|Geographical location of other early human skeletal remains in the Americas showing Paleoamerican morphology and their respective chronological range.|
Peñon Woman III - Mexico
Luzia - Brazil
|Dr Silvia Gonzalez, a geoarchaeologist, and her colleagues at Liverpool John Moores
University in England radiocarbon-dated the skull, the analysis showed Peñon Woman III is
12,755 years old, older than any known ancestor of modern Native Americans.
Based on skull comparisons, Gonzalez announced in September, she believes Peñon Woman III was an ancestor of the Pericu, Dr Silvia Gonzalez conducted a study of ancient bones found in Mexico and
found that they have very different characteristics to Native Americans. These skulls have long and narrow heads that are very different from the short, broad skulls of today's Native Americans.
"We think there were several migration waves into the Americas at different times by different human groups." She said there was very strong evidence that the first migration came from Australia via Japan and Polynesia and down the Pacific coast of America.
Dr Gonzalez said the research would be controversial. Quote: "Native Americans cannot claim to have been the first people there," Dr Gonzalez said. She also hinted that DNA recovered from Penon Woman would corroborate measurements of the skulls.
A skull belonging to a roughly 20 year old Australoid woman that was unearthed in Brazil by the French archaeologist Annette Amperaire in 1971 and nicknamed “Luzia”. Since Luzia's discovery, at least 50 similarly "un-mongoloid" Palaeoamerican remains have been found in the Lagoa Santa area near where "Luzia" herself was found. They all seem to have been buried within a small area that may have been a cemetery. This raises the intriguing question of whether the Lagoa Santa population at this early time, was perhaps already settled in a specific area and perhaps were even no longer just hunter-gatherers.
In 2007, the skeleton of a teenage girl was found in an underwater cave in Mexico. The new discovery comes from a spectacular underwater cave on Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. Divers stumbled across a trove of prehistoric animal bones and one of the oldest, most complete human skeletons in the Western Hemisphere. The human remains are those of a teenage girl, who apparently took a fatal tumble into the limestone cavern between 12,000 and 13,000 years ago, before slowly rising seas engulfed the formation. The divers who found the skeleton in 2007 named her “Naia,” Greek for water nymph.
Jim Chatters, as the first scientist to study the skeleton of Kennewick Man, unearthed in Eastern Washington almost two decades ago. Chatters was embroiled in a controversy over race and cultural identity stirred up by the 9,500-year-old bones. His assertion that the mystery man didn’t look anything like modern Native Americans infuriated Northwest Tribes, who consider the remains those of an ancestor and sued for the right to rebury what they call the Ancient One. Now the Bothell archaeologist is back in the spotlight with another set of prehistoric bones, along with DNA evidence that helps resolve a long-standing puzzle about the first Americans.
The young woman’s skeleton shares many of the physical traits that led Chatters to question Kennewick Man’s relationship to modern Native Americans. Quote: “Even though she is extremely feminine looking, and he is very masculine looking, they look a lot alike,” he said. Both skeletons have narrow brain cases, short faces and prominent foreheads typical of people from the Pacific Rim, Australia and Africa.
Naia - Mexico
Kennewick - United States
Native Americans more closely resemble (MODERN) people from northeast Asia. That jibes with genetic studies documenting their descent from Siberians believed to have migrated east into the land mass that once linked Asia and Alaska, and thence into the Americas beginning about 17,000 years ago. To explain why the bones of the Western Hemisphere’s oldest inhabitants — called paleoamericans — have such an unexpected appearance, Chatters and other scientists hypothesized that the Americas were colonized twice in prehistoric times: first by people from Southeast Asia or even Europe, then by migrants from Siberia.
