This Wiki of John Macky is excerpted from:
Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 35
by Thomas Finlayson Henderson
MACKY, JOHN (d. 1726), was a government agent or spy, author of ‘Memoirs of Secret Services,’ was a Scotsman of good education, but of his parentage or birth nothing is known. According to his own account he ‘came early into the measures of the revolution,’ and being, on the return of King James from Ireland to France, sent to Paris to find out the further purposes of the Jacobites, he discovered that the French government intended to send an expedition against England in 1692. He arrived in London with the information before James reached his army encamped at La Hogue, and thus gave the government ample time for preparations against it. On the return of King William to England in October 1693, he was appointed inspector of the coast from Harwich to Dover in order to prevent treasonable correspondence between the two countries by passengers or letters. He discovered the proposed descent on England in 1696 in connection with the assassination plot of Sir George Barclay [q. v.]; and after its disclosure published ‘A View of the Court of St. Germains from the year 1690 to 1695, with an Account of the Entertainment Protestants meet with there, directed to the malcontent Protestants of England,’ 1696. Of this pamphlet he states that no fewer than thirty thousand copies were sold. After the peace of Ryswick, 20 Sept. 1697, he had the direction of the packet-boats from Dover to France and Flanders, and he states that during the negotiations connected with the Partition treaty in 1698 he had the charge of transmitting all the private expresses that passed between King William and Lord Portland.
The packet-boat service was discontinued after the death of King William in 1702, and Macky went to look after an estate possessed by him and others in the island of Zante, in the dominion of Venice. After the battle of Ramillies in May 1706 he had the direction of the packet-boats to Ostend, with instructions to watch narrowly all naval preparations at Ostend and other sea-coast towns; and in 1708 he discovered the preparations for an armament at Dunkirk. Subsequently he came under the suspicion of the government and was thrown into prison, where he remained till the accession of George I. On obtaining his liberty he endeavoured at his own expense to establish a service of packetboats to Dublin, but the undertaking involved him in heavy expenses, and was soon dropped. Ultimately he went abroad, and he died at Rotterdam in 1726.
He is the author of a somewhat important contribution to contemporary history: 'Memoirs of the Secret Services of John Macky, Esq., during the Reign of King William, Queen Anne, and King George I. Including also the true Secret History of the Rise, Promotions, &c., of the English and Scots Nobility; Officers, Civil, Military, Naval, and other Persons of distinction from the Revolution. In their respective Characters at large: drawn up by Mr. Macky pursuant to the direction of Her Royal Highness the Princess Sophia. Published from his original Manuscript, as attested by his son. Spring Macky, Esq.,' London, 1733. An edition in French, translated by 'A. R.,' was published at the Hague in the same year. The chief value of the 'Memoirs' consists in its descriptions of the leading personages of the period, which evidence both keen powers of observation and great impartiality of judgment. Swift has appended notes, generally of an acrid character, to many of the descriptions. Macky was also the author of 'Journey through England,' 1714; 2nd edition, 1722, with additional volume; 3rd edition, 1723, with a third volume; reprinted, with large additions, 1724 and 1732; 'Journey through Scotland,' 1723; and 'Journey through the Austrian Netherlands,' 1725.
Charles I (1600–1649) was King of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles was the second son of King James VI of Scotland, but after his father inherited the English throne in 1603, he moved to England, where he spent much of the rest of his life. He became heir apparent to the English, Irish and Scottish thrones on the death of his elder brother in 1612. An unsuccessful and unpopular attempt to marry him to a Spanish Habsburg princess culminated in an eight-month visit to Spain in 1623 that demonstrated the futility of the marriage negotiations. Two years later he married the Bourbon princess Henrietta Maria of France instead.
After his succession, Charles quarreled with the Parliament of England, which sought to curb his royal prerogative. Charles believed in the divine right of kings and thought he could govern according to his own conscience. Many of his subjects opposed his policies, in particular the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent, and perceived his actions as those of a tyrannical absolute monarch. His religious policies, coupled with his marriage to a Roman Catholic, generated the antipathy and mistrust of reformed groups such as the Puritans and Calvinists, who thought his views too Catholic. He supported high church ecclesiastics, such as Richard Montagu and William Laud, and failed to successfully aid Protestant forces during the Thirty Years' War. His attempts to force the Church of Scotland to adopt high Anglican practices led to the Bishops' Wars, strengthened the position of the English and Scottish parliaments and helped precipitate his own downfall.
