As you consider the case we make:
please remember that you have been trained to see the world and history
through the eyes and ears of human kinds most degenerate liars and destroyers - the Albinos.
Throughout the pages of Realhistoryww, we have murmured that it seemed like the Albinos were willing to accept blame for every and all manner of crimes against Humanity, as long as it made them appear powerful and beyond retribution. But still, we assumed that Albinos would draw the line at Hitler and Columbus, they being the creatures responsible for more loss of human life than any others. Luckily there is no possibility of Blacks being saddled with the sins of Hitler, because we have reams of photographic evidence that he was a full blooded Albino.
Whereas Columbus is another case entirely: there is no authentic portrait of him, only the usual "Make-it-up-as-you-go" line-up of fake Albino portraits.
These were Fake portraits that we were quite willing to accept as real, because of course, we wanted no parts of the legacy of that most wasted piece of human dung - Columbus. So we gladly let Albino Italians in their delusion, make brotherhood with that bum.
Knowing that Albinos never-ever make Fake artifacts depicting Blacks as important people in history, we immediately checked to see if A.C. Michael was an Albino - he was. Then we checked to see if he might have been an Albino sympathetic to the Black cause, who had done many paintings of Blacks, and in sympathy might have slipped in a Black Columbus. But no, his paintings do not feature Blacks, but sometimes the heroic character of a painting may be depicted as dark.
So then the task is to discover why the Albino man A.C. Michael, depicted the criminal Columbus as a Black man, and why the Albino woman Henrietta Marshall, chose to put it in her book about the founding of the United States. We think that perhaps A.C. Michael might have been a student of the late medieval period in Europe, and through research may have concluded that Columbus must have been a Black man. So following that logic, let us take a look at Columbus and those times to see who was who, and who was doing what.
Little is known of Columbus’s early life. The vast majority of scholars, citing Columbus’s testament of 1498 and archival documents from Genoa and Savona, believe that he was born in Genoa to a Christian household; however, it has been claimed that he was a converted Jew or that he was born in Spain, Portugal, or elsewhere. Columbus was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a Genoese wool worker and merchant, and Susanna Fontanarossa, his wife. His career as a seaman began effectively in the Portuguese merchant marine. After surviving a shipwreck off Cape Saint Vincent at the southwestern point of Portugal in 1476, he based himself in Lisbon, together with his brother Bartholomew. Both were employed as chart makers, but Columbus was principally a seagoing entrepreneur. In 1477 he sailed to Iceland and Ireland with the merchant marine, and in 1478 he was buying sugar in Madeira as an agent for the Genoese firm of Centurioni. In 1479 he met and married Felipa Perestrello e Moniz, a member of an impoverished noble Portuguese family. Their son, Diego, was born in 1480. Between 1482 and 1485 Columbus traded along the Guinea and Gold coasts of tropical West Africa and made at least one voyage to the Portuguese fortress of São Jorge da Mina (now Elmina, Ghana) there, gaining knowledge of Portuguese navigation and the Atlantic wind systems along the way. Felipa died in 1485, and Columbus took as his mistress Beatriz Enríquez de Harana of Córdoba, by whom he had his second son, Ferdinand (born c. 1488).
In 1484 Columbus began seeking support for an Atlantic crossing from King John II of Portugal but was denied aid. (Some conspiracy theorists have alleged that Columbus made a secret pact with the monarch, but there is no evidence of this.) By 1486 Columbus was firmly in Spain, asking for patronage from King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. After at least two rejections, he at last obtained royal support in January 1492. This was achieved chiefly through the interventions of the Spanish treasurer, Luis de Santángel, and of the Franciscan friars of La Rábida, near Huelva, with whom Columbus had stayed in the summer of 1491. Juan Pérez of La Rábida had been one of the queen’s confessors and perhaps procured him the crucial audience.
Christian missionary and anti-Islamic fervor, the power of Castile and Aragon, the fear of Portugal, the lust for gold, the desire for adventure, the hope of conquests, and Europe’s genuine need for a reliable supply of herbs and spices for cooking, preserving, and medicine all combined to produce an explosion of energy that launched the first voyage. Columbus had been present at the siege of Granada, which was the last Moorish stronghold to fall to Spain (January 2, 1492), and he was in fact riding back from Granada to La Rábida when he was recalled to the Spanish court and the vital royal audience. Granada’s fall had produced euphoria among Spanish Christians and encouraged designs of ultimate triumph over the Islamic world, albeit chiefly, perhaps, by the back way round the globe. A direct assault eastward could prove difficult, because the Ottoman Empire and other Islamic states in the region had been gaining strength at a pace that was threatening the Christian monarchies themselves. The Islamic powers had effectively closed the land routes to the East and made the sea route south from the Red Sea extremely hard to access.
