When last we left Italy, the Etruscans had been defeated and absorbed by the Romans. Strangely, seemingly none of the indigenus Blacks of Europe viewed Whites as a common enemy.
By the end of the ancient era (B.C.), new invaders had migrated into western Europe from the east; and pushed the remaining indigenous peoples south. These new people were mainly Celts, who had been pushed out of their central European lands by the invading White Germanic tribes.
By now, the original people had accepted rule of the conquering Romans, though the acceptance was uneasy. As would be expected, there was almost constant warfare between these two peoples, the western Celts known as Gauls, and the eastern Celts. But their hatred of each other was less than their hatred of Roman rule. There were many rebellions against Rome by both groups. As we can see from Julius Caesar's comments below; Gauls and Celts were the same people. As with all the ancient people of Europe, modern racists have sought to portray them as White people. The famous marble statue "The Dying Gaul" is a fake, just as is the statue of Vercingetorix that was put up by Napoleon III in 1865. See photo below.
Strangely; the statue "The Dying Gaul" does seem to be in exact conformity with the "Supposed" description of "Diodorus Siculus" who is said to describe them as such:
“The Gauls are tall in body, with rippling muscles... They are always washing their hair in limewater and pull it back from the forehead... , so that that they look like Satyrs and Pans; the treatment of their hair makes it so heavy and coarse that it looks like the mane of a horse... some of them shave the beard, but others let it grow a little. The nobles shave their cheeks but let the mustache grow until it covers the mouth".
Julius Caesar, in his book, Commentarii de Bello Gallico - ca. 50 B.C, comments:
All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours Gauls, the third. All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. The Garonne River (roughly divides France and Spain) separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the River Marne (runs east and southeast from Paris) and the River Seine separate them from the Belgae. Of all these, the Belgae are the bravest, because they are furthest from the civilisation and refinement of (our) Province, and merchants least frequently resort to them, and import those things which tend to effeminate the mind; and they are the nearest to the Germani, who dwell beyond the Rhine (runs north from eastern Switzerland through Germany and the Netherlands to its two-pronged outlet on the North Sea), with whom they are continually waging war.
For which reason the Helvetii also surpass the rest of the Gauls in valour, as they contend with the Germani in almost daily battles, when they either repel them from their own territories, or themselves wage war on their frontiers. One part of these, which it has been said that the Gauls occupy, takes its beginning at the River Rhone; it is bounded by the Garonne River, the Atlantic Ocean, and the territories of the Belgae; it borders, too, on the side of the Sequani and the Helvetii, upon the River Rhine, and stretches toward the north. The Belgae rises from the extreme frontier of Gaul, extend to the lower part of the River Rhine; and look toward the north and the rising sun. Aquitania extends from the Garonne to the Pyrenees and to that part of the Atlantic (Bay of Biscay) which is near Spain: it looks between the setting of the sun, and the north star.
Note: The Helvetii, refers to a conglomeration of Celtic tribes formed by the Helvetian's of southern Germany and numbering in excess of 300,000, who decided to flee the invading White Germanic tribes.
One of the last, or perhaps the last, of the original Black civilizations to be destroyed by the Whites, were the Arverni of southern France. They were an advanced culture who lived in cities and were wealthy in gold and silver, (as attested to by the huge booty taken from them by the Romans).
Their demise came about because of a revolt against Rome by another Black Gaul city called "Carnutes". In early 52 B.C, Carnutes used the turmoil that accompanied the death of Publius Clodius Pulcher; a Roman politician, as an opportunity to rebell; they slaughtered all of the Romans in their territory.
Seeing this, "Vercingetorix" a young nobleman of the Arvernian capital city of Gergovia, moved to join the rebellion. He was however rebuffed by the nobles of Gergovia, forcing him to raise an army in the countryside. He then returned to Gergovia and took the city, whereupon he was declared king.
In most historical accounts, it is said that Vercingetorix unified ALL of the Gaul's under his command. In his campaign against Julius Caesar, Vercingetorix was at first successful, but over time, the tide began to turn. The end came at the Battle of Alesia, the capital city of another of the Black Gaul people, the Mandubii.
At Alesia, Vercingetorix made his last stand. Caesar instead of making a direct assault, surrounded the city with fortifications in order to starve them out. When Vercingetorix sent for reinforcements, Caesar built another set of fortifications to his rear, to hold back the reinforcements. When the reinforcements arrived, they were of insufficient number to break through Caesars line. After many loosing battles to break out, Vercingetorix was forced to mount his horse, ride out and surrender to Caesar.
Vercingetorix was taken prisoner and imprisoned in the Tullianum in Rome for five years, before being publicly displayed in Caesar's triumph in 46 B.C, after which he was executed. Gergovia, Alesia, and all the other Black Gaullic cities were destroyed, and their people killed or displaced. The destruction was so complete that at this time, the only known evidence of their existence is Roman coins, (such as the one above), and written Roman accounts.
Rome would continue to grow, and in time it would come to absorb the classical Greek civilization as well. Rome too, would establish a great civilization with many great kings. One king of particular note is Constantine (271-337 A.D.), though not the greatest of the Roman kings, Constantine would have to be considered the most influential - His conversion to Christianity, facilitated the creation of the largest religious institution the world has ever known - the Holy Roman Catholic Church.
The people of the Eurasian plains would not stop here, they continued their outward migration until they had populated all of Europe, the middle-east, India, and the Americas. Over time, great civilizations would spring-up in each place that they settled.
Please visit the "Additional Material Area" for many more photographs of each civilization, and related material <Click>
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