). Today there is no shortage of paintings and other art in the British Isles: because like everywhere else in the Albino world, these are recent paintings and statues of Albinos, who they pass-off with the names of the usurped Blacks. But descriptions in books of Black Nobility survived: << Click here for examples >>

 

When the Confederate States seceded from the Union, they all wrote their reasons for secession, this is Mississippi's stated reason.

Mississippi: Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery—the greatest material interest of the world. Its labor supplies the product which constitutes by far the largest and most important portions of commerce of the earth. These products are peculiar to the climate verging on the tropical regions, and by an “imperious” (meaning power or authority without justification); one arrogant and domineering law of nature, none but the Black Race can bear exposure to the Tropical Sun: (today they claim to be the most pious Americans, “The Good, God Fearing People”. Yet they call the supposed works of God “imperious”??) . These products have become necessities of the world, and a blow at slavery is a blow at commerce and civilization. That blow has been long aimed at the institution, and was at the point of reaching its consummation. There was no choice left us but submission to the mandates of abolition, or a dissolution of the Union, whose principles had been subverted to work out our ruin. << Click here for other Confederate States manifesto quotes >>

The results of all of these machinations has been the Albinos using their military might to force or coerce subject peoples to adopt their newly created or acquired religions, so that those people may be controlled by simply telling them what God wants them to do. Of course the Black Romans did the same thing to Albinos as they streamed into Europe from their homes in Central Asia. Hebrews however did not seem eager to share their religion. So for these past hundreds of years, Blacks cursed their Blackness, when in truth it was they who were the most "Perfect" Humans, and Whites were simply unfortunate people, with the disease of Albinism. And as such, could not even feed themselves once they traveled below the 40th. degree parallel. If only learned Negroes had told us!

 

 

Our Human Genes

Each gene resides at a specific locus (location on a chromosome) in two copies, one copy of the gene inherited from each parent. As a simplistic example: When two Chinese mate, the child will look Chinese because all the genes are healthy and all the genes are the same. But if a Chinese and a White European mate, the children will look like some combination of the two, because the "Appearance" genes are not all the same. Gene copies, however, are not always healthy. When the copies of a gene differ from each other, as through deleterious mutation or failure: Then in this heterozygous condition, we call the two parts “Alleles” and the undamaged or un-mutated allele is dominant, and the organism’s appearance and function is normal. The damaged "other" allele has no noticeable effect on the organism’s appearance, and is called the “Recessive” allele.

When BOTH alleles of a gene become recessive, then the gene cannot complete its assignment. As an example: many Black people have alleles of their “P” gene which are heterozygous and they look normal in every way: (The “P” gene controls the production of Melanin in the skin for protection from the Sun). But if TWO of these people with heterozygous alleles in their “P” gene MATE, then one or more, of their children will be an Albino. If two Albinos mate, there is only damaged or recessive “P” genes to inherit; therefore ALL of their children will be White. The trait for curly hair (which is the normal for humans) follows the same rules, two damaged or recessive allele’s of the "TCHH" gene means straight hair. Same for the genes which control eye color and hair color: (Blonde and Red hair is recessive, as is Blue, Green, and Gray eyes).

Note: The trait for Curly/Kinky hair (which is the "Normal" for humans): is produced by two "Undamaged" TCHH genes. That means that "Curly Hair" is "ANCESTRAL" to Modern Humans. You might keep that in mind the next time you see the White mans depictions of ancient humans shown with "Straight" hair.

 

 

 

 

But the answer is very simple; aside from their victory over Blacks in Europe, the Albinos campaign of Black denigration is contemporaneous with Albinos leaving the relative safety of Europe and moving out into the larger world. In the new lands, Albinos found that nature had played a very cruel joke on them. Because of their susceptibility to the Suns rays, they could not stay outdoors in the Sunshine for very long in most parts of the world. Thus they were ill suited to work the lands that they had conquered, and could not provide for themselves in those places. So they turned to enslaving other Humans to do the work for them, and it is after their enslavement of Brown and Black Humans to do their work for them, that the Albino denigration of Browns and Blacks peaked.

By way of explanation, Psychologist Alfred Adler suggested that whenever people experience feelings of inferiority, they automatically experience a compensatory need to strive for superiority. The term for this Psychological disorder is called "Compensation:" which refers to a type of self defense mechanism in which people overachieve in one area (in this case, the need for World dominance) in order to compensate for failures in another area (Physical inferiority).

