http://www.buildinghistory.org/distantpast/ancientdna.shtml

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2010

http://www.isogg.org/tree/

PhyloTree's mtDNA tree.

http://www.phylotree.org/

 

 

 

 

Ancient Western Eurasian DNA


Table 1: Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups extracted from historic and prehistoric human remains in Europe and related remains in Asia and North Africa, arranged chronologically. Note that dates for particular cultures vary from region to region, so there is chronological overlap in the periods.

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

pigmentation from genes
pigmentation surviving
Links to site description and/or [reconstruction of individual]

Sex

Date
(usually approx.)

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source

Palaeololithic
European Palaeolothic and Mesolithic mtDNA mapped by Luis Aldamiz


Haplogroup Additional information Haplogroup Additional information
Russia Kostenki 14 [ Markina Gora ] M 30,000 BP U2 11467, 12308, 12372, 1811, 16051 Krause 2010
Gravettian
Italy Paglicci Cave [23]
28,000 BP

HV? or U?
CRS Caramelli 2008
Gravettian United Kingdom Paviland, South Wales [ Red Lady ] M 26,000 BP

Unreliable

CRS

Cloning not used.

Sykes 2000
Gravettian Russia Sunghir [ S2

[ S2 and S3 burial ]

M 25,000 BP

HV? or U?
16129A In same grave as S3. Probable sibling. Alexeeva 2000
Gravettian Russia Sunghir [ S3 ] F 25,000 BP

HV? or U? 16129A See above Alexeeva 2000
Gravettian Italy Paglicci Cave [12]
24,000 BP

N* 16223T; 00073G, 10873C, 10238T, 10397A, 10398A, 10399C, 10400C Caramelli 2003
Gravettian Italy Paglicci Cave [25]
24,000 BP


HV or R0

[R0= pre-HV]

CRS in HVR1, 7,025 AluI, 00073A,

11719G, 12308A

Caramelli 2003
Solutrian Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-NM82.2] 18,000-15,000 BC R0? 16126C 16311Y Fernández 2005
Solutrian Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-NT79] 18,000-15,000 BC U 16192T 16311C Fernández 2005
Magdalenian Germany Hohler Fels [49 Ib1 66]
13,400 BC

U CRS in HVR1; 1721C 7028Y 12372A
14766T 14793A
Bramanti 2009
Magdalenian Germany Hohler Fels [10 Ic 405]
13,400 BC

U 1721C 7028T 12372A 14766T
14793A
Bramanti 2009
Magdalenian Spain El Pirulejo [1P1] 11,500-10,500 BC ? 16182C 16183C 16189C Fernández 2005
Magdalenian Spain El Pirulejo [2P1] 11,500-10,500 BC Unreliable CRS Fernández 2005
Mesolithic

Pitted Ware sites are classed as Mesolithic here, because of their hunter-gatherer economy, though they fall within the Neolithic period.








Italy Villabruna, Trentino-South Tyrol
12,267-11,831 BC

H ? 16261, 16274 Di Benedetto 2000
England Gough's Cave, Cheddar [Not Cheddar Man] 10,500 BC HV or U? CRS Sykes 2000
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco

Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt


10,000 BC


H, HV or U? 11 samples of CRS Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf 55-IB]
10,000 BC

H? 16239T Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf VI-10]
10,000 BC

H? 16124T/C 16239T Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf V 26]
10,000 BC

H? 16204C 16226T Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf XVIa2-19]
10,000 BC

H? 16189C 16261T Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf 55-I]
10,000 BC

R0? 16126C 16355T Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf V 18]
10,000 BC

R0? 16126C 16304C Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf XXV 3]
10,000 BC

R0? 16126C Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf XXIV]
10,000 BC

? 16126C 16172C 16174T Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf VI9E]
10,000 BC

?
16172C 16174T Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf V 27]
10,000 BC

V? 16298T/C Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf XIX a]
10,000 BC

V? 16179T 16298T/C Kefi 2005
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [Taf VIII]
10,000 BC

R? 16223T Kefi 2005

Portugal




H??
Chandler 2005

Portugal




U*
Chandler 2005

Portugal




U5
Chandler 2005

Russia Chekalino ? 7800 BC

U5a 192T 256T 270T 294T; +12308 HinfI
Bramanti 2009

Russia Lebyazhinka [IVa]
M 8000-7000 BC

U5a1 192T 241C 256T 270T 399G; +12308 HinfI
Bramanti 2009

Germany Falkensteiner Höhle M 7200 BC

U5b2 1721T 7028T 12372A 14766T 14793A
Bramanti 2009
Portugal Toledo, Lourinha [K-13] 7200-6800 BC R? 16223T Fernández 2005

England Gough's Cave, Cheddar [ Cheddar Man ] M 7000 BC

U5 16192T, 16270T ISOGG

Germany Bad Dürrenberg [2] F 6850 BC

U4 356C; +12308 HinfI +7028 AluI
Bramanti 2009

Germany Hohlenstein-Stadel [5830a] M 6700 BC

U5a 114A 192T 256T 294T 311C; 1721C 7028T 12372A 14766T
14793G
Bramanti 2009

Germany Hohlenstein-Stadel [5830b] F 6700 BC

U5b2 192T 270T; 1721T 7028T 12372A
14766T 14793A
Bramanti 2009
Kunda Culture Lithuania Spiginas [4] F 6350 BC

U4 356C; +12308 HinfI +7028 AluI
Bramanti 2009
Kunda Culture? Lithuania Donkalnis [1] F


U5b2? 192T 270T; +12308 HinfI 14793A
Bramanti 2009
Narva Culture Lithuania Kretuonas [3] M 4450 BC

U5b2? 192T 270T; +12308 HinfI 14793A
Bramanti 2009
Narva Culture Lithuania Kretuonas [1] F 4200 BC

U5b2? 192T 270T; +12308 HinfI 14793A
Bramanti 2009
Zedmar culture? Poland Dudka [2] ? 3650 BC

U5b1 189C 270T; +12308 HinfI
Bramanti 2009
Zedmar Culture Poland Dudka [3] ? 4000-3000 BC

U5b1 189C 265G 270T; +12308 HinfI
+7028 AluI
Bramanti 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 14, 19]
2800-2000 BC

? 2 samples 16311C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 13]
2800-2000 BC

U4 16260T 16356C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 52b, 66, 70]
2800-2000 BC

U4 3 samples
16093C 16356C
Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 54 ]
2800-2000 BC

U5 16270T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 36]
2800-2000 BC

U5 16270T 16362C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 5, 29a]
2800-2000 BC

U5a 2 samples
16256T 16270T
Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 52a]
2800-2000 BC

V 16298C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Fridtorp, Västerhejde, Gotland [Fri 15, Frid 22]
2800-2000 BC

U4 2 samples 16356C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Fridtorp, Västerhejde,, Gotland [Fri 4]
2800-2000 BC

U5 16270T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Fridtorp, Västerhejde,, Gotland [Fri 27]
2800-2000 BC

U5a 16256T 16270T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 8]
2800-2000 BC

K 16093C 16224C 16242T 16311C
Reported as J
Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 6B]
2800-2000 BC

T 16126C 16294T 16296T 16304C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 9]
2800-2000 BC

U4 16093C 16356C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 3]
2800-2000 BC

U4 16356C Malmstrom 2009

Poland Drestwo [2] M 2250 BC

U5a 192T 256T 270T; +12308 HinfI
Bramanti 2009

 

 

Neolithic
European Neolithic and Copper Age mtDNA mapped by L.Aldamiz








Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Dja'de el Mughara [SK-A2] 7400-6700 BC T2b 16218T 16294T 16304C 16320T Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H3, H4, H45] 6800-6000 BC H or K 2 samples from house 4C and one from 4D 16224C Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H25] 6800-6000 BC ? 16327T Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H68] 6800-6000 BC T2b 16266T 16294T 16304C Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H53] 6800-6000 BC H5 16304C Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H24 ] 6800-6000 BC T2b 16294T 16304C 16230T Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H7, H36] 6800-6000 BC K? 2 samples 16311C Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H49] 6800-6000 BC R? 16223T Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H37] 6800-6000 BC L2a1 16223T 16261T 16278T 16294T 16309G Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H43] 6800-6000 BC L2a1 16261T 16278T 16294T 16309G Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-31] 6000-5750 BC H 16147A Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [T65-14] 6000-5750 BC K 16224C 16311C Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-C8-SEB, T65-1S] 6000-5750 BC K 2 samples 16224C 16311C 16366T Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R66-N4-400] 6000-5750 BC C1 16224C 16298C 16325C 16327T Fernández 2005
Impressed ware Portugal

 5500-4750 BC


H
Chandler 2005
Impressed ware Portugal

5500-4750 BC


U*
Chandler 2005
Impressed ware Portugal

5500-4750 BC


U5
Chandler 2005
Impressed ware Portugal

5500-4750 BC


V
Chandler 2005
LBK Austria Asparn Schletz [ASP2]
5500 BC ??