In the letter that prefaces his journal of the first voyage, the admiral vividly evokes his own hopes and binds them all together with the conquest of the infidel, the victory of Christianity, and the westward route to discovery and Christian alliance:
…and I saw the Moorish king come out of the gates of the city (see painting below) and kiss the royal hands of Your Highnesses…and Your Highnesses, as Catholic Christians…took thought to send me, Christopher Columbus, to the said parts of India, to see those princes and peoples and lands…and the manner which should be used to bring about their conversion to our holy faith, and ordained that I should not go by land to the eastward, by which way it was the custom to go, but by way of the west, by which down to this day we do not know certainly that anyone has passed; therefore, having driven out all the Jews from your realms and lordships in the same month of January, Your Highnesses commanded me that, with a sufficient fleet, I should go to the said parts of India, and for this accorded me great rewards and ennobled me so that from that time henceforth I might style myself “Don” and be high admiral of the Ocean Sea and viceroy and perpetual Governor of the islands and continent which I should discover…and that my eldest son should succeed to the same position, and so on from generation to generation forever.
HOW DID COLUMBUS RECRUIT HIS CREW?
Columbus was a stranger at Palos de la Frontera, the small coastal town where the Spanish monarchs had made provision for two of his ships. He had virtually no connections with either common sailors or officers and was therefore obliged to rely on the help of two prominent seafaring families. The more powerful was that of Martin Pinzón of Palos; the other was the family of Juan Niño, of the nearby Andalusian town of Moguer. Together with Columbus, the Pinzóns and Niños managed to recruit about ninety men and boys for the three vessels. Martín Pinzón himself assumed command of the Pinta , while Juan Niño (with whom Columbus developed a close friendship) sailed as master of the Niña .
La Santa María (The Saint Mary), alternatively La Gallega, was the largest of the three ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492, the others being the Niña and the Pinta. Her master and owner was Juan de la Cosa, a man of Basque ethnicity from Santoña, Cantabria (at the time of his birth part of Biscay), operating in south Spanish waters. Requisitioned by order of Queen Isabella and by contract with Christopher Columbus, whom de la Cosa knew previously, the Santa Maria became Columbus' flagship on the voyage as long as it was afloat.
Ships fate: December 1492 - Ran gently aground on a shoal near Hispaniola as the Admiral and the Captain slept. The lad on watch as steersman cried out. He was considered inexperienced, being a cabin boy. The admiral's journal faulted the captain.
We know the names of all but three of those who signed on for the epochal trip. They came primarily from towns and villages in Andalusia; all but four were Spaniards. Columbus was, of course, one of the foreigners. Each ship had a master, a captain, a pilot, a marshal, and a surgeon, supported by the usual complement of able seamen and cabin boys.
It's estimated that 300,000 Taíno lived on Hispaniola in 1492. Just 16 years later, that number had dwindled to 60,000. By 1548, only 500 remained, according to Columbus biographer Laurence Bergreen. As many as 50,000 are believed to have committed mass suicide rather than to live under Spanish rule.
Columbus's fiercest critics label him a murderer who willfully committed genocide. Kris Lane, a historian of colonial Latin America, disagrees. Lane recognizes Columbus's personal crimes, which included rounding up and selling natives as slaves, and working some Taíno to death in gold mines.
Bergreen quotes Michele de Cuneo, who participated in Columbus's second expedition to the Americas (page 143):
While I was in the boat, I captured a very beautiful woman, whom the Lord Admiral [Columbus] gave to me. When I had taken her to my cabin she was naked — as was their custom. I was filled with a desire to take my pleasure with her and attempted to satisfy my desire. She was unwilling, and so treated me with her nails that I wished I had never begun. I then took a piece of rope and whipped her soundly, and she let forth such incredible screams that you would not have believed your ears. Eventually we came to such terms, I assure you, that you would have thought she had been brought up in a school for whores.
Along with the scenery, Columbus never tired of extolling the docility and peaceful nature of the timid people who had welcomed him and his fellow voyagers with such awe and affection to their island Eden. And he kept turning over in his mind how the meek and artless character of his brown-skinned hosts could be made a source of profit.
On the same day that the expedition landed on Guanahani, Columbus noted that the timid natives “should make good servants.” Several weeks later he remarked in the journal:”… they are very meek and without knowledge of evil nor do they kill others or steal … and they are without weapons and so timid that one of our people can put a hundred of them to flight.”
On Monday, December 3, the admiral assured the sovereigns that ten men could cause ten thousand of the natives to flee, “so cowardly and fainthearted are they and they carry no arms except some rods at the end of which are pointed sticks which are fire-hardened.”
