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Ancient Man and His First Civilizations

Neanderthal & Cro-Magnon

 

 

 

A note to avoid confusion: It is a common misconception that Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon were the forerunners of Modern Man. Actually Modern Man is much older than both of them. Accordingly, Modern man and the Humanoids are presented here, in the correct chronological  order.

 

A note on the confusing terminology that follows:

Originally Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon were not classed as Sapien (Wise). This designation was reserved for "us" Modern man. However, subsequent re-thinking by some - perhaps with other than scientific agendas, caused these two early Humanoids to be re-classed as Sapien. Thus they became Homo-sapien neanderthalensis, and Homo-sapien Cro-Magnonensis, that leaves Modern Man with the really screwy name "Homo-sapien-sapien" (Man the Wise Wise?). Though we do understand that the elevation of Cro-magnon and Neanderthal to Sapien status, does solve a great many problems - none related to science though. However, the current move to place Cro-magnon with modern man as "Homo-sapien-sapien", is really taking it too far, and it is pointless, as science proves, Caucasians did NOT evolve from Cro-Magnons in Europe.

 

 

 

Neanderthal

 

Now lets look at Neanderthal, he was an "in-between" form of Homo-sapien - less advanced than Modern man, but more advanced than Homo-Erectus. He inhabited much of Europe and the Mediterranean lands during the late Pleistocene Epoch, (about 100,000 to 30,000 years ago). Neanderthal remains have also been found in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia. The name Neanderthal, derives from the discovery in 1856 of the remains of this Humanoid in a cave above the Neander Valley in Germany, not far from Düsseldorf.

The last Glacial Ice stage in Europe was about 10,000 to 70,000 years ago, and it is from those times that the most numerous skeletal remains of Neanderthals have been found. These have given us some idea of Neanderthals body-type and habits. Neanderthals were short, stout, and powerful in build. Cranial capacity equaled or surpassed that of modern humans, though their braincases were long, low, and wide and flattened behind. Their faces had heavy brow ridges, large teeth, and small cheekbones. The chest was broad, and the limbs were heavy, with large feet and hands. The Neanderthals appear to have walked in a more irregular, side-to-side fashion than do modern humans.

Neanderthals were the first human group to survive in northern latitudes during the cold (glacial) phases of the Pleistocene. They had domesticated fire, as indicated by concentrations of charcoal and reddened earth in their sites. Yet, their hearths were simple and shallow and must have cooled off quickly, giving little warmth throughout the night. Not surprisingly, they exhibit anatomic adaptations to cold, especially in Europe, such as large body cores and relatively short limbs, which maximize heat production and minimize heat loss.

Neanderthals were cave dwellers, although they occasionally built camps out in the open. They wore clothing, used fire, hunted small and medium-sized animals (like goats and small deer), and they scavenged from the kills of large carnivores. They made and used a variety of stone tools and wooden spears. Neanderthals intentionally buried their dead, both individually and in groups, and they also cared for sick or injured individuals. Evidence of ritualistic treatment of animals, which is sometimes found with their skeletons, may indicate that they practiced a primitive form of religion. Evidence from a few sites indicate that Neanderthals coexisted for several thousand years with Modern Humans; who arrived in Europe at about 45,000 B.C, and Cro-Magnons, who arrived in Europe by 35,000 B.C.

The origins of Neanderthals cannot be established with any certainty. The forerunners of Neanderthal humanoids may date to some 100,000 to 200,000 years ago. Some skull fragments found in France are of that age, but they have characteristics more like modern Homo sapiens. And so it may be, that this is where we see the first evidence of modern man (modern man first shows up at about 400,000 years ago, and is much older than Neanderthal); cross-breeding with Humanoids, in this case Homo-Erectus - who still existed as late as 300,000 B.C. Thus producing the hybrid "Neanderthal".

Please take special note: The proclivity of ALL Humans to mate with whoever is available, is ingrained and pervasive. The activity of cross-breeding will eventually account for the introduction of all the modern worlds races and ethnicity's.

