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Ancient Man and His First Civilizations 

The biography of Ankhtifi

Ankhtifi was a nomarch during the First Intermediate Period (probably under the 8th dynasty). He was buried in the necropolis of Moalla a few kilometres south of Thebes. His tomb contains his biography, with the exaggerations typical of these inscriptions intended to make a good impression upon the gods. Ankhtifi may have been a good administrator, he was not a philanthropist: the corn he sent north and south had to be paid for.


I was the beginning and the end of mankind, since nobody like myself existed before nor will he exist; nobody like me was ever born nor will he be born. I surpassed the feats of the ancestors, and coming generations will not be able to equal me in any of my feats within this million of years.
..... "the sky was clouded and the earth [...] of hunger on this sandbank of Apophis. The south came with its people and the north with its children; they brought the finest oil in exchange for the barley which was given them. My barley went upstream until it reached lower Nubia and downstream until it reached the Abydene nome. All of Upper Egypt was dying of hunger and people were eating their children, but I did not allow anyone to die of hunger in this nome.
The whole country has become like locusts going upstream and downstream (...); but never did I allow anybody in need to go from this nome to another. I am the hero without equal.