H* -12308 Hinf -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Eilsleben [EIL1]
5500 BC ??

H* -12308 Hinf -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Flomborn [FLO2]
5500 BC ??


H* -12308 Hinf -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Schwetzingen [SCHWE4]
5500 BC ??


H* -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Seehausen [SEE1]
5500 BC ??


J*
Haak 2005
LBK Germany Flomborn [FLO5 and FLO6]
5500 BC ??


K 2 samples Haak 2005
LBK Germany Unterwiederstedt [UWS2]
5500 BC ??


K
Haak 2005
LBK Germany Halberstadt [2] ? 5500 BC ??


N1a in Haak

N1a1a2 in Gounder 2010

207, 8485, 15299, 16086C, 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T 16355T Haak 2005

Gounder 2010

LBK Germany Flomborn [1] ? 5500 BC ??

N1a in Haak

N1a1a1 in Gounder 2010

@2702, 8164, 9300, 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Haak 2005

Gounder 2010

LBK Germany Unterweiderstedt [5] F 5500 BC ??

N1a in Haak

N1a1a in Gounder 2010

16129A, 16147A, 16154C, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Haak 2005

Gounder 2010

LBK Germany Flomborn [FLO4]
5500 BC ??

T
Haak 2005
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL3]
5500 BC ??


T
Haak 2005
LBK Germany Schwetzingen [SCHWE1, SCHWE2 and SCHWE5]
5500 BC ??


T 3 samples Haak 2005
LBK Germany Vaihingen an der Enz [VAI3]
5500 BC ??


U3
Haak 2005
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL1]
5500 BC ??


V -12308 Hinf +7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Moravia Vedrovice 5300 BC K 2 examples Bramanti 2008
LBK Moravia Vedrovice 5300 BC T2 2 examples Bramanti 2008
LBK Moravia Vedrovice 5300 BC H Bramanti 2008
LBK Moravia Vedrovice 5300 BC J1c Bramanti 2008
Alföldi Vonaldiszes
Kerámia (AVK)
Hungary Ecsegfalva I ? 5250-5000 BC

N1a in Haak

N1a1b in Gounder 2010

@152, 1711, 7750, 8227, 8573, 10143, 10454, 11884, 12358, 16093, 16147A 16172C, 16189C, 16223T, 16248T, 16274A, 16355T Haak 2005

Gounder 2010

LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB 20] M 5247 BC F* (G,H,I,J,K) M89 HV 16311C Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB 21] F 5122 BC H rCRS Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB3] F 5117 BC


N1a in Haak

N1a1a1 in Gounder

@2702, 8164, 9300, 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T 16355T Haak 2005

Haak 2010

Gounder 2010

LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB39] F 5117 BC
T2 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB4 and DEB5] M + inf
5112 BC


HV 2 samples 16311C
-12308 Hinf +7025 Alu I
Haak 2005

Haak 2010

LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB32] F 5112 BC H rCRS Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB1] F? 5000 BC ?


N1a in Haak

N1a1b in Gounder

@152, 1711, 7750, 8227, 8573, 10143, 10454, 11884, 12358, 16093, 16147A ,16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16355T Haak 2005

Haak 2010

Gounder 2010

LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB2] F
5000 BC ?


K 16224C, 16311C

Haak 2005

Haak 2010

LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB6] 5000 BC ?
H Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB9] F 5000 BC ?
H rCRS Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB11] F? 5000 BC ?
T Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB10] M 5000 BC ?
K 16093C, 16224C, 16311C
Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB2] Inf M? 5000 BC ?
W 16093C, 16223T, 16292T Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB15] Inf F? 5000 BC ?
T2 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB22] F 5000 BC ? N1a 16092C, 16129A, 16147A, 16154C, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB26 and DEB30] M? + F? 5000 BC ? J 2 samples of 16069T, 16126C Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB34] M 5000 BC ? G2a3 M201, P287, S126 (L30) W 16093C, 16223T, 16292T Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB33] F? 5000 BC ? T2 16126C, 16147T, 16293G, 16294T, 16296T, 16297C, 16304T Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB36] F 5000 BC ? U5a1a 16093C, 16256T, 16270T, 16399G Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB38] M 5000 BC ? F* (G,H,I,J,K) M89 K 16093C, 16224C, 16311C Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB35] F? 5000 BC ? T 16126C, 16189C, 16294T, 16296T Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB37] F 5000 BC ? J 16069T, 16126T Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB29] F? 4982 BC K Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB12] Inf M? 4910 BC V 16298C Haak 2010

Italy Mezzocorona, Trentino-South Tyrol
4444-4326 BC

T2b3a 16126, 16292, 16294 Di Benedetto 2000

Italy Borgo Nuovo, Trentino-South Tyrol
4240-3930 BC

H CRS Di Benedetto 2000

Megalithic

France Péré tumulus C, Prissé-la-Charrière [4] 4200 BC N1a 16172C, 16189C, 16223T, 16248T, 16274A, 16355T Deguilloux 2010
Megalithic France Péré tumulus C, Prissé-la-Charrière [2] 4200 BC U5b 16189C, 16270T, 16271C, Deguilloux 2010
Megalithic France Péré tumulus C, Prissé-la-Charrière [1] M 4200 BC X2 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Deguilloux 2010
Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-1829] 3875 BC H11a or L1b 16126C 16264T 16270T 16278T 16293G 16311C Fernández 2008

Spain Camii de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

H? 3 samples CRS Sampietro 2007

Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

H 288C 362C Sampietro 2007

Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

I1 (129A) 223T 264T 270T 311C 319A 362C Sampietro 2007

Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

J 2 samples, both 069T 126C Sampietro 2007

Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

T2 126C, 140C, 294T, 296T, 311C Sampietro 2007

Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

T2 126C, 140C, 189C, 294, 296T, 311C Sampietro 2007

Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

U4 134T Sampietro 2007

Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona
3500-3000 BC

W1 223T, 292T, 295T, 304C Sampietro 2007

Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam , Araba
3300-3042 BC


H 23 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba
3300-3042 BC


J 10 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba
3300-3042 BC


K 14 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba
3300-3042 BC

U 11 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba
3300-3042 BC

T or X 3 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

 

Copper Age
Chalcolithic

Funnel Beaker sites are classed as Copper Age here, following Baldia , though described in these studies as Mesolithic (Bramanti) or Neolithic (Malmstrom)

Bell Beaker classed here as Copper Age, though described as Neolithic in Melchior








Funnel Beaker Sweden Frälsegården, Gokhem [Ste 7]
3500-2500 BC

T 16126C 16294T 16304C Malmstrom 2009
Funnel Beaker Sweden Frälsegården, Gokhem [Ste 9]
3500-2500 BC

J 16069T 16126C 16278T Malmstrom 2009
Funnel Beaker Sweden Frälsegården, Gokhem  [Gok 4]
3500-2500 BC

H CRS Malmstrom 2009
Remedello Italy Ötztal Alps [ Otzi ] M 3350-3100 BC

K1ö 263G 8137T 1189C 1811G 9055A 9698C 14167T 16224C 16311C 16362C

Mitosearch: 4q6ja

Rollo 2006
Ermini 2008
Endicott 2009
Funnel Beaker Germany Ostorf [SK28a] M 3200 BC

K 224C 311C Bramanti 2009
Funnel Beaker Germany Ostorf [SK8d] M 3200 BC

U5 270T; +12308 HinfI +7028 AluI
Bramanti 2009
Funnel Beaker Germany Ostorf [SK35] F 3100 BC

U5 270T; +12308 HinfI +7028 AluI
Bramanti 2009
Funnel Beaker Germany Ostorf [SK12a] M 3000 BC

T2e 093 126C 153A 294T Bramanti 2009
Funnel Beaker Germany Ostorf [SK18] M 3000 BC

T2e 093C 126C 153A 294T Bramanti 2009
Funnel Beaker Germany Ostorf [SK45a] ? 3000 BC