It was thought that Neanderthals anatomic adaptations to cold had brought about a lightning of the skin, and thus played a part in the evolution of White people. But scientific studies indicate that modern White people, show no genetic evidence of admixture with Neanderthals. It now appears that their evolution was much simpler and more direct. Click here for the working theory on the evolution of White people >>>

 

 

 

 

 

<<One is a Black woman, the other is a White woman. They both can't be Neanderthal, therefore one is a lie.>>

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Albino Nonsense

 

 

 

 

Unfortunately, no discussion of Man's evolution or even Ancient History, is possible without the interjection of Race.  Simply put, Whites have sought to make their own version of history, and in their history, they are the original humans, and the creators of the subsequent civilizations.

This is of course, a blatant lie. But since Whites control most major centers of knowledge, and the media too, these lies have become de facto truth.  The purpose of this site then, is to provide the truth - as best modern science knows it. Please click here for some thoughts on racism, and it's probable causes >>>

 

 

 

Cro-Magnon


Cro-Magnon is the name of a rock shelter near Dordogne France. Here several prehistoric skeletons were found in 1868, these human remains are of the Upper Paleolithic period, 40,000 –10,000 years ago. Among these bones is the cranium and mandible of a male about 50 years old. This male is considered representative of the Cro-Magnon type, and this particular specimen is known as the “Old Man of Cro-Magnon.”

The skull is longheaded, the forehead is straight, the brow ridges only slightly projecting, the cranial vault noticeably flattened, and the occipital bone (at the back of the head) projects backward. The cranial capacity is large, about 100 cubic inches. Although the skull is relatively long and narrow, the face appears quite short and wide. This combination is often regarded as a common feature of the Cro-Magnon race.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

<<Here again we see the White mans "Loose" use of fact, to portray "His" concepts of reality. The fact is that neither of these Busts accurately depict Cro-Magnon, as he is described by skeletal analysis. It's just that one "Alludes" to Blackness, and thus shows some attempt at accuracy, and the one from the "West" does not even do that.>>

 

 

 

 

 

 

The forward projection of the upper jaw is also distinctive. The eye sockets are low-set, wide, and rather square in shape; and the nasal aperture of the skull is narrow and strongly projecting. The mandible is robust, with massive ascending ramus (the upward projection of the lower jaw, where it attaches to the skull), has strongly developed points of muscular attachment, and a quite prominent chin. The stature of Cro-Magnon is from five feet five inches to five feet seven inches. Though in some areas they are taller.

The question of the relation of Cro-Magnons to the earliest forms of Homo-sapiens (like Neanderthal) is still unclear. It does appear however, that Cro-Magnons and Neanderthals are closer in affinity than was once believed. Though Cro-Magnon is found all over Europe, Asia and the Mediterranean, The tendency now is to locate the origin of the Cro-Magnon type Humanoid in the Middle-east: as typified by the remains found at the Jebel Qafzeh and Skhul sites in what is now Israel. Though the inescapable logical conclusion, is that Cro-Magnon is the product of Modern man cross-breeding with Neanderthal. Like all the other theory's relating to early man, it has not yet been proven. But just as complex as the origin of Cro-Magnons, is the duration of Cro-Magnons. It appears that they only flourished during the Upper Paleolithic (old stone age 40,000 - 4,000 years ago).

 

Cro-Magnoids

Modern type individuals with at least some Cro-Magnon characteristics (these are called Cro-Magnoids), are found during the stone age in Europe, roughly from 5,000 to about 2,000 B.C. At the same time, remains have also been found for individuals who were quite different, often broad-headed, (as opposed to narrow headed).

There are still some modern human groups that are thought to have retained a close relationship to Cro-Magnon types, at least in their cranial morphology. Particularly noteworthy of these are the Dal people from Dalecarlia (now Dalarna, Sweden.) and the Guanches of the Canary Islands, who are thought to represent a relatively pure Cro-Magnon stock.

 

Lets pursue the Guanches "Cro-Magnoids" a little further: these aboriginal peoples inhabited the western and eastern Canary Islands. They were first encountered by the conquering Spaniards at the beginning of the 15th century. Both populations are thought to have been of Cro-Magnon origin, and may possibly have come from central and southern Europe via north Africa, in some distant age. Both aboriginal groups had brown complexion skin, blue or gray eyes, and blondish hair. These characteristics still persist in a large number of present day inhabitants of the islands, but otherwise they are scarcely distinguishable in appearance or culture, from the current people of Spain. Neither original group now exists as a separate race. [Note: the Solomon Island Boy on the left, is a fully modern Human, NOT a "Cro-Magnoid". The picture is for the purpose of depicting coloration ONLY.]