As an indicator of how totally pervasive the Albinos descent into degeneracy has been: Albinos and even many normal Black and Brown humans view Albinos who do not abuse survivors of Albino Genocide or Slavery as a singular act of kindness: i.e. that is a really "Good" person there! CLEARLY, EVERYONE EXPECTS ALBINOS TO ABUSE OTHERS, IT IS UNDERSTOOD TO BE A PART OF THEIR BASIC DEFECTIVE NATURE.

The center of the conflict called the "Thirty Years Wars" was Germany, capital of the Black Holy Roman Empire. It is no coincidence then that Albino Germans were among the first, the most numerous, and the most PERNICIOUS of the Albino "Compensators."

Here then is the sick work of the Albino "Compensators."

Courtesy of Wikipedia.

 

Christoph Meiners

Christoph Meiners (31 July 1747 – 1 May 1810) was a German philosopher and historian, born in Hemmoor. He supported a polygenist theory of human origins. He was born in Warstade (now a part of Hemmoor) near Ottendorf. He started at a gymnasium in Bremen in 1763, and was a student at Göttingen from 1767 to 1770. In 1772 he became extraordinary professor, and in 1775 full professor, of Weltweisheit at the University of Göttingen. From 1788 to 1791 he co-edited the anti-Kantian journal Philosophische Bibliothek. He wrote on comparative history and cultural history.

Meiners was a polygenist: he believed that each race had a separate origin. He was a very early practitioner of scientific racism. Meiners studied the physical, mental and moral characteristics of each race, and built a race hierarchy based on the evidence that was considered common in scientific and anthropological circles at the time. Meiners split mankind into two divisions which he labeled the "beautiful White race" and the "ugly Black race". In Meiners book The Outline of History of Mankind he claimed that a main characteristic of race is either beauty or ugliness. He viewed only the white race as beautiful. He considered ugly races as inferior, immoral and animal like. He claimed that the black ugly peoples are distinct from the white beautiful peoples by their sad lack of virtue and their terrible vices.

According to Meiners:

The more intelligent and noble people are by nature, the more adaptable, sensitive, delicate, and soft is their body; on the other hand, the less they possess the capacity and disposition towards virtue, the more they lack adaptability; and not only that, but the less sensitive are their bodies, the more can they tolerate extreme pain or the rapid alteration of heat and cold; when they are exposed to illnesses, the more rapid their recovery from wounds that would be fatal for more sensitive peoples, and the more they can partake of the worst and most indigestible foods ... without noticeable ill effects.

Meiners claimed the Negro felt less pain than any other race and lacked in emotions. Meiners wrote that the Negro had thick nerves and thus was not sensitive like the other races, he went as far to say that the Negro has “no human, barely any animal feeling” he described a story where a Negro was condemned to death by being burned alive, half way through the burning the Negro asked to smoke a pipe and smoked it like nothing was happening while he continued to be burned alive. Meiners studied the anatomy of the Negro and came to the conclusion that the Negro have bigger teeth and jaws than any other race, as the Negro are all carnivores. Meiners claimed the skull of the Negro was larger but the brain of the Negro was smaller than any other race. Meiners claimed the Negro was the most unhealthy race on earth because of the Negro's poor diet, mode of living and lack of morals.

Meiners also claimed Native Americans were an inferior stock of people. He claimed that Indians can not adapt to different climate, different types of food or modes of life and that when they are exposed to these new conditions they lapse into a “deadly melancholy”. Meiners studied the diet of the Indians and said that they can feed off any kind of “foul offal” and that they consume huge amounts of alcohol. According to Meiners the Indians are extremely thick as the Spanish conquerors found out when their blades shattered on them. Meiners also claimed the skin of a Native American is thicker than an ox.

Meiners wrote that the noblest race was the Celts, and they were able to conquer various parts of the world, were more sensitive to heat and cold and their delicacy is shown by the way they are selective about what they eat. Meiners claimed Slavs are an inferior race, "less sensitive and content with eating rough food”, he described stories of Slavs eating poisonous fungi without coming to any harm. He claimed that their medical techniques were also backwards such as the Slavs baking sick people in ovens then making them roll in the snow.

Below the slavs are the peoples of the Middle East and Asia, all limited in intelligence and of an evil disposition, which goes together with lack of adaptability and insensitivity.