J 069T 126C Bramanti 2009
Funnel Beaker Germany Ostorf [SK19] M 2950 BC

U5a 168T 192T 256T 270T 302G; +12308 HinfI +7028 AluI
Bramanti 2009

Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia
2790-2100 BC

H 9 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia
2790-2100 BC

J 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia
2790-2100 BC

K 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia
2790-2100 BC

U 3 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia
2790-2100 BC

T or X 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Longar, Nafarroa
2580-2450 BC

H 11 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Longar, Nafarroa
2580-2450 BC

K 6 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Longar, Nafarroa
2580-2450 BC

U 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Longar, Nafarroa
2580-2450 BC

T or X 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Longar, Nafarroa
2580-2450 BC

? 2 samples other haplogroups
Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-NAP] 2260 BC H11a or Lib 16129A 16264T 16270T 16278T 16293G 16311C Fernández 2008
Spain Abauntz, Navarra [ABb1.1] M? 2240 BC H? CRS Fernández 2005
Spain Abauntz, Navarra [AB23C] 2240 BC R or H? 16126C 16311C Fernández 2005
Spain Abauntz, Navarra [AB25E] 2240 BC H14? 16256T Fernández 2005
Bell Beaker Denmark Damsbo [D1] 2,200 BC U4 7028T, 12308G, 16356C Melchior 2010
Bell Beaker Denmark Damsbo [D2] 2,200 BC U5a 7028T, 12308G, 16114A, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T Melchior 2010
Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-3] 2130 BC L2 16261T 16278T 16294T 16309G Fernández 2005
Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-6] 2130 BC H or K 16224C Fernández 2005
Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-8] 2130 BC R or H? 16126C 16311C Fernández 2005
Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-11] 2130 BC 16261T 16278T 16294T 16309G Fernández 2005
Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-18] 2130 BC L2 16261T 16278T 16294T 16309G Fernández 2005
Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [COST1] H 16293R [in 2008 study] Fernández 2006; Gamba 2008 ; Oliver 2008
Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [COST3] R? (reported as L3a?) 16223Y [in 2008 study] Fernández 2006; Gamba 2008; Oliver 2008
Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [COST4, COST5, 3COST4] H or U 3 samples CRS Fernández 2006; Gamba 2008
Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [3COST1, 3COST3] H or RO 2 samples 16362C Fernández 2006
Spain Malpaso cave, Castellnovo (Castellon) [1MP1] D 16223T, 16325C, 16362C Gamba 2008
Spain Malpaso cave [4MP12] V 16298C Gamba 2008
Spain Malpaso cave [2MP4] H20? (reported as L3?) 16218T, 16223T Gamba 2008
Spain Jovellus sepulchre, Benicassim (Castellon) [1JO1] H20? (reported as L3?) 16218Y, 16223Y Gamba 2008
Spain Assud de Villareal 2nd sepulchre, Almassora (Castellon) [1AV1] H20? (reported as L3?) 16218Y, 16223Y Gamba 2008

 

Bronze Age
European Bronze Age mtDNA mapped by Luis Aldamiz








Sumerian Syria Mari [1] 2900-2700 BC H14a 16256T 16297C Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [2] 2900-2700 BC U4 16356C Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [5] 2900-2700 BC U4a2b 16223T 16356C Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [10] 2550 BC R 16223T Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [11] 2550 BC J1a1 16126C 16145A 16231C 16356C Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [12] 2550 BC L2a1 16223T 16256T 16261T 16278T 16294T 16309G Fernández 2005
Amorite? Syria Terqa (Tell Ashara), Middle

Euphrates Valley [TQ 28 F250]

F 2650–2450 BC K 16224C, 16311C Tomczyk 2010
Corded Ware Germany
Eulau [98-7]
F 2600 BC


H 16093C, 16221T Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [90-5] F 2600 BC

I 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [93-13] ? 2600 BC

K1a2 16145A, 16224C, 16311C Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [99-1] F 2600 BC

K1b 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [99-2 and 4] M 2600 BC R1a1 SRY10831.2

Y-Search 2C46S

K1b Siblings, children of 99-1 and 99 -3.
16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A
Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [99-3] M 2600 BC R1a1 SRY10831.2

Y-Search 2C46S

U5b 16189C, 16192T, 16270T Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [98-9 and 10] M
+
F
2600 BC

X2 Siblings in same grave.
16189C, 16223T, 16278T 73G, 153G, 195C, 225A, 226C, 263G
Haak 2008
Turkey Titris Höyük [TH6070, TH6075, TH11704, TH60214, TH63203, TH63218, TH80076, TH80078, TH80080, TH80086 ] 4 F, 3 M + 3 child 2300-2100 BC H? 10 samples of CRS Matney 2010
Turkey Titris Höyük [TH14110] F 2300-2100 BC ? 16278 Matney 2010
Turkey Titris Höyük [TH80088] M 2300-2100 BC ? 16139 Matney 2010
Thracian Romania South East [1BA]
2100-1200 BC

H17 16129C Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [5BA]
2100-1200 BC

? 16186T 16189C 16299T Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [7BA]
2100-1200 BC

? 16129A 16223T Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [8BA]
2100-1200 BC

H22? 16145A Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [9BA]
2100-1200 BC

HV? 16311C
Cardos 2004
Tocharian? China Urumchi, Tarim Basin, Xinjiang Autonomous Region
2000 BC

H
Mallory and Mair 2000 ; Francalacci 1995
Tocharian? China Xiaohe (Small River) Cemetery, Tarim Basin, Xinjiang Autonomous Region [100, 102] F 1980±40 BC C4 2 samples 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [106] M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [107]
Nut-brown hair
F 1980±40 BC C4 16223 16298C 16309 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian?

China

Xiaohe, Xinjiang [109]
Light brown hair
F 1980±40 BC C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [110]
Brown hair
F 1980±40 BC C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [111]
Brown hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16223 16298C 16309 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [115]
Brown black hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [117] F 1980±40 BC M* 16223 16304 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [119]
Light brown hair
F 1980±40 BC K 1693 16134T 16224 16311 16390 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [120]
Brown-black hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 R* 16189 16192 16311 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [121] M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 R* 16183 16189 16192 16311 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [127] F 1980±40 BC C4 16223 16298C 16309 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [128]
Brown-black hair
F 1980±40 BC H 16260T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [131]
Nut-brown hair
F 1980±40 BC R* 16189 16192 16311 16390 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [132]
Nut-brown hair
F 1980±40 BC C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [135]
Black hair
F 1980±40 BC C4 16223 16298C 16309 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [136]
Nut-brown hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [138]
Brown-black hair
F 1980±40 BC C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [139]
Brown hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C 16327T Li 2010
Andronovo Russia Tatarka cemetery, burial 64 Charypovsky region [S07]
Loren/Oberoi in Table 3
M 1800–1400 BC C (not C3) Ci in Table 2 U4 16356C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Tatarka, burial 55 [S08]
Brown eyes
F 1800–1400 BC

Z1 16129A 16185T 16223T 16224C 16260T 16298C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa IV, kourgane I, burial 3, Krasnoyarsk region [S09]
Kelly/Craig in Table 3
M 1800–1400 BC

T1 16126C 16163G 16186T 16189C 16294T Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa IV, kourgane I, burial 4 [S10] Brown hair M 1800–1400 BC R1a1 Rii in  table 2 U2e 16051G 16092C 16129C 16183C 16189C 16362C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa I, burial 4
[S11] Blue or green eyes
F 1800–1400 BC

T4 16126C 16294T 16324C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa IV, kurgane I, burial 4 [S13] ? 1800–1400 BC

H6 16187T 16362C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa I, burial 4
Krasnoyarsk region [S14]
Weaver/Ford in Table 3
F 1800–1400 BC

U4 16356C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa I, burial 29
[S15] Blue or green eyes
? 1800–1400 BC

K2b 16093C 16224C 16311C 16319A Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Oust-Abakansty, chief kurgan, Khakassia republic [S16] Kelly/Craig in Table 3 M 1800–1400 BC R1a1 Rii in table 2 U5a1 16192T 16256T 16270T Keyser 2009
Mycenaen Greece Grave Circle B, Mycenae [55, 58]
1500 BC

K Brother and sister?
16224 and 16311
Bouwman 2008
Mycenaen Greece Grave Circle B, Mycenae [Z59]
1500 BC