By December 16 his ideas in that respect had taken definite form. “They have no weapons and are all naked without any skill in arms and are very cowardly so that a thousand would not challenge three,” says the journal for that date. “… Thus they are useful to be commanded and to be made to labor and sow and to do everything else of which there is need and build towns and be taught to wear clothes and learn our customs.”
And finally, in a famous letter to Luis de Santangel, his patron at court, he gets right down to business: In conclusion, to speak only of what has been accomplished on this voyage which was so hurried, their Highnesses may see that I can give them as much gold as they will need with very little aid from their Highnesses. And there are spiceries and cotton, as much as their Highnesses may order and mastic in whatever quantity they may order … and slaves in any number they may order and they shall be of the idolaters (i.e., heathens].
Great evils are apt to have small beginnings, or, as Father Las Casas put it, “Men are never accustomed to falling into a single error or committing only one sin.” So it was that on November 11, 1492, the admiral ordered five young male natives, who had come trustingly aboard his flagship, forcibly seized “to take to the Sovereigns to learn our language so that it might be disclosed what is in the land.”
1) The Fall of Constantinople to the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1453, which ended the Black Byzantine (aka Eastern Roman) Empire.
(Marrying an Albino Princess was the only way Black Kings could get the invading Central Asian Albinos to make peace).
Definition: The Moors (Berbers) were the inhabitants of the Maghreb (the region of Africa North of the Sahara Desert and West of the Nile), the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal), Sicily, and Malta during the Middle Ages. The name Moor was later also applied to Arabs.
Albino historians, in their bid to make ancient Europeans seem White, have chosen to ignore the "obvious" relationships that must have existed between North African people (Berbers?) and the people of iberia. When the Grimaldi people crossed the Gibraltar straits to enter Europe, "all" of their kind did not follow. When Humans move to new territories "Most" stay behind in the old territory, and they "maintain" their relationships with those who left; there is always back and forth travel for trade and communication. It is against this backdrop that the Berber invasion of Iberia must be viewed. The Berbers did not enter Iberia as strangers or destroyers, they entered as builders! The only people who need fear them was the Albino invaders from Central Asia, who had conquered and settled in the area: (i.e. Germanic Visigoth's, Alan's, and Vandals).
Thus, after Muhammad's (mostly Black Arab) Islamic army took Egypt in 640 A.D. and then went on to conquer all of North Africa. The Berbers no-doubt saw this new Black army as an opportunity; so rather than fight, the Berbers joined forces with the Islamic army. Then in 711 A.D. A Berber army led by general Tariq ibn Ziyad, invaded Iberia (Spain) and overthrew the White Visigoths (Western Goths): Who were one of two main branches of the Goths, an east Germanic tribe, who over the period of only one hundred years, after arriving from Central Asia: had migrated from Eastern Europe, thru Greece, thru Italy, and finally down into the Iberian peninsula.
In Iberia (Spain and Portugal), the Berbers, now known as Moors, created a highly advanced civilization and culture, famous for it’s art, architecture, and centers of learning. While having rule over Spain: The Berbers, who themselves fifty years earlier had been forced to accept Islam, now sometimes forced the inhabitants of Iberia to do the same. Though the number of original "Moors" remained small, many native Iberian inhabitants converted to Islam. According to Ronald Segal, some 5.6 million of Iberia's 7 million inhabitants were Muslim by 1200 A.D, virtually all of them native inhabitants. According to historian Richard A. Fletcher, the number of Arabs who settled in Iberia was very small. There were about 900,000 Berbers and about 90,000 Arabs in Iberia.
Notice that the degenerate Albino painter of this scene, did his best to make the Berbers seem Non-Black.
As a reminder...
THIS IS WHAT BERBERS LOOK LIKE
A word on our methods
From Albino statement above: If Blacks were the original people of Europe, then to assert that “The Rulers of Europe were always White (Albino)” is a Non-Sequitur. Therefore the Sequitur to that is: Albinos are degenerate liars – which is exactly what we said.
Albino statement: “The original Black settlers of Europe “Turned White” so as to better synthesize Vitamin “D” because of Europe’s lower Sunlight”. It took us years to assemble the various pieces of evidence to prove that European Whites were actually Dravidian Albinos from Central Asia.
Now the point of all of this is to prepare the reader for the fact that because the Albinos have spent the last 400 years destroying Black artifacts, and creating millions of Fake artifacts depicting notable Blacks in history as Albinos like themselves. And because the Albinos have been so thorough in their evil work: which includes Fake Statues, Busts, Paintings, Etchings, Drawings, Books, COINS, “MODIFYING” ancient artifacts (especially in Egypt). Our only hope of uncovering the truth is to find those few Black artifacts that the Albinos could not destroy, and then use Corollary’s and Sequitur’s to flesh out the truth behind them.