From 1642, Charles fought the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments in the English Civil War. After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament. Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy, and temporarily escaped captivity in November 1647. Re-imprisoned on the Isle of Wight, Charles forged an alliance with Scotland, but by the end of 1648 Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army had consolidated its control over England. Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason in January 1649. The monarchy was abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. In 1660, the English Interregnum ended when the monarchy was restored to Charles's son, Charles II.
Biographies in these pages are taken from:
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) by Stephen Leslie 1832-1904: A standard work of reference with articles on more than 29,000 notable figures from British history. It was originally published in 63 volumes between 1885 and 1900.
The Scottish nation; or, The surnames, families, literature, honours, and biographical history of the people of Scotland (1877) by William Anderson, 1805-1866
Rules for inclusion in these Biographies is that the person MUST be explicitly described as being a Black person.
Description of John Hamilton from The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB)
HAMILTON, JOHN - SECOND LORD BELHAVEN (1656-1708)
Quote: Macky (Memoirs, p. 236) caricatures him as a rough, fat, black, noisy man, more like a butcher than a lord. In the obituary notice of him in Boyer, he is described as of a good stature, well set, of a healthy constitution, black complexion and graceful manly presence, as having a quick conception, with a ready and masculine expression, and as being steady in his principles both in politics and religion.
The description and Portrait DON'T MATCH!!!
You will find this typical. False artifacts are part of the White mans false history telling.
Of course to the serious student of history, this incompatibility comes as no surprise. As a matter of fact, if the description and portrait had matched, THAT would have been the surprise. By now it should be clear, to the White man, in his pathetic paranoia of all things Black: no lie is too big, and no fraud is too extreme.
Note below, the treatment the British gave to their very own Black Queen Charlotte: In each successive portrait her Blackness was further obfuscated.
Please note: The Biographies of Blacks of note in ancient Britain in these pages, are only to demonstrate the false history of the White man in his modern Books, Movies, Television, and other media sources. (They have created a "Fantasy" World if you will - No doubt to cement their new-found status as "Masters of the World". Such status of course, requires a "Glorious" Past. But since the "Real Glorious Past" involved Black civilizations and people, since the beginning of time. The creation of a "Fantasy Past" exclusive of Black people was essential).
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) contains over 29,000 entries, undoubtedly many thousands of them are Black people.
The Scottish nation - (1877): is also in several volumes, it is therefore not possible for us to present all of the Black entries. The entries presented here, are a random sampling of volumes in the respective works. Those wishing to peruse the books, may do so on-line at the provided links.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB): Click here for link to Book
The Scottish nation; or, The surnames: Click here for link to Book
When reading the books on-line: Select the volume of interest by clicking the volume in the listing. In the next screen on the left, there is a heading "View the book" choosing "Full Text" will open the Book in your Browser. The text may then be searched in the normal way.
When the interest is the race of an individual, the search word "Complexion" yields very good results, because there is most often a physical description included in the Biography. However, failing that, use Black or Blackamoor.
Some descriptive terms used are:
Sanguine complexion: Meaning - Bloodred (Since a White person of this complexion would be suffering Sunburn or some other malady, it is assumed that this description indicates someone of a Red-hued Brown complexion, as used to describe the American Indian).
Ruddy complexion: Same as "Sanguine complexion".
Swarthy complexion: "Of a dark color".
Naturally terms like Black and Brown are self explanatory. (It may come as a surprise to some, how many surnames like Duff, and Douglas, actually "Mean Black" in the ancient languages).
HAMILTON, JOHN - SECOND LORD BEL-
Born 5 July 1656, was
by order of the parliament in Edinburgh
On the accession of Queen Anne, Belhaven
On 2 Nov. 1706 he denounced the proposed
Belhaven with other opponents of the union
This piece for historical interest only.
CONSTANTINE I (d. 879)
Son of Kenneth Macalpine, king of Scotland
According to the Pictish Chronicle,
Two years later another band of Danes, the
[Robertson's Scotland under her Early Kings ;
DOUGLAS, Sir WILLIAM, Lord of NITHSDALE (d. 1392 ?)