U5a1/U5a1a 16256, 16266 and 16270 Bouwman 2008
Mycenaen Greece Grave Circle B, Mycenae [A62]
1500 BC

H? CRS Bouwman 2008

Ireland Glencurran Cave
1500 BC

U5
IT Sligo News
Denmark Bredtoftegård [Bt1] 1500-1300 BC U4 7028T, 12308G, 16179T, 16356 Melchior 2010

Spain Urratxa, Bizkaia
1475-1405 BC

H 2 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Urratxa, Bizkaia
1475-1405 BC

J 2 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999

Spain Urratxa, Bizkaia
1475-1405 BC
U 2 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Oi-Zhaylau-III, Talapty-II
1400-1000 BC

T1 126 163 186 189 294 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Oi-Zhaylau-III, Talapty-II
1400-1000 BC


T1 093 126 163 186 189 294 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Vodokhranilische (Kourgan 4)
1400-1000 BC

HV 129 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Vodokhranilische (Kourgan 4)
1400-1000 BC

I 129 223 294 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Vodokhranilische (Kourgan 4)
1400-1000 BC


T* 126 288 294 296 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Ak-Mustafa (Kourgan 2)
1400-1000 BC


U5 187 192 260 270 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Izmaylovka (Kourgan 7,10)
1400-1000 BC


H CRS Lalueza-Fox 2004
Steppe nomads Kazakhstan Izmaylovka (Kourgan 7,10)
1400-1000 BC

U5a1 192 256 270 311 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Karasuk Russia Oust-Abakansty, kurgan IV, burial 1, Khakassia republic [S18]
Blue or green eyes
F 1400–800 BC

U5a1 114A 256T 270T 294T Keyser 2009
Karasuk Russia Bogratsky, burial I
Khakassia republic [S19]
Blue or green eyes
F 1400–800 BC

U4* 356C 362C Keyser 2009
Nuragic Italy

Carbonia, Sardinia [CA02]

1430 BC H CRS Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Carbonia, Sardinia [CA14]; 1430 BC U2 16051G Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE81, SE 84] 1300 BC H 2 samples CRS Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE13] 1300 BC U2 16051G Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE01] 1300 BC H 16126C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE02] 1300 BC J 16069T, 16126C, 16192T Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE60] 1300 BC H 16278T Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [SR38, ST47] 1300-1200 BC H 2 samples CRS Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy

S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST15, ST54]

1300-1200 BC H or U 2 samples of 16129C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST08] 1300-1200 BC ? 16223T Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST30] 1300-1200 BC H 16126C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST16] 1300-1200 BC H 16311C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Fluminimaggiore, Sardinia [FL04] 1265 BC H or U 16129C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010

Germany Lichtenstein Cave, near Dorste, Lower Saxony [M1, M2, M7] M 1000 BC I2b2 Ii in Table 2 H 3 samples Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M3, M6] M 1000 BC I2b2 Iii in Table 2 H 2 samples Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M14] M 1000 BC I2b2? Iii? in Table 2 H
Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M4, M5, M19] M 1000 BC I2b2 Iiii in Table 2 H 3 samples Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M8, M16] M 1000 BC I2b2 Ii in Table 2 U5b 2 samples Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M10] M 1000 BC R1a1 Ri in Table 2 T2?
Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M11] M 1000 BC R1a1? Ri? in Table 2 U
Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M9] M 1000 BC R1b Rbi in Table 2 H
Schilz 2006
Schweitzer 2008

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F1, F12, F13, F19, F20, F21]  F 1000 BC

H 6 samples Schilz 2006

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F2, F3, M12, M15] F 1000 BC

J* 4 samples Schilz 2006

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F14] F 1000 BC

J1b1
Schilz 2006

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F5, F6, F10, F16] F 1000 BC

T2 4 samples Schilz 2006

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F9, F18] F 1000 BC

U 2 samples Schilz 2006

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F15] F 1000 BC

U (2?)
Schilz 2006

Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F4, F7, F8] F 1000 BC

U5b 3 samples Schilz 2006
Spain Macanet cave, Llucena (Castellon) [1MN1] H CRS Gamba 2008
Nuragic Italy

Perdasdefogu, Sardinia [PE11, PE20, PE23]


930 BC

H 3 samples CRS
Caramelli 2007

Ghirotto 2010

Nuragic Italy Perdasdefogu, Sardinia [PE15] 930 BC V 16129C, 16298C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Perdasdefogu, Sardinia [PE25] 930 BC H? 16223T Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010

 

Iron Age
European mtDNA c. 600 BCE-800 CE mapped by Luis Aldamiz








Babadag Romania SE near the Black Sea coast [1IA, 2IA]
1000-600 BC


2 samples 16262C [incomplete sequences] Cardos 2004
Babadag Romania SE near the Black Sea coast [5IA]
1000-600 BC


CRS [incomplete] Cardoa 2004
Babadag Romania SE near the Black Sea coast [10IA]
1000-600 BC


16192T 16284C Cardos 2004
Kazakhstan Zevakinskiy
800-600 BC

H 3 samples CRS Lalueza-Fox 2004
Kazakhstan Zevakinskiy
800-600 BC

U1 189 249 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Kazakhstan Zevakinskiy
800-600 BC

W 223 292 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu? Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 1,8,9,11,12,23,29)
800-400 BC

G2 189 223 278 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 1,8,9,11,12,23,29)
800-400 BC

H CRS Lalueza-Fox 2004
Tagar Russia Novosselovsky region, Anach village, kurgan I, burial 3 [S21]
Rai/Sinatra in Table 3
? 800 BC–100 AD

T3 126C 189C 292T 294T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Novosselovsky region, Anach village, kurgan I, burial 4 [S22]
Brown eyes
F 800 BC–100 AD

T3 126C 189C 292T 294T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Tchernogorsk, burial 1
Khakassia Republic [S23]
Blue or green eyes
? 800 BC–100 AD

T3 126C 189C 292T 294T 296T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Tchernogorsk, burial 6 [S24]
Blue or green eyes
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Riii in Table 2 I4 129A 223T 304C 391A Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Oust-Abakansty, Khakassia Republic [S25]
Blue or green eyes
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Riv in Table 2 G2a 093C 223T 234T 288C 298C 327T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Beysky region, burial 3
Khakassia Republic [S26] Watson in Table 3
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rv in Table 2 C 148T 223T 234T 288C 298C 327T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, kurgan 133, burial 3, Khakassia Republic [S27] F 800 BC–100 AD

H or U CRS Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, kurgan 133, burial 3 [S28]
Watson in Table 3
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rvi in Table 2 F1b 172C  179T 183C 189C 232A 249C 304C 311C Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, kurgan 133, burial 3 [S29] Blue or green eyes M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rvii in Table 2 H  or U CRS Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz II,
burial 1 [S32] Brown eyes
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rviii in Table 2 H5a 304T 319A Keyser 2009
China Gavaerk, near Qiemo, Xinjiang [2C] F 800 BC–100 AD C 223 298 327 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [4B] M 800 BC–100 AD C 223 298 309 327 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [1E] M 800 BC–100 AD D 223 362 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [2A] M 800 BC–100 AD D 362 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [14A] M 800 BC–100 AD ? [reported as D] rCRS Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [16A, 16B] M + F 800 BC–100 AD D 2 samples in same grave: 173 223 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [17A] M 800 BC–100 AD D 114A 223 362 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [17B] F 800 BC–100 AD D 223 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [25C, 25G] M 800 BC–100 AD D 2 samples in same grave: 189 223 362 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [4A] F 800 BC–100 AD D4 223 274 362 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [2G, 11A, 22A] F + 2 M 800 BC–100 AD ? [reported as F1] 3 samples rCRS Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [23F] F 800 BC–100 AD F1 114A 187 192 256

266 304 357

Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [5D] M 800 BC–100 AD F1a 129 172 293 304 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3G, 27] 2 M 800 BC–100 AD H 311 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [13] M 800 BC–100 AD H 305T 311 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [7D] ? 800 BC–100 AD K 224 311 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [2E] F 800 BC–100 AD M* 209 223 362 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [8D, 8F] 2 M 800 BC–100 AD M* 2 samples in same grave: 93 Zhang 2010
China

Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3C]