Because so much of what follows involves the “Holy Roman Empire” centered in Germany, (not to be confused with the “Roman” Empire (West centered in Rome: and East centered in Anatolia): we think it important to introduce the main Rulers.
This coin is typical of what the Albinos do
Note that authentic portraits portray these rulers as Blacks
This is what the "Franks" (Charlemagne's people) looked like.
At the time of Columbuses landing in the Americas, Frederick III, was Holy Roman Emperor. Though Spain was a loose part of the Holy Roman Empire, Frederick seems to have not paid it any attention.
His son Maximilian I, succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor: Maximilian I (1459 – 1519) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death. He was never crowned by the pope, as the journey to Rome was always too risky. He was instead proclaimed emperor elect by Pope Julius II at Trent, thus breaking the long tradition of requiring a papal coronation for the adoption of the imperial title. Maximilian was the son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Portugal. He ruled jointly with his father for the last ten years of the latter's reign: from c.1483 to his father's death in 1493.
Maximilian expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy, the heiress to the Duchy of Burgundy, though he also lost his family's original lands in today's Switzerland to the Swiss Confederacy. Through marriage of his son Philip the Handsome to eventual queen Joanna of Castile in 1498, Maximilian helped to establish the Habsburg dynasty in Spain, which allowed his grandson Charles to hold the thrones of both Castile and Aragon.
Philip the Handsome (1478 – 1506), was Duke of Burgundy from 1482 to 1506 and the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile.
The son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy, Philip was less than four years old when his mother died, and upon her death, he inherited the Burgundian Netherlands. In 1496, his father arranged for him to marry Joanna, the second daughter of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Around the same time, Philip's sister Margaret was given in marriage to Joanna's brother John, as part of an agreement between their fathers. Within four years after the wedding, Joanna became heir presumptive to Aragon and Castile, following the deaths of her brother, elder sister and infant nephew during that period. In 1504, aged 26, Philip became king jure uxoris when his mother-in-law died and Joanna succeeded her. He died only two years later, leaving his wife distraught with grief.
Philip was the first Habsburg monarch in Spain, and is the progenitor of every later monarch of Spain, even up to today. He died before his father, and therefore never inherited his father's territories or became Holy Roman Emperor. However, his son Emperor Charles V eventually united the Habsburg, Burgundian, Castilian, and Aragonese inheritances. Philip holds a special place in Habsburg history because he was the pivot around which the dynasty acquired a large portion of its extensive lands. By inheriting the Burgundian Netherlands and acquiring much of Spain and its possessions in the New World by marriage to Joanna, Philip was instrumental in vastly enhancing the territories of the Habsburgs, and his progeny would dominate European history for the next two centuries.
Philip's wife Joanna was an elder sister to Catherine of Aragon, who married successively the brothers Arthur, Prince of Wales and King Henry VIII of England. He did once visit England, and the young Prince Henry was much impressed with him. Indeed, Henry is said to have regarded Philip as providing a model of leadership towards which he aspired
Perhaps the worst of the Habsburgs (Jaw-wise) was Charles II of Spain (1661 – 1700) he was the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire. He is best remembered for his physical disabilities: it is said that Carlos II could hardly chew his food and his speech was nearly unintelligible – plus he drooled.
Just one more example of the degenerate stupidity/duplicity of even Albino would-be scientists. If you google Carlos II and switch to images, you will find dozens of fake portraits of different faces claiming to be pictures of Carlos II - some with big jaws, some with slightly elongated jaws. So then how stupid is THIS?
But it is a good example of how Albino Lie-History perpetuates itself. An Albino lie is told, then the next Albino embellishes the first lie, then the next Albino builds on that... so on and so forth. 400 years later, Blacks were only Slaves and Whites/Albinos are original man.
As an aside: Ancient Egyptians often married their Brothers and Sisters to keep outsiders from contaminating the Royal Bloodline. With the result being, as one would expect, serious congenital defects and deformities.
(Spanish - Carlos Quinto)
|This is just one of the many Fake portraits of Charles V||
This is just one of the many Fake portraits of Charles V
Fake coin of Charles V: at least the lying forger who made this coin knew enough to give the face the Habsburg Jaw.