In Meiners large work entitled Researches on the variations in human nature (1815), he studied the sexology of each race and claimed that the African Negroids have unduly strong and perverted sex drives whilst only the White Europeans have it just right.

 

 

 

 

Voltaire


Voltaire (1694-1778) was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher. He was a polygenist: one who believed that each race had separate origins. Voltaire found biblical monogenism laughable, as he expressed:

It is a serious question among them whether the Africans are descended from monkeys or whether the monkeys come from them. Our wise men have said that man was created in the image of God. Now here is a lovely image of the Divine Maker: a flat and black nose with little or hardly any intelligence. A time will doubtless come when these animals will know how to cultivate the land well, beautify their houses and gardens, and know the paths of the stars: one needs time for everything.

When comparing Caucasians to Negroes, Voltaire compared them to different breeds of dog:

The Negro race is a species of men different from ours as the breed of spaniels is from that of greyhounds. The mucous membrane, or network, which Nature has spread between the muscles and the skin, is white in us and black or copper-colored in them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush (1745-1813), a Founding Father of the United States and a physician, proposed that being black was a hereditary skin disease, which he called "negroidism," and that it could be cured. Rush believed non-whites were really white underneath but they were stricken with a non-contagious form of leprosy which darkened their skin color. Rush drew the conclusion that "Whites should not tyrannize over [blacks], for their disease should entitle them to a double portion of humanity. However, by the same token, whites should not intermarry with them, for this would tend to infect posterity with the 'disorder'... attempts must be made to cure the disease."[39]

Samuel Stanhope Smith

Samuel Stanhope Smith (1751–1819) wrote an essay titled Essay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species in 1787. In the essay, Smith claimed that Negro pigmentation was nothing more than a huge freckle that covered the whole body as a result of an oversupply of bile, which was caused by tropical climates.

 


 

 

Georges Cuvier

Racial studies by Georges Cuvier (1769–1832), the French naturalist and zoologist, influenced scientific polygenism and scientific racism. Cuvier believed there were three distinct races: the Caucasian (white), Mongolian (yellow) and the Ethiopian (black). He rated each for the beauty or ugliness of the skull and quality of their civilizations. Cuvier wrote about Caucasians:

The white race, with oval face, straight hair and nose, to which the civilised people of Europe belong and which appear to us the most beautiful of all, is also superior to others by its genius, courage and activity.

Regarding Negros, Cuvier wrote:

The Negro race ... is marked by black complexion, crisped or woolly hair, compressed cranium and a flat nose. The projection of the lower parts of the face, and the thick lips, evidently approximate it to the monkey tribe: the hordes of which it consists have always remained in the most complete state of barbarism.

He thought Adam and Eve were Caucasian and hence the original race of mankind. The other two races arose by survivors' escaping in different directions after a major catastrophe hit the earth 5,000 years ago. He theorized that the survivors lived in complete isolation from each other and developed separately.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Friedrich Tiedemann

One of Cuvier's pupils, Friedrich Tiedemann, was one the first to make a scientific contestation of racism. He argued based on craniometric and brain measurements taken by him from Europeans and black people from different parts of the world that the then-common European belief that Negroes have smaller brains, and are thus intellectually inferior, is scientifically unfounded and based merely on the prejudice of travellers and explorers.

 

 

 


 

G.W.F. Hegel

The German Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) presented a strong evolutionist account of history in the Lectures on the Philosophy of History (Vorlesungen über die Philosophie der Weltgeschichte, 1837), chronicling the development of the historical Geist (Spirit) through serial realisations of Volksgeister (Folk Spirits).

In his chapter on the "Geographical Foundings of Universal History", Hegel said that "each People represented a particular degree of the development of the Spirit", thus forming a "nation". A nation is not based upon physical characteristics; rather, it is based on the historic–geographic site where the "spirit" developed. This idea was influenced by Montesquieu's theory of climatologic influence upon cultural mores and law. Following Montesquieu's The Spirit of the Laws (1748), Hegel contrasted historical peoples with ahistoric savages:

It is true that climate has influence, in that sense that neither the warm zone, nor the cold zone, are favourable to the liberty of man, and to the apparition of historical peoples. Unsurprisingly, Hegel thus favoured the Geist in temperate zones, and finally wrote an account of "universal history" chronicling the Oriental World, the Greek Antiquity, the Roman, the Christian World, and the Prussian World. In the same Lectures he said that "America is the country of the future", yet "philosophy does not concern itself with prophecies", but with history. Hegel’s philosophy, like that of Kant, cannot be reduced to evolutionist statements; nevertheless, it justified European imperialism until the First World War (1914–18). Likewise, Montesquieu’s theory of the influence of climate on cultural mores and law "scientifically" justified the idea of Negro inferiority.