M 800 BC–100 AD M10 92 193 223 311 357 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [4E, 4G] 2 M 800 BC–100 AD M13a 2 samples in same grave: 145 148 188 189 223 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3F] M 800 BC–100 AD ? [reported as N] rCRS Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [25G] F 800 BC–100 AD T 126 294 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3M] M 800 BC–100 AD R* 71 357 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3P] F 800 BC–100 AD R* 223 356 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [9D] M 800 BC–100 AD ? [reported as U] rCRS Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [25F] F 800 BC–100 AD U2e 129C 183C 362 Zhang 2010
China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [1A, 1B] M + F 800 BC–100 AD U4 2 samples in same grave: 134 183C 189 356 Zhang 2010
Nuragic Italy Alghero, Sardinia [AL07] 700 BC H1? 16189C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010

Kazakhstan Molaly (Kourgan 14,18,20,25)
700-400 BC

M4 129 174 223 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Molaly (Kourgan 14,18,20,25)
700-400 BC

T* 126 294 296 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu? Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)
700-200 BC

A* 2 samples 223 319 362 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu? Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)
700-200 BC

A* 223 290 319 362 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)
700-200 BC

M* 223 286 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)
700-200 BC

H 266 287 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)
700-200 BC

U* 189 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Iberian Spain Puig de la Nau, Benicarlo (Castellon) [PB14, PB20] 700-500 BC V 2 samples 16293T, 16298C Fernández 2006 ; Arroyo 2006; Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Puig de la Nau, Benicarlo (Castellon) [PB18, PB19] 700-500 BC H 2 samples CRS Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Castellet de Bernabe, Liria (Valencia) [CB2] T1 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16250Y, 16294T, 16301Y Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Los Villares, Caudete de las Fuentes (Castellon) [LV1] V 16298C Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Torrelo Bonerot, Castellon [TORR1] W 16223T, 16292Y, 16295Y, 16304Y, 16311Y Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Torrelo Bonerot,Castellon [TORR2] W 16223T, 16292Y, 16295Y, 16304Y Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Tossal de Sant Miquel, Liria (Valencia) [TSM1] H? CRS Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Tossal de Sant Miquel, Liria (Valencia) [TSM1] K 16224Y, 16234Y, 16311Y Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Mas Castellar (Pontos), Girona, Catalonia [1000012-2] ? 700-100 BC

J* 16126 16189 -13704 BstNI, 3010G Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Illa d'en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 15112]
M
600 BC


U5a
16256 16270
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Illa d'en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 1070]
M
600 BC


H
16126 16311 -7025 AluI (#5), 7028 C (#15)
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Illa d'en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [15091]
?
600 BC


H1
CRS -7025 AluI, 3010 A
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Illa d'en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 15224]
M
600 BC


H
16126 7028C, 3010G, 13708G
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Illa d'en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 15078-1]
Possible decapitation.
M
600 BC


K*
16224 16311
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14015]
?
535-200 BC


H
16287
Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14045]
?
535-200 BC


U4
16356 7028T, 12308G, 3010G
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [N.I. 3967 + 1401]
? +M
535-200 BC


H
2 samples
16126 7028C, 3010G, 13708G
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14020]
?
535-200 BC


T
16126 16294
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [T.C. 4 E I-II]
?
535-200 BC


H1
16126 -7025 AluI, 3010 A
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14015-1]
M
535-200 BC


R0
16362 7028T, 14766C
Recorded as Pre-HV
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14119]
?
535-200 BC



H
16273 -7025 AluI
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [2002 Z13]
?
535-200 BC



U5*
16270 16281
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [3613]
M
535-200 BC



H
16126 16311 -7025 AluI (#5), 7028 C (#15) 3010G, 13708G
Sampietro 2005
Iberian
Spain
Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [3615]
M
535-200 BC



J*
16126 13708A, 7028T
Sampietro 2005

Kazakhstan Solyanka II (Kourgan 2,3)
500-0 BC

H 150 189 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Solyanka II (Kourgan 2,3)
500-0 BC

HV 129 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Solyanka II (Kourgan 2,3)
500-0 BC

U* 311 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Sargat Russia Sopinsky, kurgan burial 500 BC-500 AD T1 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16243C, 16249T Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Sopinsky, flat grave burial 500 BC-500 AD Z 16129A, 16185T, 16215G, 16223T, 16224Y, 16260T, 16298C Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Kurtuguz I [K2] 500 BC-500 AD A 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16335G Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Kurtuguz I [K3T] 500 BC-500 AD C 16223T,16298C, 16327T Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Kurtuguz I [K3R] 500 BC-500 AD Z 16093C, 16185T,16223T, 16260T, 16298C Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Scytho-Siberian Altaï Republic Kizil M 500 BC

N1a 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T,  16355T Ricaut  2004a
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic
Sebÿstei Valley [SEB 96 K1] M 450 BC

F2a 16093C 16203G 16231C 16291T 16304C  Ricaut 2004c
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic
Sebÿstei Valley, Altaï Republic [SEB 96K2] M 450 BC R1a1 D?
16093C 16129A 16173T 16223T 16319A 16362C
Ricaut 2004c
Keyser 2009
Saka Kazakhstan Berel M 300-350 BC


CRS Clisson 2002
Saka Kazakhstan Berel F 300-350 BC

X or D? 16223T, 16362C Clisson 2002
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu

Mongolia

Egyin Gol Valley [68] F 300 BC-200 AD D4o1? [Reported as A] 16223T, 16239T, 16243C, 16319A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [83 bis, 91] Inf 300 BC-200 AD D4o1 [Reported as A] Two samples 16179T, 16192T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [93] F 300 BC-200 AD D4o1 [Reported as A] 16223T, 16290T, 16293C, 16319A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [35, 36, 37A] F, F,

Inf

300 BC-200 AD D4o1 [Reported as A] Three samples 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [63] F 300 BC-200 AD D4o1 [Reported as A] 16183G, 16189C, 16223T, 16274A, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [84.1] M 300 BC-200 AD B4b 16086C, 16136C, 16183C, 16189C, 16217C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [39] F 300 BC-200 AD C4a1? [Reported as C] 16093Y, 16129A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [49] F 300 BC-200 AD C 16129A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu

Mongolia

Egyin Gol Valley [50] M 300 BC-200 AD C 16223T, 16291T, 16298C, 16327T, Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [56] F 300 BC-200 AD C 16223T, 16239T, 16298C, 16300G, 16327T, 16357C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [47] M 300 BC-200 AD C5 [Reported as C] 16093C, 16223T, 16288C, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [66] F 300 BC-200 AD C 16093C, 16129A, 16213A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [61] M 300 BC-200 AD D4 16223T, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [41] M 300 BC-200 AD D4 16082Y, 16223T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [65, 77] M + F 300 BC-200 AD D4 2 samples of 16223T, 16274A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [32A, 72] M 300 BC-200 AD D4 2 samples of 16093C, 16223T, 16254T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [48] F 300 BC-200 AD D4 16223T, 16362C, 16368C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [46, 52, 54, 57] M 300 BC-200 AD D4 4 samples of 16223T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [28, 73, 74] 2 M + Inf 300 BC-200 AD D4 3 samples of 16223T, 16232T, 16290T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [70, 88, 94] M 300 BC-200 AD D4 3 samples of 16223T, 16274A, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [53, 69] M 300 BC-200 AD D5 / D5a 2 samples of 16092C, 16189C, 16223T, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [82, 83] F + Inf 300 BC-200 AD F1b 2 samples of 16093C, 16183C, 16189C, 16304C, Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [58, 59] M F 300 BC-200 AD F1b 2 samples of 16183C, 16189C, 16232A, 16249C, 16304C, 16311C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [25A] M 300 BC-200 AD G2a 16223T, 16227G, 16278T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [27] M 300 BC-200 AD J1 16069T, 16092C, 16129C, 16261T Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [18A] M 300 BC-200 AD J1 16069T, 16092C, 16129C, 16261Y Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [92] M 300 BC-200 AD M 16066G, 16223T, 16311C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [90] F 300 BC-200 AD M 16129A, 16223T Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [95] M 300 BC-200 AD U2 16129C, 16183C, 16193iC, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [76, 86] F 300 BC-200 AD U5a [Reported as U5a1a] 2 samples of 16256T, 16270T, 16365T Keyser-Tracqui 2003
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX3] M 300- 100 BC R1a1a

[reported as R1a1]

M173 SRY10831.2

M17

U2e1 16051 16093 16129C 16182C 16183C 16189 16362 73 152 217 263 3151C 340 12308, 12372, 15907 73 152 217 263 3151C 340 12308, 12372, 15907 Kim 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX4] F 300BC–100AD D4 16223 16362 73 263 3091C 3151C 3010, 5178A Kim 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX2] M 100BC–100AD C3 RPS4Y711