Was the illegitimate
For comeliness and bravery he was a
CAMERON, Sik Ewen, or Evan, of Locliie!, a chief of the clan Cameron, distinguished for his chivalrous character, was boru in February 1629.
He was brought up at Inverary castle, under the guardianship of his kinsman the marquis of Argyle, under whose charge he was placed in his tenth year, being regarded as a hostage for the peaceable behaviour of his clan. Argyle endeavoured to instil into his mind the political principles of the covenanters, but it is said that he was converted to the side of the king by the exhortations of Sit Robert Spottiswood, formerly president of the Court of Session, who had been taken at the battle of Pliiliphaugh in September 1645, and was afterwards executed. At the age of eighteen ho quitted Inverary castle, with the declared intention of joining the marquis of Montrose, who, however, had previously disbanded his forces, and retired to the Continent. Although the royal cause seemed lost, Lochiel kept his clan in arms, and was able to protect his estate from the incursions of Cromwell's troops.
In 1652 he was one of the first to join the insurrection under the earl of Glencairn when that nobleman raised the royal standard in the Highlauds, and for nearly two years greatly distinguished himself at the head of his clan, in a seriea of encounters with General Lilburne, Colonel Morgan, and others of Cromwell's officers. In a sharp skirmish which took place between Lord Glencairn and Colonel Lilbnrne at Braemar, Lochiel gallantly maintained a pass with the defence of which he had been intrusted, and thereby saved Glencairn's army. His services were rewarded by a letter of thanks from Charles the Second, dated at Chantilly, the 8d of November, 1653.
In 1654 Lochiel continued to aid Glencairn in a fresh insurrection headed by him. Being himself opposed to Morgan, a brave and enterprising officer, Lochiel was often hard pressed, and sometimes nearly overpowered, but by his courage and presence of mind, he was always able to extricate himself from positions of the utmost difficulty and danger.
Monk was now commander-in-chief of the parliamentary forces in Scotland, and he resolved to establish a garrison at Inverlochy, now Fort William, with the view of reducing the royalist clans in the neighbourhood. Lochiel lay in wait on a hill to the north of the fort, with thirty-eight of his clan, and observing a body of men about to land at a place called Achdalew, to cut down his woods, and to carry off his cattle, he proceeded along in a line with the vessels, under cover of the woods, until he saw the English soldiers disembark, one hundred and forty of them having axes, hatchets, and other working implements, while the rest remained under arms, to protect their operations. Notwithstanding the disparity of their forces, Lochiel at once gave orders to advance. He ordered his brother Allan to be bound to a tree, to prevent his taking any part in the conflict, and so not deprive his clan of a chief, should he himself be cut off. But Allan prevailed on a little boy, who was left to attend him, to unloose his, cords, and soon plunged into the thickest of the fight. The Camerons rushed on the enemy, discharged against them a destructive shower of shot and arrows, and before they could recover from their surprise attacked them with their broadswords. The combat was long and obstinate. At last the English, retreating slowly, yet contesting every step of ground, and with their faces towards their assailants, were giving way when Lochiel sent two men and a piper round the flank, to sound the pibroch, raise the war-cry of the
clan, and Are their muskets, as if a fresh party ol Camerons had arrived, hoping thereby to create a panic among the English soldiers. But this only rendered the latter more desperate, and instead of throwing down their arms they fought more resolutely than before, as they expected no quarter. They were, at length, completely borne down, and fled, pursued to the sea, when those who had been left in the boats received the fugitives, and firing at the Camerons drove them back, the chief himself advancing till he was chindeep in the water. In the course of the struggle an English officer of great size and strength singled out Lochiel, and as they were pretty equally matched, they fought for some time apart from the general battle. Lochiel succeeded in knocking the sword out of his adversary's hand, but the Englishman closing on him, bore him to the ground, and fell upon him, the officer being uppermost. The latter was in the act of reaching for his sword, which lay near, but when extending his neck in the same direction, Lochiel, collecting his energies, grasped his enemy by the collar, and springing at his throat, seized it with his teeth, and gave so sure and effectual a bite that the officer died almost instantly. Of the English the number killed in this encounter exceeded that of Lochiel's men engaged in it, in the proportion of three to one, whilst only seven of the Camerons fell.
