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Ancient Man and His First Civilizations

Kings of Egypt

Set 2

Photos of Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs


Note: As with almost all statues of Egypt and the Middle East, certain modifications were made to the facial features – chiefly the Nose.








































































































































































The Dream Stele of Tuthmosis IV

The age of the Sphinx has never been determined, however it is known that the Sphinx was buried for a long time in the sand. It was King Thutmose IV (1425 - 1417 B.C.) who placed a stela between the front paws of the figure. On this stela, Thutmose describes an event that happened while he was still a prince. He had gone hunting and fell asleep in the shade of the sphinx. During a dream, the sphinx spoke to Thutmose and told him to clear away the sand. The sphinx told him that if he did this, he would be rewarded with the kingship of Egypt.

The stela reads: Now the statue of the very great Khepri (the Great Sphinx) resting in this place, great of fame, sacred of respect, the shade of Ra resting on him. Memphis and every city on its two sides came to him, their arms in adoration to his face, bearing great offerings for his ka.

One of these days it happened that prince Tuthmosis came traveling at the time of midday. He rested in the shadow of the great god. (Sleep and dream took possession of me) at the moment the sun was at zenith. Then he found the majesty of this noble god speaking from his own mouth like a father speaks to his son, and saying, 'Look at me, observe me, my son Tuthmosis. I am your father, Horemakhet-Khepri-Ra-Atum.

I shall give to you the kingship (upon the land before the living)... Behold, my condition is like one in illness, all my limbs being ruined. The sand of the desert, upon which I used to be, (now) confronts me; and it is in order to cause that you do what is in my heart that I have waited.