This is just one of the many Fake portraits of Charles V
Wikipedia - Charles V (1500 – 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria from 1519, King of Spain (Castile and Aragon) from 1516, and Lord of the Netherlands as titular Duke of Burgundy from 1506. As head of the rising House of Habsburg during the first half of the 16th century, his dominions in Europe included the Holy Roman Empire, extending from Germany to northern Italy with direct rule over the Austrian hereditary lands and the Burgundian Low Countries, and a unified Spain with its southern Italian kingdoms of Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia. Furthermore, his reign encompassed both the long-lasting Spanish and short-lived German colonizations of the Americas. The personal union of the European and American territories of Charles V was the first collection of realms labelled "the empire on which the sun never sets".
Born in Flanders to Philip the Handsome of the Austrian House of Habsburg (who was son of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Mary of Burgundy), and Joanna the Mad of the Spanish House of Trastámara (daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon), Charles inherited all of his family dominions at a young age, due to the premature death of his father and the mental illness of his mother. After the death of Philip in 1506, he inherited the Burgundian Netherlands, originally held by his paternal grandmother Mary. In 1516, he became co-monarch of Spain with his mother Joanna, and as such he was the first king of Spain to inherit the country as dynastically unified by the Catholic Monarchs, his maternal grandparents. The Spanish possessions at his accession also included the Castilian West Indies and the Aragonese Kingdoms of Naples, Sicily and Sardinia. At the death of his paternal grandfather Maximilian in 1519, he inherited Austria and was elected to succeed him as Holy Roman Emperor. He adopted the Imperial name of Charles V as his main title, and styled himself as a new Charlemagne.
Charles V revitalized the medieval concept of the universal monarchy and spent most of his life defending the integrity of the Holy Roman Empire from the Protestant Reformation, the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, and a series of wars with France. With no fixed capital city, he made 40 journeys, travelling from country to country, and it is estimated that he spent a quarter of his reign on the road. The imperial wars were fought by German Landsknechte, Spanish tercios, Burgundian knights, and Italian condottieri. Charles V borrowed money from German and Italian bankers and, in order to repay such loans, he relied on the proto-capitalist economy of the Low Countries and on the flows of precious metals from South America to Spain, which were the chief source of his wealth but also the cause of widespread inflation. He ratified the Spanish conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires by the Spanish Conquistadores Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizarro, as well as the establishment of Klein-Venedig by the German Welser family in search of the legendary El Dorado. In order to consolidate power in his early reign, Charles suppressed two Spanish insurrections (Comuneros' Revolt and Brotherhoods' Revolt) and two German rebellions (Knights' Revolt and Great Peasants' Revolt).
Crowned King in Germany, Charles sided with Pope Leo X and declared Martin Luther an outlaw at the Diet of Worms (1521). The same year Francis I of France, surrounded by the Habsburg possessions, started a conflict in Lombardy that lasted until the Battle of Pavia (1525) led to his temporary imprisonment. The Protestant affair re-emerged in 1527 as Rome was sacked by an army of Charles's mutinous soldiers, largely of Lutheran faith. After his forces left the Papal States, Charles V defended Vienna from the Turks and obtained the coronation as King in Italy by Pope Clement VII. In 1535, he annexed the vacant Duchy of Milan and captured Tunis. Nevertheless, the Algiers expedition and the loss of Buda in the early 40s frustrated his anti-Ottoman policies. Meanwhile, Charles V had come to an agreement with Pope Paul III for the organisation of the Council of Trent (1545). The refusal of the Lutheran Schmalkaldic League to recognize the Council's validity led to a war, won by Charles V with the imprisonment of the Protestant princes. However, Henry II of France offered new support to the Lutheran cause and strengthened a close alliance with the sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, the ruler of the Ottoman Empire since 1520.
Ultimately, Charles V conceded the Peace of Augsburg and abandoned his multi-national project with a series of abdications in 1556 that divided his hereditary and imperial domains between the Spanish Habsburgs headed by his son Philip II of Spain and the Austrian Habsburgs headed by his brother Ferdinand, who was Archduke of Austria in Charles's name since 1521 and the designated successor as emperor since 1531. The Duchy of Milan and the Habsburg Netherlands were left in personal union to the King of Spain, but remained part of the Holy Roman Empire. The two Habsburg dynasties remained allied until the extinction of the Spanish line. In 1557, Charles retired to the Monastery of Yuste in Extremadura and there died a year later.
Charles V was the son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna the Mad. Charles V was born in Ghent and raised in Mechelen (Malines) by his aunt, Margaret of Austria. At the age of 6 he succeeded his father as ruler of the Low Countries, although Margaret acted as regent until 1515. He succeeded his maternal grandfather in 1516 as King of Spain and in 1519 became Holy Roman Emperor on the death of his paternal grandfather, Maximilian I. He was identifiable by his dramatically undershot lower jaw, known as the ‘Habsburg lip’. This unsightly quality serves only to make the physical impression of this ruler more powerful - the combination of the strong jaw and steady gaze of the Emperor render this a commanding image.