James C. Chatters is an American forensic anthropologist, archaeologist, and paleontologist. As of 2012, he is the owner of forensics consulting firm, Applied Paleoscience; and serves as a Research Associate in the Office of Graduate Studies, Research, and Continuing Education at Central Washington University; Deputy Coroner of Benton County, Washington; and a consulting scientist on staff with Foster Wheeler Environmental Corporation of Bothell, Washington. In 1996, Chatters was the first scientist to excavate and study the prehistoric skeletal remains, known as Kennewick Man, which were discovered on the banks of the Columbia River
The enslavement of Africans in the Spanish Americas began in 1502 and was finally outlawed in 1716 in all colonies with the exceptions of Cuba and Puerto Rico, where it remained in a semi-legal state until it was finally abolished 1866 and 1863 respectively. Native slavery was prohibited during the first half of the sixteenth century, although some enslavement continued under the guise of just war. Most of the earliest black immigrants to the Americas were born in Spain and were not slaves, men such as Pedro Alonso Niño, a navigator who accompanied Christopher Columbus on his first voyage, and the black colonists who helped Nicolás de Ovando form the first Spanish settlement on Hispaniola in 1502. The name of Nuflo de Olano appears in the records as that of a black slave present when Vasco Núñez de Balboa sighted the Pacific Ocean in 1513. Other blacks served with Hernán Cortés when he conquered Mexico and with Francisco Pizarro when he marched into Peru.
Estevanico, one of the survivors of the unfortunate Narváez expedition from 1527 to 1536, was a black slave. With three other survivors, he spent six years traveling overland from Texas to Sinaloa and finally Mexico City, learning several Native American languages in the process. Later, while exploring what is now New Mexico for The Seven Cities of Gold, he lost his life in a dispute with the Zuñi. Juan Valiente, another black person, led Spaniards in a series of battles against the Araucanian people of Chile between 1540 and 1546. He was rewarded with an estate near Santiago and control of several Native American villages. José de Rodríguez was another prominent Black Spaniard who served as a buccaneer during the 17th century in the Caribbean waters at Spain's service. He was known for his brutality against British and Dutch prisoners.
In 1502 the Spanish monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella, granted permission to the colonists of the Caribbean to import African slaves. Opponents of their enslavement cited their weak Christian faith and their penchant for escaping to the mountains. Proponents declared that the rapid diminution of the Native American population required a consistent supply of reliable work hands, since the Spanish population at the time was far too low to carry out all the manual labour needed to assure the economic viability of the colonies as the first years of Spaniard presence in America were marked by a terrible outbreak of a tropical epidemic flu in the Caribbean that decimated the populations of local natives and Spaniard explorers. In 1518 the first shipment of African-born slaves was sent to the West Indies. The Spaniards, although purchasers of slaves, mostly from the Portuguese and the British, did not engage on slave trade on the African coast themselves, and the number of African slaves in their colonies was sensibly inferior to those of Portuguese or British.
The White Lie
According to the wiki "White Latin Americans" A study, conducted by Mexico's National Institute of Genomic Medicine (INMEGEN), reported that mestizo Mexicans were 58.96% European, 35.05% "Asian" (Amerindian mostly), and 5.03% African. (A study of which we have not been able to obtain a copy).
The same study found that the haplogroup of Mexico's population was most similar to that of Europeans, with the percentage of haplotypes shared being 81%, followed by the Asian haplogroup, at 74%, and finally the African haplogroup, at 64%. Investigators noted that the African admixture in general did not come from the African slaves brought by the Europeans, but was already part of the genetic makeup of the colonizers themselves.
Of course these Albino genographic studies are designed to show what the Albinos want shown. And of course, there are no uniquely European, Asian, or African haplogroups, except the very oldest African ones. (All Humans carry African Haplogroups). That is explained here: >>>
However, the study does serve to prove the lie that Black Mexicans are the descendants of African Slaves. An Albino lie foolishly carried forward by Negroes who depend on Albinos for their data, rather than gathering their own.
Viceroyalty of New Granada census 1789
The Viceroyalty of New Granada, was a Spanish colonial jurisdiction in northern South America, corresponding mainly to modern Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. The territory corresponding to Panama was incorporated later in 1739. In addition to these core areas, the territory of the Viceroyalty of New Granada included Guyana, and parts of northwestern Brazil, northern Peru, Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
In the Americas, the largest number of African slaves were shipped to Brazil. However, in the Spanish viceroyalty of New Granada, the free Black population in 1789 was 420,000, (only the truly STUPID would think that the "Free Black" population were emancipated Slaves), whereas African slaves numbered only 20,000. Free Blacks also outnumbered slaves in Brazil. In Cuba, by contrast, free Blacks made up only 15% in 1827; and in Saint-Domingue it was a mere 5% in 1789. Some half-million slaves, most of them born in Africa, worked the booming plantations of Saint-Domingue (the Caribbean island of Hispaniola - Haiti and the Dominican Republic).