M217

D4 16223 16311 16362 73 263 3091C 3151C 3010, 5178A Kim 2010

Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B4 and B6] M 0 BC/AD

H 2 samples
7028C CRS
Melchior 2008a

Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B1] F 0 BC/AD

I 7028T, 10034C 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2008a

Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B5] F 0 BC/AD

I 7028T, 10034C
16129A, 16223T, 16304C, 16391A
Melchior 2008a

Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B2] M 0 BC/AD

R0a 7028T 16126C, 16355T, 16362C Melchior 2008a

Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B3] M 0 BC/AD

U2e 7028T, 12308G 16129C, 16183C, 16189C, 16362C Melchior 2008a

Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B7] M 0 BC/AD

U5b1 7028T, 12308G 16074G, 16189C, 16192T, 16249C, 16270T Melchior 2008a
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC2 T1] F 0-100 AD H or V? CRS Adult with tuberculosis in niche SC2 Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC2 T2] ? 0-100 AD H or V? CRS Infant with tuberculosis in niche SC2 Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC2 T3] ? 0-100 AD H 16354T Infant with tuberculosis in niche SC2 Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC17] ? 0-100 AD H or J1 16261T, 16354T Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC4] M 0-100 AD W? (reported as T3) 16292T Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC7 F] F 0-100 AD W? (reported as T3) 16292T

Juvenile

Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC7 ?] ? 0-100 AD W? (reported as T3)

16292T

Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC7 M] M 0-100 AD W 16223T, 16292T Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC17 F] F 0-100 AD W 16223T, 16292T Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC1] M 0-100 AD 16231C, 16261T

Had tuberculosis and leprosy. Shroud 50 BCE -16 CE

Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC9] M 0-100 AD 16346C, 16363G Matheson 2009
Denmark Simonsborg [Si2] 1-200 AD H 7028C, 16189C Melchior 2010
Denmark Simonsborg [Si4] 1-200 AD H 7028C, 16172C, 16311C Melchior 2010
Denmark Simonsborg [Si6] 1-200 AD H 7028C, 16093C, 16221T Melchior 2010
Denmark Simonsborg [Si5] 1-200 AD I 7028T, 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2010
Denmark Simonsborg [Si8] 1-200 AD U5b 7028T, 12308G, 16192T, 16270T, 16304C Melchior 2010
Denmark Simonsborg [Si9] 1-200 AD T2b 7028T, 15607G, 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C, 16362C Melchior 2010
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial 5, Khakassia Republic [S33] Kelly/Craig in Table 3
F 100–400 AD

C 093C 129A 223t 298C 327T Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial 4 [S34] Blue or green eyes
M 100–400 AD R1a1 Riii in Table 2 HV 172C 311C Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial 2 [S35] Brown eyes
F 100–400 AD

H or U 093C 209C Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial [S36]
Kelly/Craig in Table 3
F 100–400 AD

N9a 223T 257A 261T Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial 4 [S37]
Kelly/Craig in Table 3
F 100–400 AD

T1 126C 163G 186T 189C 269G 294T 362C Keyser 2009

Denmark Skovgaarde [S4] ? 200-270 AD

H 7028C 16311C Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S5] F 200-270 AD
H 7028C 16162G, 16266T, 16319A Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S6] F 200-270 AD

H 7028C 16299G Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S14] F 200-270 AD

H 7028C 16263C, 16319A Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S3] F 200-270 AD

H1 7028C 16304C Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S1] ? 200-270 AD

J 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C Melchior 2008a
Denmark Skovgaarde [S9] 200-270 AD J 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16093C, 16126C
Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S2] M 200-270 AD

K 7028T, 12308G
16224C, 16311C
Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S11] F? 200-270 AD

K 7028T, 12308G
16093C, 16224C, 16311C
Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S13] F 200-270 AD

U3a 7028T, 12308G
16343G, 16390A
Melchior 2008a

Denmark Skovgaarde [S7] F 200-270 AD

V 7028T, 4580A
16298C
Melchior 2008a

Kazakhstan Kok-Mardan (Kourgan 2,3,6,16)
200-500 AD

U1 183 189 249 Lalueza-Fox 2004

 

Chinese Dynastic









Quin to Western Jin China Sampula, Luo County, Xinjiang Khotan [Y1]
217 BC-283 AD

B 223, 256, 327 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y8 and Y10]
217 BC-283 AD

C 223, 229, 327 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y7]
217 BC-283 AD

Fla 126, 162, 172, 304 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y5]
217 BC-283 AD

G 111, 223, 234, 362 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [L1]
217 BC-283 AD

M 223, 256, 327 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y3]
217 BC-283 AD

M 113, 223 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y6]
217 BC-283 AD

N 126, 183C, 189, 311, 365 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y13]
217 BC-283 AD

N 126, 163, 186, 189, 247C Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y2]
217 BC-283 AD

T2 126, 129, 260, 294, 296, 304 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [L3]
217 BC-283 AD

U3 343 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [L4]
217 BC-283 AD

U3 189, 343 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y11 and Y12]
217 BC-283 AD

U3 Two samples 129, 223, 343 Xie 2007b
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

A
Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

D 2 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

G2a
Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

H 3 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

I
Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

M 3 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

N 3 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha
135 BC

T 2 samples Gao 2008
Sui Dynasty
Sogdian person
China Tomb of Yu Hong , Taiyuan, Shanxi Province [Yu Hong] M 600 AD

U5
Xie 2007a
Sui Dynasty China Tomb of Yu Hong
[Wife of Yu Hong]
F 600 AD

G
Xie 2007a
Roman









Roman Spain Mas d'Arago, Cervera del Maestre (Castellon) [1MAR2] H CRS Gamba 2008
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [1B]
79 AD

HV0 rCRS + 16292 and 16298 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [1A]
79 AD

H ? rCRS + 16399 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [5,6B]
79 AD

H rCRS in HVS1 and 73 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [3A, 3B, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3D]
79 AD

T2b Presumed family group 16294 and 16304 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Syria Italy/Syria Luke the Evangelist
Born Antioch; buried Padua

c. 150 AD

H2a2b1 16235, 16291
[Reported as H]
Vernesi 2001
Romano-British England Leicester [R13]
300-400 AD

H1a 162 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England Leicester [R2]
300-400 AD


H5 304, 320 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England Leicester [R9]
300-400 AD

HV0 298 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England Leicester [R7]
300-400 AD


U5b 189, 270 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England Leicester [R8]
300-400 AD


T2b 126, 294, 304 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England Leicester [R3]
300-400 AD


X2f 189, 223, 278 Töpf 2006, 2007
Medieval
European medieval mtDNA mapped by Luis Aldamez.








Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

H 11 samples: CRS; nt73 HVR-II - G Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

H 12 samples: CRS; nt73 HVR-II - A Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


H 11 samples: 362; nt73 HVR-II - A Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

J 3 samples: 069, 126, 390 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

J 3 samples: 069, 126 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

J 2 samples: 069, 126, 278, 366 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

K 224, 311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


M1 2 samples: 129, 185, 189, 223, 249, 311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


T 126, 189, 294 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


T2 126, 294, 296, 304 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

T2 126, 266, 274, 294, 304 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


U2 051, 092, 129C, 192, 362 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


U2 051, 129C, 183, 189, 362 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD

U5 192, 270 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


U5 176, 270 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


U5 172, 189, 192, 270, 311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700 AD


HV0 298 [Reported as V] Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD
R1 2 samples M173

Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD
R1b 19 samples M173 -M198

Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD
R1b1b2a1a2b 2 samples M153

Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD I 4 samples M170

Alzualde 2007
Anglian Bernicia England Norton, Cleveland Market [N9]
400-600 AD

H CRS Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian
Bernicia
England Norton, Cleveland Market [N12]
400-600 AD

H 126, 293C
[reported as J]
Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian Bernicia England Norton, Cleveland Market [N3]
400-600 AD

H2b 298, 311 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian
Bernicia
England Norton, Cleveland Market [N16]
400-600 AD


I 129, 223 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian
Bernicia
England Norton, Cleveland Market [N15]
400-600 AD


T2e 126, 153, 294 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian
Bernicia
England Norton, Cleveland Market [N7, N19]
400-600 AD