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor: is the only other Black Holy Roman Emperor for which there is anything like an authentic likeness, whether portrait or statue. Why the Albinos allowed his likeness to survive - we don't know. But what we do know is that the Albinos played around with these two pictures. The etching shows him with straight hair, suggesting a Mulatto. And the portrait shows him with frizzy hair, suggesting pure Black - but with Whitened skin. To their credit, both show him with the "Habsburg Jaw".
Leopold I (Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician -1640 -1705) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia. The second son of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, by his first wife, Maria Anna of Spain, Leopold became heir apparent in 1654 by the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV. Elected in 1658, Leopold ruled the Holy Roman Empire until his death in 1705, becoming the longest-ruling Habsburg emperor (at 46 years and 9 months).
Leopold's reign is known for conflicts with the Ottoman Empire in the east and rivalry with Louis XIV, a contemporary and first cousin, in the west. After more than a decade of warfare, Leopold emerged victorious from the Great Turkish War thanks to the military talents of Prince Eugene of Savoy. By the Treaty of Karlowitz, Leopold recovered almost all of the Kingdom of Hungary, which had fallen under Turkish power in the years after the 1526 Battle of Mohács.
The Thirty Years War is one of the great conflicts of early modern European history. The Thirty Years War consisted of a series of declared and undeclared wars which raged through the years 1618-1648 throughout central Europe. During the Thirty Years War the opponents were, on the one hand, the House of Austria: the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperors Ferdinand II and Ferdinand III together with their Spanish cousin Philip IV. During the long course of the Thirty Years War the Habsburgs were opposed by various international opponents of House of Austria: the Danish, Dutch and, above all, France and Sweden.
The "Thirty Years War" which pitted the formerly Black ruled, now Albino ruled countries of Europe, against the Still Black ruled "Holy Roman Empire". The Thirty Years' War was fought from 1618 until 1648. Though it was primarily centered in Germany, several other countries became involved in the conflict, including France, Spain, and Sweden. In fact, almost all of the powerful countries in Europe were involved in the war. The Albinos lie and say that it was about the Albinos new religion called "Protestantism" against Catholicism: but it was always about Albinos trying to overthrow Black Rule. As the war continued, the Habsburg dynasty (a Catholic family) and other organizations used the war to try and get more power. One of the examples of this is that Catholic France fought for the Protestants. This made the France-Habsburg rivalry even worse. The Thirty Years' War caused things like famine and disease in almost every country involved. The war lasted for 30 years, but the problems that caused the war were not fixed for a long time after the war was over. The war ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.
The King's Fountain Lisbon - From Wikipedia
Note the Black king or high Noble of Portugal with the cross of "The order of Santiago" on his cloak (bottom right).
Joseph II (German: Josef Benedikt Anton Michel Adam; English: Joseph Benedict Anthony Michael Adam; (1741 – 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from August 1765 and sole ruler of the Habsburg lands from November 1780 until his death. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Emperor Francis I, and the brother of Marie Antoinette. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine. Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism; however, his commitment to modernizing reforms subsequently engendered significant opposition, which resulted in failure to fully implement his programs. Meanwhile, despite making some territorial gains, his reckless foreign policy badly isolated Austria. He has been ranked, with Catherine the Great of Russia and Frederick the Great of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His reputation as an enlightened monarch was somewhat legendary, leading to false, but influential letters depicting him as a radical philosopher. His policies are now known as Josephinism. He was a supporter of the arts, and most importantly, of composers such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Antonio Salieri. He died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold II.
The dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire occurred de facto on 6 August 1806, when the final Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, abdicated his title and released all imperial states and officials from their oaths and obligations to the empire. Since the Middle Ages, the Holy Roman Empire had been recognized by Western Europeans as the legitimate continuation of the ancient Roman Empire due to its emperors having been proclaimed as Roman emperors by the Papacy. The Unification of Germany into a German Empire with tight political and administrative integration, replaced the decentralized German Confederation and The Holy Roman Empire, it was officially proclaimed on 18 January 1871, in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles in France. Princes of the German states, excluding Austria-Hungary and its House of Habsburg-Lorraine (the dynasty that formerly ruled over the German princes during the German Confederation and Holy Roman Empire), gathered there to proclaim William I of Prussia and the House of Hohenzollern as German Emperor, following the French capitulation in the Franco-Prussian War.
Prussia was the main territory of the Albinos: The Kingdom of Prussia was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918. It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany in 1871.