By this and similar attacks, now on the garri son at Inverlochy, now in conjunction with General Middleton, he harassed the forces of the Protector with general success. After the defeat of Middleton in July 1654, and his retreat to the continent, Lochiel was the only chief who remained opposed to Cromwell. The English, desirous to have peace with this formidable chief, made various overtures to him to that effect, but without success, until ho was informed that no express renunciation of the king's authority or oath to the existing government would be required of him, but only his word of honour to live in peace. An agreement on this basis took place about the end of that year. Reparation was made to Lochiel for the wood cut down by the garrison of Inverlochy, and to his tenants for all the losses they had sustained from the troops; while a full indemnity was granted for all acts of depredation and for all crimes committed by his men. All tithes, cess, and public bnrdens which had not been paid, were remitted to his clan.
In 1680 the last wolf known to have existed wild in Great Britain was slain by the hand of this brave and hardy chief in the district of Lochaber. In 1681, when the dnke of York, afterwards James the Second, was residing at Holyrood, as commissioner to the parliament of Scotland, Lochiel took a journey to Edinburgh to solicit the pardon of one of his clan, who, while in command of a party of Camerons, had fired by mistake on a party of Athole men, and killed several. The duke received him with great distinction, and granted his request. On this occasion he was knighted by the duke. After knighting him, the duke presented his sword to Sir Ewen, to keep as a remembrance.
In 1689 Sir Ewen joined the viscount of Dundee when he raised the standard of King James. General Mackay had, by the orders of King William, offered him a title and a considerable sum of money, apparently on the condition of his remaining neutral, but this offer he rejected with disdain. Though then far advanced in years, he distinguished himself with his usual licroism, and had a conspicuous share in the victory at Killiecrankie. Before the battle commenced he spoke to each of his men individually, and took their promise that they would conquer or die. On first seeing Dundee's force, General Mackay's army had raised a kind of shout, on which Lochiel exclaimed, " Gentlemen, the day is our own; I am the oldest commander in the army, and I have always observed something ominous or fatal in such a dull, heavy, feeble noise as that which the enemy has just made in their shout." Encouraged by this prognostication of victory, the Highlanders, with their usual impetuosity, rushed on the troops of Mackay, and in half an hour gained the victory.
In this battle Lochiel was attended by the son of his foster brother, who followed him everywhere like his shadow. Shortly after the commencement of the action the chief missed this faithful adherent from his side, and turning round to look for him, he saw him lying on his back in a dying state, with his breast pierced by an arrow.
With his last breath he informed Sir Ewen that observing an enemy, a Highlander, in General Mackay's army, aiming at him with a bow and arrow from the rear, he sprang behind him to cover him, and thus, like his father, received in his own body the death-wound intended for hit chief.
After the battle of Killiecrankie, Sir Ewen Cameron retired to Lochaber, leaving the command of his men to his eldest son. He survived till the year 1719, when he died at the age of ninety. Notwithstanding all the battles and personal encounters in which be had been engaged, he never lost a drop of blood, or received a wound. He was thrice married, and had four sous and eleven daughters.—Stewart's Sketches of the Highlanders and Highland Regiments.—Browne's History of the Highlands and Highland Clans.
DAYROLLES, SOLOMON (d. 1786)
Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray
MIDDLETON, FIRST EARL OF
Middle-ton, earl of, a title now extinct, in the peerage of
The first earl was from his youth bred to arms. He at
When Montrose, soon after, sat down before Inverness,
Learning that the marquis of Huntly had seized upon
The following year, Middleton was occupied in pursuing
He also dispersed some
When Charles II., in 1650, arrived in Scotland, General
To compel the northern royalists to lay down their arms,
On the 12th January 1651, Middleton was relaxed from
Cromwell was so incensed against him that he de-
Middleton soon found himself sorely pressed by General
At the Restoration, he accompanied King Charles II. to
On the 31st
On his arrival
He was again appointed lord high commissioner to the
After proceeding through Ayrshire to Dumfries, they
The Scottish prelates also wrote
After his disgrace he retired to the friary near Guildford, to
He afterwards, as a kind of decent exile,
His only son, Charles, second and last earl of Middleton,
At the Revolution, though he had opposed the violent
Before the Revolution, we are told,
He had two sons and three daughters. Lady Elizabeth, the eld-
(J/acfo/'s Memoirs, p. 238.)
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