Note: The Spanish could only take a census of people in their settlements and the surrounding areas. The actual native population was of course much larger, the estimated native population of south America alone (pre-Columbus) was 44 million.
|As dean of the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, Ben Vinson III provides leadership vision and guidance to more than 40 academic departments and programs, 27 research centers and institutes, over 1,000 faculty members, and approximately 7,700 graduate and undergraduate students. With a vision to create an “engaged liberal arts,” he has overseen a number of ambitious initiatives that have helped to expand the college’s profile in both the arts and the sciences. These initiatives include creation of the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design—which positions the college as a pivotal player in creative and innovative arts education—and completion of Science and Engineering Hall, a state-of-the-art facility that places world-class researchers from an array of disciplines under one roof to foster collaborative discoveries.
In addition, as leader of the university’s largest academic unit, he is playing a critical role in the success of the GW’s historic $1 billion Making History comprehensive fundraising campaign—the most ambitious in GW’s 200-year history. During his tenure, Columbian College has received record-breaking philanthropic support from alumni and donors, which will translate into advancing a number of key initiatives to assist the academic enterprise.
Elected to the National Humanities Center board of trustees in 2013, Dean Vinson’s scholarship focuses on colonial Mexico, especially the African presence in Mexico. He has authored and co-authored several books and numerous articles on the military participation of blacks in the militias, labor, free black populations in Mexico, slavery in Latin America more broadly, African American experiences in Mexico and Afro-Mexican experiences in the United States. He is currently researching the colonial Latin American caste system.
Prior to his arrival to GW in 2013, Dean Vinson was the vice dean for centers, interdepartmental program, and graduate programs at the Johns Hopkins University’s Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences. A member of the faculty since 2006, he was the Herbert Baxter Adams Professor of Latin American History and formerly directed the university’s Center for Africana Studies. Before his time at Hopkins, Vinson held faculty positions at Penn State University and Barnard College. He has been awarded fellowships from the Fulbright Commission, National Humanities Center, Social Science Research Council, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the Ford, Rockefeller and Mellon foundations. Vinson earned a bachelor’s degree from Dartmouth College and a doctorate from Columbia University.
|Henry Louis Gates, Jr., is the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor and Director of the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research at Harvard University. Emmy Award-winning filmmaker, literary scholar, journalist, cultural critic, and institution builder, Professor Gates has authored seventeen books and created fourteen documentary films, including Wonders of the African World, African American Lives, Black in Latin America, and Finding Your Roots, series three of which is currently in production. His six-part PBS documentary series, The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross (2013), which he wrote, executive produced, and hosted, earned the Emmy Award for Outstanding Historical Program—Long Form, as well as the Peabody Award, Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Award, and NAACP Image Award. Having written for such leading publications as The New Yorker, The New York Times, and Time, Professor Gates now serves as chairman of TheRoot.com, a daily online magazine he co-founded in 2008, while overseeing the Oxford African American Studies Center, the first comprehensive scholarly online resource in the field. In 2012, The Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Reader, a collection on his writings, was published.
The recipient of fifty-five honorary degrees and numerous prizes, Professor Gates was a member of the first class awarded “genius grants” by the MacArthur Foundation in 1981, and in 1998, he became the first African American scholar to be awarded the National Humanities Medal. He was named to Time’s 25 Most Influential Americans list in 1997, to Ebony’s Power 150 list in 2009, and to Ebony’s Power 100 list in 2010 and 2012. He earned his B.A. in English Language and Literature, summa cum laude, from Yale University in 1973, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in English Literature from Clare College at the University of Cambridge in 1979. Professor Gates has directed the W. E. B. Institute for African and African American Research—now the Hutchins Center—since arriving at Harvard in 1991, and during his first fifteen years on campus, he chaired the Department of Afro-American Studies as it expanded into the Department of African and African American Studies with a full-fledged doctoral program. He also is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and serves on a wide array of boards, including the New York Public Library, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, the Aspen Institute, Jazz at Lincoln Center, the Whitney Museum of American Art, Library of America, and the Brookings Institution.
Today, Mexico is a modern, wealthy country, with the worlds 14th largest economy and a large (White) middle class.
In 2005, during the administration of President Vicente Fox:
Mexico paid homage to the Blacks of Mexico with a set of postage stamps.