When discovered by the Spaniards, these aborigines belonged to a stone age culture, though they were advanced enough to have pottery. Their food staples consisted mainly of milk, butter, goat flesh, pork, and some fruits; and their clothing was comprised of leather tunics or vests made of plaited rushes. They left alphabet-like engravings and characters whose meanings are obscure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Migrations of Modern Man

 

Australia, South Asia, and China

Eventually ancient Homo-sapien-sapiens (Modern Man), began to leave Africa: There were two great migrations East. The first of these occurred about 60,000 B.C. This group followed a coastal route across Southern Arabia and Southern Asia, then "Island Hopped" to Australia. The second wave of migration occurred about 50,000 B.C. These may have been big game hunters who after crossing Southern Arabia, followed an inland route in search of game; they reached China by about 45,000 B.C.

 

 

 

BBC Article

Early humans' route out of Africa 'confirmed'

 

A six-year effort to map the genetic patterns of humankind appears to confirm that early people first left Africa by crossing into Arabia. Ancestors of modern people in Europe, Asia and Oceania migrated along a southern route, not a northern route through Egypt as some had supposed. The results from the Genographic Project are published in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution.

It suggests an important role for South Asia in the peopling of the world. The ancestors of present-day non-African people left their ancestral homeland some 70,000 years ago. The researchers found that Indian populations had more genetic diversity - which gives an indication of the age of a population - than either Europeans or East Asians.

This supports the idea that pioneering settlers followed a southern coastal route as they populated east Asia and continued into Oceania. "This suggests that other fields of research such as archaeology and anthropology should look for additional evidence on the migration route of early humans," said co-author Ajay Royyuru, senior manager at IBM's Computational Biology Center, which was involved in analysing the study data.

A route out of Africa via the Arabian Peninsula, along the southern coast of Asia, explained the observed patterns in genetic diversity much better than a route through Egypt's Sinai desert. This agrees with other evidence showing that sea levels might have been low enough around 60-70,000 years ago for humans to cross from the horn of Africa into Arabia via the Bab-el-Mandeb straits in the Red Sea.

Click for link to original BBC article

 

In each new land that they found, some stayed behind and made it their home. In India they created the Indus Valley Civilization, in Burma and Thailand they eventually created the Ban Chiang and Mon civilizations. In Cambodia, they created the Khmer kingdoms of Funan and Angkor. In Vietnam, they created the Champa civilization. In Indonesia, they created civilizations in Malaya and the Indonesian archipelago. In Japan, they created the Jomon and Ainu cultures. In China, they were the creators of the first civilizations, the Xia and Shang civilizations.

 

 

 

 

 

New migration map released by National Geographic

 

 

A note of interest: The Bushman of the Kalahari desert in South Namibia.  Aka: The San People. Have by genetic analysis been determined to be the closest to the original Homo-sapien sapien in genetic makeup, and thus, the worlds Oldest Humans!

The Complete Khoisan and Bantu genomes from southern Africa have just been completed and published (Received 11 August 2009; Accepted 6 January 2010). Click here for the study >>>

 

 

 

 

 

 

Europe

Over time, the last obstacle to Modern Mans Migrations started to disappear: The Great Glacial Ice Sheets that once covered most of Europe, started to melt. The first Modern Human to enter Europe, at about 45,000 B.C. was the Khoisan type African, commonly called "Grimaldi Man". One known entry point into Europe for Grimaldi Man, was the straits of Gibraltar, which were passable because of the lowered Sea level caused by the "Ice Age".  Once in Europe, Grimaldi Man continued his migrations, and came to eventually inhabit all of Europe and Northern Asia. The Easternmost limit of his range, appears to have been the settlement known as Mal'ta in Siberia Russia, just north of Mongolia.