Medieval Latin (an evolution of the Classical Latin of Ancient Rome) was the official language of the Holy Roman Empire for most of its history: especially in the High Medieval period where the Holy Roman Empire encompassed much land and many cultures. Medieval Latin was the only common language between the educated (especially ecclesiastical) folk in all of its member states. It was perhaps the second great period in which Latin was the "Lingua Franca" of its day. It was in fact only changed to Standard German during the reign of Joseph II (1765 – 1790): no doubt in favor of such regions such as Slavic Bohemia, and others of Albino ethnicity.
Catholicism was the religion of the Empire: when the Albinos felt it time to overthrow Black Rule, they created a new religion that we call Protestantism today. This new religion served as their rallying point. Some naive high ranking Blacks even joined and supported their new religion.
As you consider the case we make:
please remember that you have been trained to see the world and history
through the eyes and ears of human kinds most degenerate liars and destroyers - the Albinos.
We assume everyone can tell that this is a Whitenized President Obama.
Those who can't tell - sorry it's a complicated world - shrug).
Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 10
CHARLOTTE SOPHIA (1744–1818), queen of George III, king of England, was the youngest daughter of Charles Lewis, brother of Frederic, third duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. When a young girl she was so distressed at the ravages of the Prussian troops on a relative's territory, that she wrote a letter to their king begging him to restrain them. This letter found its way to England, and is said to have done something to direct the attention of the English court to her as a suitable consort for George (Mahon, History of England, iv. 331, 1846). The inquiries made resulted in a formal proposal, which was accepted, and the princess set off for England. The voyage from Cuxhaven to Harwich took ten days, for the ship was delayed by contrary winds. Charlotte beguiled the time by practising English tunes on the harpsichord. On 7 Sept. 1761 she landed in England. The next day she saw George for the first time at St. James's. From that moment till the king's illness she said that she never knew real sorrow. They were married late that same evening. Their coronation took place on 22 Sept. of that year (a minute description is given in Richard Thomson's Faithful Account, &c., 1820). Her appearance at this time is briefly described by Horace Walpole: 'She is not tall nor a beauty. Pale and very thin; but looks sensible and genteel. Her hair is darkish and fine; her forehead low, her nose very well, except the nostrils spreading too wide. The mouth has the same fault, but her teeth are good. She talks a great deal, and French tolerably' (Letters, iii. 434). The records of Charlotte's life are entirely of a domestic nature. She was merely a lay figure in the numerous state pageants in which her position obliged her to take part, and she had no interest in nor influence over English politics, which she probably scarcely understood. The king, though a devoted husband, never discussed affairs of state with her. She was a woman of little ability, but she certainly acted up to her own standard of duty. Court life during this long reign was perfectly decorous, and it must be added very dull and colourless. Scandal could only say of her that she was somewhat mean in money matters; but this was probably from early training (the story of an intrigue with the Chevalier d'Eon hardly requires serious mention; see Thom, Queen Charlotte and the Chevalier d'Eon, reprinted from Notes and Queries, 1867). In 1788, when the king became ill, the care of his person and the disposition of his household were placed in her hands, and in 1810, when, on the death of the Princess Amelia, George became permanently insane, much the same arrangements were made. The queen died at Kew 17 Nov. 1818, and was buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Of the fifteen children born of her marriage, the last three, Octavius, Alfred, and Amelia, predeceased their mother.
[There are Lives of Queen Charlotte (with portraits) by W. C. Oulton, 1819, and T. Williams, 1819, but they are merely external. In the numerous memoirs of the period there is much information about the queen's private life. Walpole's Letters, Miss Burney's Memoirs, and Mrs. Delany's Autobiography are the chief of these; others will be found quoted in Jesse's Memoirs of Life and Reign of George III, 3 vols. 1867. In Brit. Mus. Cat. under this heading is a list of funeral sermons, satires, &c., relating to the queen, and among the manuscripts are a number of her official papers.]
Ferdinand had a role in inaugurating the first European encounters in the future Americas, since he and Isabella sponsored the first voyage of Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), in 1492. That year was the final victory in the war with Granada which defeated the last Muslim state in Iberia and all of Western Europe. This brought to a close the centuries-long Christian reconquest of Iberia. For that Christian victory, Pope Alexander VI, born in the Kingdom of Valencia, awarded the royal couple the title of Catholic Monarchs. At Ferdinand's death Joanna's son, Ferdinand's grandson, Charles I, became ruler of all the several Iberian kingdoms except for Portugal. Ferdinand is often considered the first king of Spain by virtue of his marriage to Isabella I of Castile up to her death in 1504, followed by his regency of Castile in the name of his daughter Joanna, known as "queen of Castile" as opposed to Ferdinand "king of Spain".