Unfortunately for them, all the stamp set did was expose Latin Americas "Dirty little secret". All over Latin America, the Albinos and the "Mestizo" mulattoes (Mestizos are the mulattoes of Mongol Indians and Europeans), have conspired to denigrate and marginalize Blacks and the "Black" mulattoes. Leaving them and the Black Indians with opportunity to be little more than the lowest rung of society. Beggars in Mexico are always Black Indians.
Bolivian President Evo Morales
Venezuelan President Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías
The Rarámuri or Tarahumara are a group of indigenous people of the Americas living in the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. They are renowned for their long-distance running ability. Originally inhabitants of much of Chihuahua, the Rarámuri retreated to the high sierras and canyons such as the Copper Canyon in the Sierra Madre Occidental on the arrival of Spanish colonizers in the 16th century. The area of the Sierra Madre Occidental which they now inhabit is often called the Sierra Tarahumara because of their presence. Almost all Rarámuri migrate from one place to another during the course of a year. The Rarámuri language belongs to the Uto-Aztecan family. Although it is in decline under pressure from Spanish, it is still widely spoken.
The Tarahumara Indians of Chihuahua, like many Indian tribes, are of interest because they not only show obvious admixture between the original Black settlers of Mexico, and the later arriving Mongol settlers of Mexico several thousands of years ago. But also recent admixture with the European Albinos who conquered Mexico.
Throughout the pages of Realhistoryww we have cautioned our readers that Albinos are degenerate liars on issues of Race, and their Near-Albino Mulattoes are sometimes even worst, because they are trying to elevate their "Believed" status (who but an Albino, or near Albino, would WANT to be an Albino?), to Same-as-White status, while at the same time ingratiating themselves to full Albinos (perhaps "making the best of a bad situation" is apropos). Of course the Albinos greatest impediment is his weakness to Sunlight. Which is of course why they needed to Enslave "Normal" (Pigmented) people to do their farming and other "Outside" work for them, (if they wanted to eat, and not starve, that is).
Mississippi quote: Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery—the greatest material interest of the world. Its labor supplies the product which constitutes by far the largest and most important portions of commerce of the earth. These products are peculiar to the climate verging on the tropical regions, and by an “imperious” (meaning power or authority without justification; one arrogant and domineering), law of nature, none but the "BLACK RACE" can bear exposure to the Tropical Sun: (today they claim to be the most pious Americans, “The Good, God Fearing People”. Yet they call the supposed works of God “imperious”??) . These products have become necessities of the world, and a blow at slavery is a blow at commerce and civilization. That blow has been long aimed at the institution, and was at the point of reaching its consummation. There was no choice left us but submission to the mandates of abolition, or a dissolution of the Union, whose principles had been subverted to work out our ruin.
Thus it is with this knowledge and understanding that we must vet and scrutinize the Clinical and Theoretical studies of Albinos. Since there is no telling when Blacks will have the "Wherewithal" to do their own studies, we had best get good at vetting Albino studies like the one below.
But before we get to the study, let us get a few things straight. First, we have said that Albinos lie, but we have not made clear "Why" Albinos lie. First and foremost, Albinos do not like it that each of them are merely the product of a Black Man and a Black Woman who had defective Melanin producing genes. Even though most European Albinos have Albino parents today (due to breeding among themselves in Central Asia): somewhere in time, they started out with Black Parents. Another reason is that Albinos took over the world less that 500 years ago, so they are still trying to cement their Fake history of the World. Thus admitting that original Americans were Black Negroid's and Black Mongoloids puts to lie their Fake history of Albino everyone, everywhere. Central to their stupid, delusional, lie history; is that All Blacks in the Americas are the result of the importation of African Slaves to the Americas. The problem for their lie history is that it's easily provable that Mexico and the United States actually imported few African Slaves. (See chart below).
Admixture and population structure in Mexican-Mestizos based on paternal lineages.
Guatemala is not a part of Mexico - it just happen to be in the list for Spanish Mainland Americas.
New Spain - Written by the Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
Viceroyalty of New Spain, the first of the four viceroyalties that Spain created to govern its conquered lands in the New World. Established in 1535, it initially included all land north of the Isthmus of Panama under Spanish control. This later came to include upper and lower California, the area that is now the central and southwestern portion of the United States, and territory eastward along the Gulf of Mexico to Florida. The Viceroyalty of New Spain was also charged with governing Spain’s Caribbean possessions. Later, in 1565, the newly conquered Philippines were placed under the jurisdiction of New Spain.