Hegel declared that "Africa is no historical part of the world." Hegel further claimed that blacks had no "sense of personality; their spirit sleeps, remains sunk in itself, makes no advance, and thus parallels the compact, undifferentiated mass of the African continent."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arthur Schopenhauer

The German Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860) attributed civilizational primacy to the white races, who gained sensitivity and intelligence via the refinement caused by living in the rigorous Northern climate:

The highest civilization and culture, apart from the ancient Hindus and Egyptians, are found exclusively among the white races; and even with many dark peoples, the ruling caste, or race, is fairer in colour than the rest, and has, therefore, evidently immigrated, for example, the Brahmins, the Inca, and the rulers of the South Sea Islands. All this is due to the fact that necessity is the mother of invention, because those tribes that emigrated early to the north, and there gradually became white, had to develop all their intellectual powers, and invent and perfect all the arts in their struggle with need, want, and misery, which, in their many forms, were brought about by the climate. This they had to do in order to make up for the parsimony of nature, and out of it all came their high civilization.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Franz Ignaz Pruner

The German Franz Ignaz Pruner (1808–1882) was a medical doctor who studied the racial structure of Negroes in Egypt. In a book which he wrote in 1846 he claimed that Negro blood had a negative influence on the Egyptian moral character. He published a monograph on Negroes in 1861. He claimed that the main feature of the Negro's skeleton is prognathism, which he claimed was the Negro's relation to the ape. He also claimed that Negroes had very similar brains to apes and that Negros have a shortened big toe, which is a characteristic connecting Negroes closely to apes.

 

Karl Vogt

The German polygenist evolutionist was Karl Vogt (1817–1895) who believed that the Negro race was related to the ape. He wrote the White race was a separate species to Negroes. In Chapter VII of his lectures of man (1864) he compared the Negro to the White race whom he described as "two extreme human types". The difference between them, he claimed are greater than those between two species of ape; and this proves that Negroes are a separate species from the Whites.

 


Ernst Haeckel

The German Ernst Haeckel put forward a doctrine of evolutionary polygenism based on the ideas of the linguist and polygenist August Schleicher, in which several different language groups had arisen separately from speechless prehuman Urmenschen, which themselves had evolved from simian ancestors. These separate languages had completed the transition from animals to man, and, under the influence of each main branch of languages, humans had evolved as separate species, which could be subdivided into races. Haeckel divided human beings into ten races, of which the Caucasian was the highest and the primitives were doomed to extinction.[69] Haeckel was also an advocate of the out of Asia theory by writing that the origin of humanity was to be found in Asia; he believed that Hindustan (South Asia) was the actual location where the first humans had evolved. Haeckel argued that humans were closely related to the primates of Southeast Asia and rejected Darwin’s hypothesis of Africa.

Haeckel also wrote that Negroes have stronger and more freely movable toes than any other race which is evidence that Negroes are related to apes because when apes stop climbing in trees they hold on to the trees with their toes, Haeckel compared Negroes to "four-handed" apes. Haeckel also believed Negroes were savages and that Whites were the most civilised.

Scientific Racism

In the United States, scientific racism justified Black African slavery to assuage moral opposition to the Atlantic slave trade. Alexander Thomas and Samuell Sillen described black men as uniquely fitted for bondage, because of their "primitive psychological organization". In 1851, in antebellum Louisiana, the physician Samuel A. Cartwright (1793–1863), considered slave escape attempts as "drapetomania", a treatable mental illness, that "with proper medical advice, strictly followed, this troublesome practice that many Negroes have of running away can be almost entirely prevented". The term drapetomania (mania of the runaway slave) derives from the Greek δραπετης (drapetes, "a runaway [slave]") + μανια (mania, "madness, frenzy") Cartwright also described dysaesthesia aethiopica, called "rascality" by overseers. The 1840 United States Census claimed that Northern, free blacks suffered mental illness at higher rates than did their Southern, enslaved counterparts. Though the census was later found to have been severely flawed by the American Statistical Association, John Quincy Adams, and others, it became a political weapon against abolitionists. Southern slavers concluded that escaping Negroes were suffering from "mental disorders".