U5a 2 samples: 192, 256, 270, 311  Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian
Bernicia
England Norton, Cleveland Market [N11]
400-600 AD

U5a1b1 192, 256, 270, 291
[reported as U5a1]
Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian
Bernicia
England Norton, Cleveland Market  [N20, N57]
400-600 AD

W 2 samples: 223, 292 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Buckland, Dover, Kent
500-600 AD



Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Market Lavington, near Salisbury
550-700 AD



Töpf 2006, 2007
Merovingian
Germany Ergolding [244E] M 670 AD G2a Y-Search H6KZ2, QCX3T;
Gi in Table 2


Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244F] M 670 AD G2a Y-Search 2SRMA;
Gii in Table 2


Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244A and B] M 670 AD R1b Siblings: Y-Search 6QUDR;
Rbii in Table 2


Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244C] M 670 AD R1b Y-Search H78RA;
Rbiii in Table 2


Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244D] M 670 AD R1b Y-Search ZYRUU;
Rbiv in Table 2


Vanek 2009
Viking Norway Oseberg ship burial F 780-790 AD

U7
Holck 2006
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G1]
1000 AD

K 7028T 12308G 16126C 16224C 16311C 16320T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G2]
1000 AD

H 7028C 16093C Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G3]
1000 AD

H 7028C 16278T 16212G 16222T 16255A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G4]
1000 AD

H 7028C 16213A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G5 and G11]
1000 AD

U5a1a 2 samples; 7028T 12308G 16256T 16270T 16399G Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G6]
1000 AD

I 10034C 16129A 16223T 16391A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G7]
1000 AD

X2c 7028T 14470C 8705C 16189C 16223T 16255A 16278T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G8]
1000 AD

H 7028C 16174T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G9]
1000 AD

T2 7028T 16126T 16294T 16296T 16304C Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G10]
1000 AD

H 7028C 16172C 16304C Melchior 2008b
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W55]
890–1020 AD

H CRS Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W21]
890–1020 AD

H 16222 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W22]
890–1020 AD

H 16162G Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W51]
890–1020 AD

H 16221 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W5]
890–1020 AD

? 16172C 16187T 16189C 16217C 16223T Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W27 and W37]
890–1020 AD

H? 2 samples 16126C
[Reported as J]
Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W9]
890–1020 AD

H? 16224C 16293G 16311C
[Reported as K]
Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W30]
890–1020 AD

U5b1 189 270 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W14]
890–1020 AD

? 183C 189 239 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W32 and W18]
890–1020 AD

T1a 126 163 186 189 294 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W38]
890–1020 AD

T1 126 163 186 189 294 193D Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W25]
890–1020 AD

T1 126 163 186 189 294 193D 239 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W49]
890–1020 AD

T2? 126 294 304 192 207 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W29]
890–1020 AD

T2? 126 294 304 192 260 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England Castle Mall, Norwich [W6]
890–1020 AD

X2e1 16189A, 16223T, 16271C, 16278T Töpf 2006, 2007

Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 213. tomb [anc13] M 900-950 AD

R 311C 173ApaLI 11719A 12308A 12705C 114766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Harta-Freifelt 10.tomb [anc25] F 900-950 AD

H 294T 304C 273ApaLI 27025AluI 214766MseI 10310G Tömöry 2007

Hungary Oroshaza-Gorbics tanya 2.tomb [anc3] F 900-1000 AD


N1a 147A 172C 183C 189C 223T 320T 355T 110237HphI 10400C
Mitosearch ID: 75QFP
Tömöry 2007

Hungary Aldebro-Mocsaros 25. tomb [anc7] F 900-1000 AD

U4 356C 12308G Tömöry 2007

Hungary Besenyotelek-Szorhat 1. tomb [anc8] M 900-1000 AD

N1a 147A 172C 183C 189C 223T 248T 320T 355T 110237HphI 110871MnlI
Mitosearch ID: QDGKZ
Tömöry 2007

Hungary Eger-Szepasszonyvolgy 4. tomb [anc9] ? 900-1000 AD

U 259A 311C 273ApaLI 17025AluI 12308G 114766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 88.tomb [anc17] M 900-1100 AD

H 304C 273ApaLI 27025AluI 214766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Izsak-Balazspuszta [anc1] M c. 950 AD

B
140C 182C 183C 189C 217C 274A 9bp del
Tömöry 2007
Hungary Szabadkigyos-Palliget [anc28]

Rich grave goods

M c. 950 AD N1c [= old N3] Tat C Csányi 2008

Hungary Szabadkigyos-Palliget 7.tomb [anc4]

Rich grave goods

M c. 950 AD

U4 223T 356C 10400C 12308G 12705C 173ApaLI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 118. tomb [anc12] F c. 950 AD

T 126C 182C 183C 189C 294T 296T 298C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 2.tomb [anc18] F c. 950 AD

T 126C 148T 218T 294T 304C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 41.tomb [anc19]

Poor grave goods

M c. 950 AD

H 093C 366T 273ApaLI 27025AluI 214766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 60.tomb [anc20] F c. 950 AD

M 223T 311C 10400T Tömöry 2007

Hungary Aldebro-Mocsaros 25. tomb [anc7] F 975-1000 AD

U4
356C 12308G
Tömöry 2007

Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 5. tomb [anc10] M 975-1000 AD

I 129A 148T 223T 110237HphI 12705T Tömöry 2007

Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 9. tomb [anc11] M 975-1000 AD

T2 126C 294T 304C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 62.tomb [anc14] F 975-1000 AD

R CRS 173ApaLI 27025AluI 11719A 12308A 114766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 63.tomb [anc15] F 975-1025 AD

V 153A 298C 72C 273ApaLI 14580NheI 17025AluI 214766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 74.tomb [anc16] M 975-1025 AD

T
Tömöry 2007

Hungary Ormenykut 3/c tomb [anc21]

Rich grave goods

M 975-1000 AD N1c [= old N3] Tat C H CRS 273ApaLI 27025AluI 214766MseI Tömöry 2007
Csányi 2008

Hungary Ormenykut 8.tomb [anc22] M 975-1000 AD

X 183C 189C 223T 278T 110871MnlI 14470C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Ormenykut 12.tomb [anc23] F 975-1000 AD

X 183C 189C 223T 278T 110871MnlI 14470C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 78.tomb [anc27] M 975-1025 AD

HV 311C 273ApaLI 214766MseI 17025AluI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Szegvar-Oromdulo 412. tomb [anc5] F 1000-1050 AD

H CRS 273ApaLI 27025AluI 214766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Lebeny-Kaszas 80.tomb [anc26] M 1000-1100 AD

H 311C 362C 273ApaLI 27025AluI 214766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Magyarhomorog 120.tomb [anc2] M 1050 AD

H CRS 273ApaLI 27025AluI 214766MseI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Szegvar-Oromdulo 593. tomb [anc6] F 1050-1100 AD

U5a1 114A 192T 256T 270T 294T 12308G Tömöry 2007

Hungary Zalavar-Kapolna 270.tomb [anc24] M 1100 AD

U3 311C 343G 12308G Tömöry 2007
Viking/Christian Denmark Sven II Estridsen, King of Denmark M d. 1074 AD 

H 7028C Dissing 2007
Viking/Christian Denmark Margrethe, alias Estrid, Queen of Denmark F 11th-century H5a 16093C, 16304C Dissing 2007
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A211/K5] F 1000-1250 AD

H 7028C  Rudbeck 2005
Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A346/K6 ] M 1000-1250 AD

H 7028C 16221T Rudbeck 2005
Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A395/K8 ] F? 1000-1250 AD

H 7028C 16129A, 16316G, 16360T Rudbeck 2005
Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A367/K2 and A363/K7] F 1000-1250 AD

I 2 samples
7028T 16129A, 16223T, 16391A
Rudbeck 2005
Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A368/K3] F 1000-1250 AD

J 7028T 16069T, 16126C Rudbeck 2005
Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A362/K4] F 1000-1250 AD

T2 7028T 16126C, 16174T, 16266T, 16294T, 16304C Rudbeck 2005
Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A396/K1] M 1000-1250 AD

U7 7028T, 12308G
16189C, 16318T
Rudbeck 2005
Melchior 2008b
Czech Republic Church of St.Margaret, Podlazice [HB02] M c. 1180 AD R1b* Ysearch U98VT