Remembering that this study was done in 2012, perhaps before the lies of commercial genome testing companies was documented: so as a service to the authors of this study; NO!!! SNPs and STRs CANNOT establish where people came from. Here at Realhistoryww we provide many exhibits to prove that they lie. Among them, we have one of our own pages debunking the claims of Ancestry DNA companies: Click here>>. And for those who don't feel that we are authoritative enough for them, we have a "60 Minutes" program titled "Rebuilding the Family Tree:" A CBS News expose of the "Wildly" false claims of Genetic Testers. Click here: >>>
(We just started, and already we know that these Albinos lie).
(No idiot authors, R* in NOT a European haplogroup; and YAP is NOT exclusively African).
Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Possible time of origin about 27,000 years BP. Possible place of origin possibly Central Asia, Siberia, or South Asia.
Haplogroup R, or R-M207, is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It is both numerous and widespread amongst modern populations. Some descendant subclades have been found since pre-history in Europe, Central Asia and South Asia. Others have long been present, at lower levels, in parts of West Asia and Africa. Some authorities have also suggested, more controversially, that R-M207 has long been present among Native Americans in North America – a theory that has not yet been widely accepted.
Haplogroup DE (YAP) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Possible time of origin 70,000-75,000 or already 141,000 years split between CF and DE, ca. 73,100 years ago, or ca. 76,000 years ago
Possible place of origin Africa or Eurasia, Ancestor CT, Descendants E, D: Defining mutations M1/YAP, M145 = P205, M203, P144, P153, P165, P167, P183
Haplogroup DE is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It is defined by the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutations, or UEPs, M1(YAP), M145(P205), M203, P144, P153, P165, P167, P183. DE is unique because it is distributed in several geographically distinct clusters. An immediate subclade, haplogroup D (also known as D-CTS3946), is mainly found in Eastern Asia, parts of Central Asia, and the Andaman Islands, but also sporadically in West Africa and West Asia. The other immediate subclade, haplogroup E, is common in Africa, and to a lesser extent the Middle East and Europe.
|Note that above, YAP was used as an indicator of Africans: but YAP is a part of haplogroup E*, so how can haplogroup E1b1b1 now be an indicator of Europeans? Albinos make it up as they go!|
|Above: YAP and haplogroup E* are indicators of European ancestry, now they use it as proof of AFRICAN ancestry. Though it is true that Blacks and their Albinos have the same haplogroups, those haplogroups cannot be used to exclude one or the other. They SHARE the genes!|
|As discussed in the Columbus "Special Subject Page", Black Europeans were indeed a part of Columbus's crew.|
Considering the errors and lies of this study, some must wonder WHY we featured it. Two reasons: first it gave us a good opportunity to highlight what the degenerate Racists do under the guise of science and education.
And two, it is one of the few studies that mention the wealth of genetic types (Haplogroups) found in Mexico. These are the Y-dna haplogroups so-far found in Mexico: O, C, C3, R, R1a1, R1b1, E1b1b1, FH, G, J, K, P, Q, Q1a3a. Looking at AB only: Quote from Wikipedia: Haplogroup A is the NRY macrohaplogroup from which all modern paternal haplogroups descend. It is sparsely distributed in Africa, being concentrated among Khoisan populations in the southwest, (the genetically OLDEST Humans) and Nilotic populations toward the northeast in the Nile Valley (The Ancient Egyptians).
Some might now enjoy reading this Realhistory page and seeing what other people around the World share these same haplogroups with Mexicans, and realize just how much about Mexico that the Albinos and their near-mulattoes are hiding. Click here: >>>
The term "North America" is sometimes used to refer only to Mexico, Canada, the United States, and Greenland.
The creators of the database have not made clear what their definition of "Mainland North America" is.
Note that the REAL Black population of the United States is around 100 million, (See results of the 2008 election):
Then note that whatever it is, they couldn't possibly come from less than a HALF A MILLION AFRICANS (see above - 365,713)!!!
Nowhere is the lies and falsifications of the Albinos more apparent than with the descendants of the Maya, in their old Homeland in what is now the country of Belize (formerly British Honduras). The Spanish imported only 1,023 African Slaves into Maya-land - and as it happened, they were isolated from the Native people. To properly show what happened in the Maya Homeland, we have created a Special Subject Page titled "Belize." Click here for the Belize page: >>>
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