So was Columbus Black? Clearly Blacks stilled ruled in places in Columbuses time, and Europe was still awash with Blacks. But with Asia being emptied of it's Albinos by the Mongols, and then the Turk victory over the last of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) allowing the last remaining Dravidian Albinos of Asia to cross over to Europe; Blacks had to be greatly outnumbered in Europe at that time, by tens of millions. So numerically there is no way to tell if Columbus was Black. Likewise, because we know nothing about the race of Columbuses parents, that is also a dead end.
First of all Mtdna is useless in determining a Mans pedigree. So just the fact that the Albinos tried to use MtDNA tells you that they were looking for cover for their lies. And just the fact that the Albinos felt compelled to lie about Columbuses DNA, tells you that he was indeed a Black man - mystery solved! Just goes to show - Blacks can be degenerates too - just not as much or as often. Lucky us, now we get the blame for that degenerate.
But worst yet, their pernicious influence has persisted over the last 500 years. The fruits of their efforts to convince ignorant and docile people that Albinism is a sign of power and superiority, (Most DARK skinned Mulattoes in Latin Caribbean and Latin America, declare themselves "WHITE" in their countries census): has caused those same impressionable people to engage in circular Racism, that is where each Octoroon discriminates against the darker Quadroon, who then discriminates against the darker Mulatto, who then discriminates against the darker Black person.
Of course the purpose of this system is to allow Minority Albinos to rule over and enrich themselves at the expense of the unintelligent colored masses. And of course, as unintelligent masses do everywhere, the exploited masses in the Americas turn to feeding on each other to survive, instead of finding ways to address the inequities in their own countries
The Albinos have developed devastating methods of keeping Blacks down and in a constant state of commotion and disarray. Sometimes they do it by impoverishing Black Nations, but most often, they use the Mulattoes they created during their time of occupation thusly: (Taking the Turks as example). The Ottoman Empire lasted from 1299 A.D. to 1924 A.D. By the time the Ottoman Empire was disbanded after WWI, the Turks had installed Turks, and later their Mulattoes, as rulers in all of the Nations of North Africa and the Middle-East. However, the original Blacks and darker Mulattoes are still there, albeit in smaller numbers; and as a consequence the entire region is in a constant state of War and upheaval. Another cute trick of the Turks was to use religion as a way to augment their "disarray" campaigns. After the Turks usurped control of Islam in 1055, it likely didn't take them long to start inserting all of those "Hatred of Blacks" passages in Islamic religious books. See: Medieval Muslim texts displaying a Hatred of Blacks, (link on the main menu).
Same thing for the Americas: Only Albinos gained control over Christianity not that long ago, so they didn't have enough time to insert too much Black hate in religious literature; plus the Eastern Orthodox Church didn't seem to want to take part in a Black hating, alternate Cathology, (they still show Christian originals and Saints as Black people). But when the Spanish and Portuguese were forced to exit the Americas, they had established Albinos and their near-Mulattoes in leadership roles in all of the countries, and conditioned the indigenous people to accept it. But just as in North Africa and the Middle East, it is an untenable situation, and as a result, fighting and strife is a constant in Latin America. Because North Africa and the Middle East have cultures not based in Cities, they tend to vent their societal grievances in actual War. But in the Americas, societies are based in European style Cities, and in Cities, disaffected and disenfranchised citizens vent their frustrations in crime and Murder.
|Saint Nicholas, (270–343) was a Black Greek born in Byzantium (the Eastern Roman Empire), to a Greek family in the city of Patara (Lycia et Pamphylia), which was a port city on the Mediterranean Sea in present day Turkey. He lived in Myra Lycia, (part of modern-day Demre, Turkey), at a time when the region was Greek in its heritage, culture, and outlook, and part of the Roman diocese of Asia. He was the only son of wealthy Christian parents named Epiphanius and Johanna according to some accounts.
Nicholas eventually became Bishop of Myra, where he had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, a practice celebrated on his feast day: St Nicholas Day (6 December, Gregorian calendar), and thus became the model for Santa Claus, whose modern name comes from the Dutch Sinterklaas, itself from a series of elisions and corruptions of the transliteration of "Saint Nikolaos". Nicholas died in Myra in December of 343 A.D. at the age of 73.
The following 50 cities have the highest murder rates in the world, of all cities not at war, and with a population of at least 300,000 people. The murder rate of a city is an imprecise tool for comparison, as the population within city borders may not best represent an urban or metropolitan area with varying rates in different areas. All but 3 of the top 50 cities are in the Americas, with the remainder in South Africa.
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