At the time of the American Civil War (1861–65), the matter of miscegenation prompted studies of ostensible physiological differences between Caucasians and Negroes. Early anthropologists, such as Josiah Clark Nott, George Robins Gliddon, Robert Knox, and Samuel George Morton, aimed to scientifically prove that Negroes were a human species different from the white people species; that the rulers of Ancient Egypt were not African; and that mixed-race offspring (the product of miscegenation) tended to physical weakness and infertility. After the Civil War, Southern (Confederacy) physicians wrote textbooks of scientific racism based upon studies claiming that Black freemen (ex-slaves) were becoming extinct, because they were inadequate to the demands of being a free man—implying that Black people benefitted from enslavement.

South African Apartheid
See also: Carnegie Commission on the Poor White Problem in South Africa

Scientific racism played a role in establishing Apartheid in South Africa. In South Africa, white scientists, like Dudly Kidd, who published The essential Kafir in 1904, sought to "understand the African mind." They believed that the cultural differences between whites and blacks in South Africa might be caused by physiological differences in the brain. Rather than suggesting that Africans were "overgrown children," as early white explorers had, Kidd believed that Africans were "misgrown with a vengeance." He described Africans as at once "hopelessly deficient," yet "very shrewd."

The Carnegie Commission on the Poor White Problem in South Africa played a key role in establishing Apartheid in South Africa. According to one memorandum sent to Frederick Keppel, then president of the Carnegie Corporation, there was "little doubt that if the natives were given full economic opportunity, the more competent among them would soon outstrip the less competent whites". Keppel's support for the project of creating the report was motivated by his concern with the maintenance of existing racial boundaries. The preoccupation of the Carnegie Corporation with the so-called poor white problem in South Africa was at least in part the outcome of similar misgivings about the state of poor whites in the American South.

The report was five volumes in length. Around the start of the 20th century, white Americans, and whites elsewhere in the world, felt uneasy because poverty and economic depression seemed to strike people regardless of race. White poverty contradicted notions of racial superiority, and hence it became the focus of "scientific" study.

Though the ground work for Apartheid began earlier, the report provided support for this central idea of black inferiority. This was used to justify racial segregation and discrimination[86] in the following decades. The report expressed fear about the loss of white racial pride, and in particular pointed to the danger that the poor white would not be able to resist the process of "Africanisation".

Although scientific racism played a role in justifying and supporting institutional racism in South Africa, it was not as important in South Africa as it has been in Europe and the United States. This was due in part to the "poor white problem", which raised serious questions for supremacists about white racial superiority. Since poor whites were found to be in the same situation as natives in the African environment, the idea that intrinsic white superiority could overcome any environment did not seem to hold. As such, scientific justifications for racism were not as useful in South Africa.

 

Lothrop Stoddard

In the US, eugenicists such as Harry H. Laughlin, and Madison Grant sought to "scientifically" prove the physical and mental inadequacy of certain ethnic groups to justify compulsory sterilization and restrict immigration, per the Immigration Act of 1924; compulsory sterilization continued until the 1960s and later.

Lothrop Stoddard published many racialist books on what he saw as the peril of immigration, his most famous being The Rising Tide of Color Against White World-Supremacy in 1920. In this book he presented a view of the world situation pertaining to race focusing concern on the coming population explosion among the "colored" peoples of the world and the way in which "white world-supremacy" was being lessened in the wake of World War I and the collapse of colonialism.

Stoddard's analysis divided world politics and situations into "white," "yellow," "black," "Amerindian," and "brown" peoples and their interactions. Stoddard argued race and heredity were the guiding factors of history and civilization, and that the elimination or absorption of the "white" race by "colored" races would result in the destruction of Western civilization. Like Madison Grant (see The Passing of the Great Race), Stoddard divided the white race into three main divisions: Nordic, Alpine, and Mediterranean. He considered all three to be of good stock, and far above the quality of the colored races, but argued that the Nordic was the greatest of the three and needed to be preserved by way of eugenics. Unlike Grant, Stoddard was less concerned with which varieties of European people were superior to others (Nordic theory), but was more concerned with what he called "bi-racialism," seeing the world as being composed of simply "colored" and "white" races. In the years after the Great Migration and World War I, Grant's racial theory would fall out of favor in the U.S. in favor of a model closer to Stoddard's.

 

 

 

 

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