The Andrewes family crest

The Picts of ancient Scotland were the tribe of the ancestors of the andrews family. The name andrews is derived from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly. Before the first dictionaries appeared in the last few hundred years, scribes spelled according to sound.


Agas is an ancient Anglo-Saxon surname that came from the baptismal name for the son of Agace. As the naming tradition grew in Europe baptismal names began to be introduced in many countries. Baptismal names were sometimes given in honor of Christian saints and other biblical figures. There are very few Christian countries in Europe that did not adopt surnames from these religious figures. Agas has been recorded under many different variations, including Haggas, Haggis, Hagis, Hagass, Haggist, Hagges, Hages, Hagus, Hagase, Aggas, Agas, Aggs, Agace, Agus and many more. First found in Huntingdonshire, where they held a family seat from very early times.


The ancient roots of the Annesley family name are in the Anglo-Saxon culture. The name Annesley comes from when the family lived at Warwickshire, and Annersley in Northumberland. The surname Annesley was originally derived from the Old English name Ansleah.
The spelling variations under which the name Annesley has appeared include Annesley, Annesly, Annisley, Annisly, Annersley, Annersly, Anesly and many more. First found in Oxfordshire where the family held a family seat at Bletchington from ancient times, some say, well before the Norman Conquest in 1066. They were Lords of the Manor of Bletchington.


Charlotte Sophie of Mecklenburg Strelitz, Queen of George III of Britain

The Drake Jewel



Isaac George, Violent Theft > highway robbery, 28th June 1738.

Reference Number: t17380628-5
Offence: Violent Theft > highway robbery
Verdict: Guilty
Punishment: Death
Related Material: Ordinary's Account, 19th July 1738, Associated Records
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Isaac George (a Blackamoor) was indicted for assaulting John Gravener , in the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Pair of Silver-bow'd Scissars, value 5 s. a Silver Spatula, value 4 s. a Silver Probe, value 6 d. a Steel crooked Needle, value 1 d a Fish skin Case with Silver Hinges and Clasps, value 10 s. 6 d. three Lancers, with Tortoiseshell Scales, value 3 s. a Gum Lancet, value 1 s. a black Shagreen Case, value 5 s. a Silver Seal, value 2 s. 6 d. and 7 d. in Money , April 30 .

Mr. Gravener. As I return'd from Endfield , on Sunday Night, the 30th of April, the Prisoner and another Man attack'd me in the Highway. They struck at me with their Clubs, and my Horse threw me. I got up, and ran away from them, about 150 or 200 Yards towards Islington Town, but happening to fall in a Cart-rut, the Prisoner and his Accomplice overtook me, and robb'd me of the Things mention'd in the Indictment, they likewise took from me 6 d. and some Half-pence. The Prisoner was the Man that seiz'd me first, and he and his Comrade rifled me. When I fell from my Horse I lost my Hat, so after I had been rifled, I desired them to let me have my Hat; they said, they did not desire that, and I went back with them, to the Place where I fell, and found it, the two Men guarding me all the Time. The Reason of my desiring to go back was, that I thought some Body might come by, as we were going up the Road, and then I would have endeavour'd to have taken them. I am sure the Prisoner is one of the Men that robb'd me, - he is a Black, and 'twas he that walk'd on my right Hand, when I went back to look for my Hat.

Prisoner. I know nothing of this Affair.

Mr. Gravener. When I first saw the Prisoner in Bridewell, I asked him if he knew me? He said, - No, he never saw me (to his Knowledge) before in his Life. I asked him if he could give any Account how he had spent his Time last Monday? Yes, says he, I have been a Month in the Hospital, and was discharged from thence about a Fortnight ago, and the People of the Hospital can be Witnesses for me. Guilty Death.


The "Drake Jewel"
On another occasion Elizabeth I gave Drake a second miniature portrait, in which she stood at the focus of a sunburst, to use as a hat badge. That Drake, a commoner who rose to the position of state champion on the raid to Cadiz and Vice-Admiral of the Armada, was so honored marked his extraordinary place in the world. National Maritime Museum, London.

More fascinating to present admirers of the Drake Jewel is the other side with the intaglio cut cameo of sardonyx featuring an African male bust in profile superimposed over the profile of a European. There is some debate whether the European is a regal woman or a Roman Briton of the sort William Camden was idealizing in his Britannia. It is not the face of any contemporary man—and certainly not Drake—for it is clean shaven. The symbolism here operates in two registers: a general imperial iconics in which the global range of imperium is figured in the equivalent faces of the African Emperor and the English Empress. (Karen Dalton has discussed this symbolism in a recent piece in Early Modern Visual Culture, [Peter Erikson and Clark Hulse, eds., University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000].) There is also a much more pointed symbolism meant particularly for Drake. The conjoint effort of Africa and the English will liberate the world from the power of Spain.

Charlotte Sophie of Mecklenburg Strelitz, Queen of George III of Britain