Rbv in Table 2

Ysearch

Daniel Vanek

Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast 1100-1300 H? 43 samples CRS Kulikov 2004
Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast 1100-1300 H17? 2 samples 16129A Kulikov 2004
Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast 1100-1300 I? 2 samples 16129A 16223T Kulikov 2004
Cumanian Hungary Csengele
1200-1300

H, V, U, U3, JT and D
Bogácsi-Szabó 2005
Denmark Riisby [R1] 1250-1450 T2 7028T, 15607G, 16126C, 16153A, 16294T Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R2] 1250-1450 K 7028T, 12308G, 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R3 + R10] 1250-1450 J 2 samples: 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R5] 1250-1450 H 7028C, 16261T, 16296T, 16304C Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R6] 1250-1450 N1a 7028T, 12705T, 16147A, 16172C, 16195C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R9] 1250-1450 H 7028C, rCRS Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R11] 1250-1450 J 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C, 16256T Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R12] 1250-1450 I 7028T, 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2010
Denmark Riisby [R13] 1250-1450 U5b 7028T, 12308G, 16189C, 16192T, 16270T, 16398A Melchior 2010

Italy Francesco Petrarca M 1374 AD

J1d 16126, 16193, 16311 [Reported as J2] Caramelli 2007
Italy Grave of Francesco Petrarca F ? H* Female skull. 16129 Caramelli 2007
Sweden Birger Jarl d. 1266 I1 Andreas Carlsson personal communication 2009

 

Modern
Poland Nicolaus Copernicus

Blue/grey eyes

M 1473–1543 R1b? Rbvi in table 2 . H1 [Reported as H] 709G, 1719G, 1811A, 3010G, 6365T, 6776T, 7028C, 8251G, 8697G, 9055G,11251A, 12372G, 13708G, 14766C, 14798T, 15904C Bogdanowicz 2009
Royal France Louis XVI : Earlist known ancestor in the direct male line: Robert the Strong d. 866 M 1754 – 1793 G2a M52A, M216G, M174A, M181T, M201T, M91A, M96G, M214A N1b 73G, 151T, 152C, 189G, 194T, 195C, 263G, 315.1C,, 16093C, 16145A, 16176(G), 16223T Lalueza-Fox 2010
Royal United Kingdom Queen Victoria, as deduced from living descendants in the female line and the remains of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and her children F 1819 – 1901 H 263G, 315.1C, 524.1A,524.2C,750G, 1438G, 3010A, 4137T, 4769G, 8860G, 15326G, 16111T, 16357C, 16519C Rogaev 2009; Coble 2009
Royal Russia Tzar Nicholas II M 1868 –1918 R1b T* 16126C, 16169Y*, 16294T, 16296T, 73G, 263G, 315.1C Rogaev 2009; Coble 2009


Table 2: Y-chromosome STR haplotypes. Haplotype labels in column 2 have no official status. They are simply for reference between tables on this page.

Haplogroup Haplotype DYS 19 385a 385b 388 389-1 389-2 390 391 392 393 426 437 438 439 444 446 447 448 449 456 458 459 481 635 YGATA H4
C(xC3) Ci 15 12 13
14 30 22 9 12 14
14 10 11

19
15 16

22 11
G2a Gi 14,15

13 12 29

11 14 11 16 10 11 21 23


16 9,9 21

G2a Gii
15
12 12 29
10 11 13 11
11
16
22 27
19 9,9 21
12
I2b2 Ii 16 13 17
12 28 25 11 11 13
15 10 11









I2b2 Iii 15 13 17
12 27 25 11 11 13
15 10 11









I2b2 Iiii 16 13 17
12 28 24 11 11 13
15 10 11









R1a Ri 15 11 13?
13 30 23 11 11 13
14 11 11









R1a1 Rii 16 11 14
14 32 25 11 11 13
14 11 10

20
16 15

23 12
R1a1 Riii 17 11 14
13 31 24 11 11 13
14 11 10

20
16 15

23 13
R1a1 Riv
11 14
13 31 24 11 11 13
14 11 10

20
16 15

23
R1a1 Rv 16 11 14
13 31 24 11 11 13
14 11 10

20
16 15

23 13
R1a1 Rvi 16 11 14
14 31 25 11 11 13
14 11 10

20
16 15

23 12
R1a1 Rvii
11 14
14 31 25 11 11 13
14 11




16 15

23 12
R1a1 Rviii 17 11 14
13 31 24 11 12 13
14 11 10

20
16 15

23 13
R1b Rbi 14 11 14
13 29 23 11 13 13
15 12 12









R1b Rbii 14 11 14 12 13 29 23 10 13 13 12 15 12
13 24 19 29 16 17 9,10 22 23 12
R1b Rbiii 14 11 14 12 13
23 10 13 13 12 15 12 12 13 24 19 29 16 18 9,10 22 23 12
R1b Rbiv
11 14
13 29 24 11 13 13 12 15 12 12


29 15 18 8,10
23 11
R1b Rbv 14 11 14 12 13 30 24 11 13 12 12 15 12 12 12 15 25 19 32 16 16 9,10 22 23 11
R1b? Rbvi 14 11 13 13 29 23 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 19 23 12

Table 3 : Most probable phenotypes, deduced from rs12913832 and OCA2 diplotype

Pigmentation phenotype

Eye Colour

Hair Colour

Skin Colour

Sophia Loren / Vivek Oberoi Brown Dark brown Fair to medium
Sigourney Weaver /
Harrison Ford
Brown Brown Fair to medium
Emma Watson Brown Blond or light brown Fair to medium
Aishwarya Rai / Frank Sinatra Blue or green Brown Fair to medium
Grace Kelly / Daniel Craig Blue or green Blond or light brown Fair to medium

Table 4: Alleles of -13910 in ancient DNA. Each person has two alleles, each either C or T. T is associated with lactase persistence.

Economy

Culture

Location

Date

No. studied

C

T

Source

Farming Körös Szarvas, Hungary 5840–5630 BC 3 6 0 Burger 2007
Farming Narva Kretuonas, Lithuania 5580-5350 BC 2 4 0 Burger 2007
Farming LBK Derenburg, Germany 5500–5000 BC 3 6 0 Burger 2007
Hunter-gatherer Pitted ware Gotland, Sweden 2800-2200 BC 10 19 1 Malmstrom 2010
Hunter-gatherer Zedmar Drestwo, Poland 2267 BC 1 2 0 Burger 2007
Farming Merovingian Eltville, Germany 400–600 AD 1 1 1 Burger 2007

Table 5: Distribution of CCR5-D32 (associated with HIV resistance) in historic and prehistoric European populations

Country

Place

Date

No. studied

CCR5-D32

Allele frequency (%)

Source

No/No No/Yes Yes/Yes
Germany Lichtenstein cave 900 BC 17 13 4 11.8 Hummel 2005
Poland Dziekanowice 11th-12th centuries 34 31 3 4.40 Zawicki and Witas 2008
Poland Danilowo 11th-13th century 3 3 Zawicki and Witas 2008
Poland Stary, Brzesc Kujawski 4 12–14th century 37 34 2 1 5.41 Zawicki and Witas 2008
Poland Cedynia 12–14th century 9 8 1 Zawicki and Witas 2008
Poland Gdansk 14th century 5 5 1 Zawicki and Witas 2008
Germany Lubeck: famine mass grave 1316 AD 20 15 5 12.5 Hummel 2005
Germany Lubeck: Black Death mass grave 1350 14 10 4 14.2 Hummel 2005
Germany Goslar 1750–1810 19 12 7 18.4 Hummel 2005
Italy Alia, Sicily 1837 19 18 1 2.6 Hummel 2005

 

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Xie 2007a Xie, C.Z., et al., Evidence of ancient DNA reveals the first European lineage in Iron Age Central China , Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences , vol. 274, no. 1618 (Jul 2007), pp. 1597-601.
Xie 2007b Xie, C.Z., et al., Mitochondrial DNA analysis of ancient Sampula population in Xinjiang ,  Progress in Natural Science , vol. 17, no.  8 (Aug 2007), pp. 927-933(7).
Zawicki and Witas 2008 Zawicki, P. and Witas, H.W., HIV-1 protecting CCR5-?32 allele in medieval Poland, Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol. 8, no. 2, (March 2008), pp. 146-151.
Zhang 2010 Zhang, F., Xu, Z. et al., Prehistorical East–West Admixture of Maternal Lineages in a 2,500-Year-Old Population in Xinjiang , American Journal of Physical Anthropology (2010) early online.