 

Thought Grimaldi Man is known to have established settlements as far south as Catal Huyuk in Anatolia. There is uncertainty as to whether it was Grimaldi descendants, or a different group, such as those who settled North Africa and the Middle East, that can be credited with the creation of the original Southern European civilizations, especially those in Italy and Greece. Likewise, there is uncertainty as to what part, if any, Grimaldi people played in the creation of the founding Xia and Shang civilizations of China. However, by virtue of their settlements at Mal'ta Siberia, it is certain that they were neighbors of the Africans who created those civilizations.

 

Click here for the History of the first Humans in Europe: The Grimaldi. Click >>>

 

 

 

Click here for examples of the Pre-Historic Art of the ancient Africans of Europe. Click >>>

 

 

North Africa and the Middle East

Thought the migrations of Modern Man into Europe, Asia, and the Americas, (and the civilizations created in those places), is covered here. The bulk of our presentation deals with Man's migration into North Africa and the Middle East. Where he creates great civilizations in Nubia, Egypt, Canaan, Mesopotamia, Iran, and India. Links at the bottom of the page, guide you through the presentation.

 

Specifics of these ancient East African migrations, which led to Modern Man's colonization of the entire world can be found here. Though as one would expect, when it comes to European and Anatolian (Turkey) settlement, it is not only inaccurate, it is downright Racist. But what would you expect? https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/lan/en/atlas.html

 

 

MARCH 14, 2011



Researchers find that modern humans originated in southern Africa

 

BY SANDEEP RAVINDRAN

 

The largest analysis of the genomic diversity of African hunter-gatherer populations reveals that modern humans likely originated in southern Africa, rather than eastern Africa as is generally assumed. This study provides the clearest idea yet of where modern humans originated.

About 60,000 years ago, modern humans left Africa and began the spread to other regions of the world. But the great genetic diversity of African populations made it hard to accurately predict where in Africa humans might have originated. Now, a team led by postdoctoral scholar in genetics Brenna Henn, PhD, and biology professor Marcus Feldman, PhD, has found that modern humans likely originated in southern Africa. To reach this conclusion, the researchers analyzed the largest dataset to date for hunter-gatherer populations. The study was published online March 7 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

“Our belief used to be that the center of humans leaving Africa was in east Africa. This paper focuses attention on southern Africa, and in particular a group of hunter-gatherers, the Bushmen, who speak one of the Khoisan languages,” said Feldman. These languages are characterized by the presence of “click” sounds.

Africa has been inferred to be the continent of origin for all modern human populations, with the earliest modern-human skulls having been discovered in east Africa. In addition, populations outside Africa contain a subset of the genetic diversity found there. As modern humans moved eastward, the level of variation decreased, reaching its minimum in the Americas. But the details of genetic evolution within Africa have remained hazy.

This is mainly because African populations are some of the most genetically diverse in the world. A lack of sufficient genetic samples, especially from the hunter-gatherer populations, made it hard to infer much about early human evolutionary history. “We’ve just never had enough people represented in our studies before,” Feldman said. “Without the participation of these people, patterns of evolution within Africa can’t be determined,” he said.

The current study provides “a much more satisfying answer,” said Feldman. “We just didn’t have as much DNA data earlier,” he said. Before this study, only a handful of Namibian Khoisan-speakers had been compared with other Africans. To get an accurate picture, the researchers needed to compare the genetics of different hunter-gatherer populations, as well as individuals within each population, at hundreds of thousands of sites in the DNA. According to Feldman, the researchers needed the participation of more Bushmen, and Henn, the paper’s first author, accomplished this.

The scientists analyzed variations in the individual nucleotide bases that make up DNA. They genotyped 650,000 such individual changes or “single-nucleotide polymorphisms” in people from 25 African populations. Apart from the click-speaking hunter-gatherer populations from South Africa and Tanzania, they also studied Pygmies and 21 agriculturalist populations. Statistical analysis showed that the Bushmen had the greatest genetic variation and are most likely to be the source population from which all other African populations diverged.

Different genetic variants contain different combinations of genes, which can be thought of as a single string. Genetic recombination breaks these strings into smaller segments. The older the population, the shorter the segments and the greater the genetic variation. It was already known that the most variation and hence shortest segments occurred in Africa. The new study found that within Africa, the Bushmen have the shortest segments, and segment length increases as one moves from south to north.

More than 5,000 years ago, sub-Saharan Africa was populated mainly by linguistically and culturally diverse hunter-gatherer populations. Since then, most of these populations have either gone extinct or turned to agriculture and pastoral living, leaving only the Pygmies in central Africa, a click-speaking tribe of Tanzania, the Hadza, and southern African Bushmen, as the last hunter-gatherers.

“The paper is also fascinating in that some hunter-gatherer groups have never mixed with their neighbors,” said Feldman. “The mystery is whether there ever was a connection between the different click-speaking peoples in the past. Brenna and the team have shown that if such a connection ever existed, it was long before the invention of agriculture.”

As evidence of the uniqueness of some of these populations, the researchers found that certain immune system proteins that appear almost nowhere else on Earth occurred at a higher frequency in one hunter-gatherer group. The scientists also found signs of natural selection related to genes involved in immune response and protection against pathogens.

Henn and Julie Granka, a graduate student in biology, recently revisited the South African Bushmen who participated in the study and took height and skin color measurements from the people whose DNA they had analyzed. “We will be collaborating with several South African scholars to look at such phenotypes in more detail,” Feldman said.

According to Feldman, despite large ongoing projects researchers still don’t know enough about human variation. “Not enough populations around the world have been studied,” he said. For example, “We don’t know much about Australian Aboriginals, indigenous Americans or South Asian people, who comprise nearly a sixth of the world’s population,” he said.

Feldman and other researchers working with the Human Genome Diversity Project, based at Centre d’Étude du Polymorphisme Humain in Paris, hope to engage other populations in the search for their evolutionary ancestry. “There are lots of evolutionary problems to be solved,” he said. “Analysis of DNA is our best chance to solve them.”

Genetics professor Carlos Bustamante, PhD, and postdoctoral scholar Jeffrey Kidd, PhD, are co-authors on the study, funded by the Center for Human Origins and Evolution, the Morrison Institute for Population and Resource Studies at Stanford, a UCSF Chancellor’s Graduate Research Fellowship and the National Institutes of Health.

 

 

The oldest man-made structure on earth is in South Africa,

it is known as Adams Calendar,

and more recently as Enkis Calendar.

 

Click for link to Adams Calendar page

 

 

This latest theory is worth considering because the San demonstrate a wide range of phenotypes that could easily evolve into the modern variations of Mongols, European Albinos, and Africans that we see today.

 

 

Modern San

       

 

       

 

Accepting the San as the first Humans also allows for easy explanation of African skin colors.

The UV index of South Africa reaches the maximum of eleven in only four to six months of the year. Therefore "Brown Skin" provides ample protection from the Sun.

 

 

 

But to the north at the Equator, the UV index is a CONSTANT maximum of eleven all year long.

 

 

There, the Blackest skin possible would be necessary to protect humans from the Sun.


   

 

That leaves just one more Human attribute to be explained:

Straight Hair.

Previously we have seen that Albinism (a defective "P" gene) actually straightens the hair.

 

 

And we have also seen that the effects of a defective "P" gene are not always universal. Thus a person with a defective "P" gene might only have it effect the EYES.

 

 

Or only the HAIR:

 

 

 

 

And of course, when the effects of a defective "P" gene ARE universal, we get the Dravidian Albino:

formerly of Central Asia, and now of Europe.

 

 

 

 

The presumed ancestry of Modern Mongols

 

Genetic data shows that the biochemical systems of Asian and European populations, appear to be more similar to each other, than they are to African populations. thus, Asians (Mongols) and Europeans (Caucasians) may have shared a common ancestry with each other, some 40,000 years ago and a common ancestry with African populations before that. The Out of Africa (OOA) migration, which took Africans into Asia, occurred at about 50,000 B.C. The modern Mongol shows great affiliation with San Africans in body type and facial features, thus the presumed genesis below.

 

San

+

Albino

=>

Chinese

 

 

Since White people interject themselves so pervasively in the "Presentation" of ancient history, though not in the actual making of it. We will go directly to the first contacts between Black and White people, since the (OOA) events, this occurs in Eastern Europe sometime around 1,500 B.C.  Click "NEXT" below.

 

 

Please visit the "Additional Material Area" for many more photographs of each civilization, and related material <Click>

 

 

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